Sunday, November 12, 2017

Scholars Biographies: Shaykh Abdullah al-Qar’aawee

1315H–1389H: Shaikh 'Abdullaah bin Muhammad Al-Qar'aawee

Author: Fawaaz bin 'Alee Al-Madkhalee
Source: His compilation "Tareeq-ul-Wusool ilaa Eedaah ath-Thalaathat-il-Usool. Produced By:  Al-Ibaanah.com

He was Shaikh 'Abdullaah bin Muhammad bin Hamad bin Muhammad Al-Qar'aawee [2] An-Najdee from the district of Qaseem in Najd. He played a great role in Calling to Allaah and spreading the authentic creed, particularly in the southern regions of Saudi Arabia, where this (Salafee) Da'wah thrived and prospered.

He, may Allaah have mercy on him, was born in Dhul-Hijjah of 1315H in the city of 'Unayzah. His father passed away two months prior to his birth, so he was raised an orphan under the care and auspices of his mother and paternal uncle. He was brought up learning the basic elementary studies, uprightness, purification and memorization of the Qur'aan. During the first part of his life, he occupied himself with conducting business, but he changed to seeking knowledge. He traveled to India twice and then moved throughout the cities of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia seeking knowledge. So he traveled from Buraydah to Makkah and then to Madeenah, Riyadh, Ihsaa and Qatar. In fact, he even transcended beyond the Arabian Peninsula, visiting Iraq, Egypt and Syria.

Afterward, he commenced his Call to reformation, turning his attention to the southern region of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. He settled in Saamitah and made it the center for his Da'wah. So he began calling the people to have Taqwaa of Allaah and to adhere to the beliefs of the pious predecessors (Salaf as-Saalih), with wisdom and fair admonition. Many students would gather around him, and so he would have a large following of people who came to him seeking knowledge. So he held gatherings, teaching them the Qur'aan, Tafseer, Tajweed, Tawheed, Hadeeth, Fiqh, Laws of Inheritance, and some of the sciences of the Arabic language. [3]

Then he focused on some of the neighboring towns of Saamitah and opened various educational institutes, appointing some of his main students as teachers in them – students the likes of Shaikh Haafidh Al-Hakamee (rahimahullaah), about whom he said: "He is one of my students, however he has surpassed me in knowledge by far."

He would supply these schools with everything that students stood in need of, such as books, notepads and so on, purchasing that with his personal donations. He would also go out in person to visit the neighboring villages on certain days to the point that the people turned towards seeking knowledge under him. The Shaikh's schools spread out from the district of Tuhaamah to the district of 'Aseer. He opened many schools and institutes within these regions and appointed his major students to teach in them.

Some of the main objectives of his Da'wah were to rectify the Creed in the people's souls, to cultivate the true Islaam into the hearts of the Muslim youth and to guide them to the correct path. Prior to his arrival, the community was living upon ignorance and false notions. So the Shaikh, may Allaah have mercy on him, produced students that were strong in their Creed to guide the people and call them to Allaah. So his efforts were crowned with success and many of the people began to perform the obligations at their proper times.

During the last part of his life, he was afflicted with a painful sickness, as a result of which he was forced to move to Riyadh where he was admitted into its central hospital. On Tuesday, the 8th of Jumaadaal-Oolaa, 1389H, the Shaikh passed away, having reached around 73 years of age – a lifetime which he spent serving knowledge, seeking it and spreading it to the people. He, may Allaah have mercy on him, is regarded today as one of the Imaams of the Islamic Da'wah of the 14th Hijree Century, particularly in the districts of Tuhaamah and 'Aseer, which serve as the birthplace of his Da'wah.

For more about Imaam Al-Qar'aawee, refer to the book "Shaikh Haafidh bin Ahmad Al-Hakamee – His Life and Effects" (pg. 31-35) written by our sheikh, Zayd bin Muhammad Al-Madkhalee, rahimahullaah, and the book "Shaikh 'Abdullaah Al-Qar'aawee and his Da'wah in the South of the Kingdom" (pg. 12) by As-Sahlee.


Footnotes:

[1] Translator's Note: This book was compiled by Fawaaz al-Madkhalee from classes Shaikh Zayd Al-Madkhalee (rahimahullaah) gave on the explanation of the famous book "The Three Fundamental Principles" in the First Shaikh 'Abdullaah bin Muhammad Al-Qar'aawee Educational Seminar, which was held in 1415H in the district of Jaazaan.

[2] Translator's Note: Al-Qar'aawee was the nickname of his grandfather, which was an ascription to a town he lived in called al-Qar'aa, within the confines of the city of Buraydah. See Fatawaa al-Jaliyyah, footnote 3 on (pg. 5).

[3] Shaikh 'Abdullaah Al-Qar'aawee served as one of the carriers of the Sunnah and one of the callers to it during that time period. He studied under the noble scholars of his region of Najd and elsewhere. He longed to be one of the callers to Allaah and to be one of those who would revive His Religion, aiding the truth, and guiding the people from deviation to the truth and from Shirk to Tawheed. He yearned to be from those who would warn the people against the evils that are the cause for Allaah's Anger. So Allaah willed for him to be from those who called to his Path in the southern region of Saudi Arabia. This was due the suggestion of his teacher at that time, the former Muftee of Saudi Arabia, Shaikh Muhammad bin Ibraaheem (rahimahullaah), to go there.

This happened after Shaikh Al-Qar'aawee confided in him a dream he had in which he saw himself go down to the southern regions of Saudi Arabia. So he set out for the south and ended up in Jaazaan in the year 1358H. Thereafter, he advanced to the city of Saamitah, and Allaah benefited the people of these lands through him. So the people of the south learned the Book and the Sunnah from him and they began to understand the Religion of Allaah at his hands.

When he first came to Saamitah, he opened the first Madrasah Salafiyyah (Salafee School) there in Sha'baan 1358H, and began teaching in it shortly thereafter. The school was opened in the house of Shaikh Naasir bin Khaloofah, may Allaah have mercy on him.

At the head of his students, were:

  • Shaikh Haafidh bin Ahmad al-Hakamee,
  • Shaikh Ahmad bin Yahyaa An-Najmee,
  • Shaikh 'Umar Jardee Al-Madkhalee,
  • Shaikh Muhammad bin Ahmad Al-Hakamee, and
  • other scholars, at whose hands Allaah raised the Sunnah and subdued innovation.

[This excerpt is from footnote 3 on (pg. 5) of Al-Fatawaa al-Jaliyyah, written by the compiler of the book, Hasan bin Muhammad Ad-Dagreeree.]


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Saturday, November 11, 2017

Brief Biography: Imam Al-Laalikaa’ee (d.418H)

Imaam Abul-Qaasim Hibatullaah Al-Laalikaa'ee

Source: Intro to the Book "The Creed of Imam Bukhaaree"
Translated by: Dawud Burbank rahimahullaah

He was Abul-Qaasim Hibatullaah, Ibn al-Hasan bin Mansoor ar-Raazee, at-Tabaree, al-Laalikaa'ee. The author of the encyclopedia of the 'aqeedah of the Salaf called Sharh Usool I'tiqaad Ahlis-Sunnah wal Jamaa'ah.

He lived in a time of great confusion and political strife and division. A time when innovations were widespread and were propagated by their profounder and followers, including the Mu'tazilah, the Qadariyyah, the Khawaarij, the Murjiah, the Rawaafid and others besides them. Around his time many of the scholars of Ahlus-Sunnah wal-Jamaa'ah stood to author books in defense of the 'aqeedah of the Companions, the Taabe'een and the Salaf after them and to warn against the widespread innovations.

However, the book of al-Laalikaa'ee is the most comprehensive of all those books and its reader can delight in the abundance of knowledge and guidance contained therein. He reports from more than 180 people and this indicates the large number of Shaykhs he learnt from.

Amongst his students was the famous al-Khateeb al-Baghdaadee who said about him in his Taareekh Baghdaad (14/70): "We wrote from him and he used to understand and memorize (well)."

Ibn Katheer said about him in al-Bidaayah (12/24): "He used to understand and memorize and he (was always) concerned and anxious about hadeeth." He was known for his precision and his perspicacity in hadeeth. One of his students saw Abul-Qaasim al-Laalikaa'ee after his death in a good dream.

Al-Khateeb al-Baghdaadee mentions this and those after him narrate it from him, 'Alee bin al-Hasan bin Jadaa al-'Akbaree said: 'I saw Abul-Qaasim at-Tabaree in a dream and I said to him. What has Allaah done with you?' He said: 'He has forgiven me.' I said: 'For what reason?' And it was as if he said in a word in a lowered, subdued voice: 'The Sunnah.'

He died in the year 418H whilst he was middle-aged, before he became famous for his knowledge and his works, may Allaah have mercy upon him. Refer to the introduction to Sharh Usoolil-Itiqaad (1/65-101) by Ahmad Sa'd Hamdaan for more details.

Source: Originally published in al-manhaj .com website ( this site no more exists)


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Friday, November 10, 2017

Scholars Biographies: Imaam Abu Ja’far Ahmad Ibn Muhammad At-Tahaawee

Imaam Abu Ja'far Ahmad Ibn Muhammad At-Tahaawee

Source : Shaikh al-Albaanee's checking and notes to the Sharh and Matn  of Aqeedah Tahaawiyyah

His Name and Lineage: 

He was the Imaam, the Muhaddith, the Faqeeh, the Haafidh, the noble Scholar, Abu Ja'far Ahmad bin Muhammad bin Salaamah bin Salama 'Abdul-Malik bin Salama Al-Azdee At-Tahaawee. Al-Azadee is an ascription to a well-known tribe from Qahtaan. At-Tahaawee is an ascription to the land Tahaa in Upper Egypt.

His Search for Knowledge: 

His lineage in knowledge is connected to his family and uncles, for his father was from the scholars and his uncle was the Imaam Isma'eel bin Yahyaa Al-Muznee. (Died 264H). He was born in 239H. When he reached the age of adolescence, he moved to Egypt in search of knowledge. Al-Muznee was the one with the most knowledge of Fiqh amongst the companions of Imaam Muhammad bin Idrees Ash-Shaafi'ee in his land. And likewise his mother was from the people of knowledge and narrations.

Then he linked with the scholars of Egypt as well as those who came to Egypt. And his teachers were many, as were his students.

Every time the scope of his horizons would widen, he would find himself confused amidst a score of Fiqh issues. And he would not find the sufficient answers from his uncle that would soothe his confusion over these issues. So he began to examine what his uncle would do when he was faced with these kinds of contradictory opinions. His uncle would refer a lot to the books of the associates of Abu Haneefah (i.e. Hanafis), and he would favor many of the opinions of Abu Haneefah with regard to these issues. These favored opinions of his were recorded in his book "Mukhtasar Al-Muznee."

So after that he was left with no choice but to look into the books of the associates of Abu Haneefah and adopt their methodology in establishing fundamental principles and deriving subsidiary rulings. This is such that when he completed his knowledge of the madh-hab of Imaam Abu Haneefah, he changed to that madh-hab and became one of its followers. But this did not prevent him from opposing and contradicting some of the (erroneous) opinions held by the Imaam (Abu Haneefah) and preferring the opinions of the other Imaams (on certain issues). This is because he, may Allaah have mercy on him, was not a muqallid (blind follower) of Abu Haneefah. But rather he only saw the methodology of Abu Haneefah in Fiqh as being the most exemplary of methodologies, according to his opinion – so he treaded that path. This is why you will find him in his book "Ma'aanee Al-Athaar" affirming some views that his Imaam (Abu Haneefah) did not hold. What supports what we stated just now, is what Ibn Zoolaaq stated:

"I heard Abul-Hasan 'Alee Ibn Abee Ja'far At-Tahaawee say: I heard my father say: ' (and he mentioned the virtues of Abu 'Ubayd Harbaway and his Fiqh and said) He would ask me about (Fiqh) issues. So one day I gave my answer to one issue, so he said to me: 'This is not the opinion of Abu Haneefah.' So I said: 'O judge (Qaadee), do I have to hold the same opinion for every opinion that Abu Haneefah held?" So he said: 'I didn't think you were more than a blind follower.' I said to him: 'And does anyone blindly follow someone except he who is a fanatic?' He said: 'Or a simple-minded person.' So this story spread throughout Egypt, such that it became a proverb and the people memorized it.'"

He was educated under many shuyookh, whom he took knowledge and benefited from. He had more than three hundred teachers. He would spend lots of time with those scholars that came to visit Egypt from different parts of the world, such that he would add to his knowledge what knowledge they had. This shows you the extent of the concern he had for benefiting and learning from the scholars, as well as the intense eagerness he had for acquiring knowledge. Many scholars praised him and described him as being reliable, trustworthy, a Faqeeh, intelligent, a good memorizer and a pious worshipper. He had a high proficiency in Fiqh and Hadeeth.

The Scholars' Praise for Him: 

Ibn Yoonus said: "At-Tahaawee was reliable, trustworthy, a Faqeeh, intelligent, the likes of whom one did not come afterward."

Imaam Adh-Dhahabee said in his At-Taareekh al-Kabeer: "He was the Faqeeh, the Muhaddith, the Haafidh, one of the elite personalities, and he was reliable, trustworthy, knowledgeable of Fiqh and intelligent."

Ibn Katheer said in Al-Bidaayah wan-Nihaayah: "He was one of the reliable, trustworthy and brilliant scholars of Hadeeth (Haafidh)."

He served as an intermediary for the knowledge between those who came before (Salaf) and those who came after (Khalaf). The scholars praised him and mentioned him as being a Muhaddith (scholar of Hadeeth), one whose report was reliable and an established narrator. He was distinguished and highly proficient in writing. And he became the most knowledgeable of Fiqh amongst the Hanafis in Egypt. This was even though he had a share in the Fiqh of all of the madh-habs of Fiqh and Hadeeth, and he knew of the various sciences of Islaam.

His Books: 

As for his writings, then for the most part, they are verifications and compilations, containing many benefits. Among his writings is "Al-'Aqeedah At-Tahaawiyyah", which we are writing the introduction for now, as well as for its explanation (by Ibn Abee Al-'Izz). Even though the size of the book is small, its benefits are many and its methodology is that of the Salaf. And you will find that it contains everything the Muslim needs concerning his Creed. There is also his book "Ma'aanee Al-Athaar", which is a book in which he presents different areas of research in Fiqh along with their evidences. And during the course of his research, he mentions the issues in which there are differences of opinion amongst the scholars. And he lists the proofs and evidences for each opinion and debates them, outweighing which one appears to be the truth according to him. This book will accustom the student of knowledge with understanding Fiqh and it will acquaint him with the areas of difference of opinion.

He left behind many other great works, close to forty different books, amongst which are: Sunan Ash-Shaafi'ee, Mushkil Al-Athaar, Ahkaam-ul-Qur'aan, Al-Mukhtaar, Sharh Al-Jaam'i-ul-Kabeer, Sharh Al-Jaam'i-us-Sagheer, Ash-Shuroot, Nawaadir al-Fiqhiyyah and others.

Imaam At-Tahaawee was well known and famous for commanding good and forbidding evil, for voicing out the truth and returning to that which he held to be the truth without being affected by the (other) scholars, rulers and associates.

Sufficient for us is the agreement of the majority of the scholars upon accepting this Creed, which has been truthfully called: "An Explanation of the Creed of Ahlus-Sunnah wal-Jamaa'ah." And no one speaks against it except for those who rebel against the Creed held within it such as some remnants from the Mu'tazilah and the people of Hulool and Ittihaad (Sufi belief that Allaah is incarnate within His creation), and those who follow any opinion.

His Death: 

Imaam At-Tahaawee died on a Thursday at the beginning of Dhul-Qa'adah in 321H and was buried in the Qaraafah graveyard in Egypt. May Allaah have mercy on him.

Source: Originally published in al-manhaj .com website ( this site no more exists)

 


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Thursday, November 9, 2017

Scholars Biographies: Imaam Abu Muhammad Al-Hasan Ibn ‘Alee Al-Barbahaaree

Imaam Abu Muhammad Al-Hasan Ibn 'Alee Al-Barbahaaree

Author: Compiled from Several Sources
Translator: Abu Talha Dawood Burbank rahimahullaah

His Name, Kunyah and Lineage: 

He is the Imaam, the Example, the Mujaahid, the Shaikh of the Hanbalee scholars and greatest of them in his time: Abu Muhammad Al-Hasan Ibn 'Alee Ibn Khalf Al-Barbahaaree – an ascription to Barbahaar, which were medicines imported from India.

His Birthplace and Early Life: 

The references available do not mention anything about his birth or early life but it appears that he was born and brought up in Baghdad. This is apparent from his fame amongst its general public, not to mention its scholars. Furthermore, Al-Barabahaaree sat with a group of the companions of the Imaam of Ahl-us-Sunnah wal-Jamaa'ah, Ahmad Ibn Hanbal, rahimahullaah. He studied under them and most of them came from Baghdad as will be explained. This shows that he grew up in an environment of knowledge and adherence to the Sunnah. This clearly had a great influence on his personality.

t.gifHis Teachers and His Seeking after Knowledge: 

Al-Barbahaaree was pre-eminent in seeking after knowledge and expanded great efforts to attain it. He acquired knowledge from a group of the senior students of Imaam Ahmad Ibn Hanbal, except that unfortunately, the references available to us only state two of them by name and they are:

1. Ahmad Ibn Muhammad Ibn-ul-Hajjaaj Ibn 'Abd-il-'Azeez Abu Bakr Al-Marwazee: The exemplary Imaam, scholar and Muhaddith, a student of Imaam Ahmad. He died on the sixth of Jumaadal-Oolaa in the year 275H.

2. Sahl Ibn 'Abdullaah Ibn Yoonus At-Tustaree, Abu Muhammad: The Imaam, worshipper and one known for abstemiousness from this world. Many wise sayings are reported from him and many remarkable happenings. He died in the month of Muharram in the year 283H, at the age of about eighty.

His Knowledge and the Scholars' Praise for Him: 

Imaam Al-Barbahaaree, rahimahullaah, was a formidable and imposing Imaam who spoke out with the truth and called to the Sunnah and to the following of narrations. He also had renown and the respect of the ruler. In his gatherings, various circles for the study of Hadeeth, the narrations and Fiqh were held. These were attended by many of the scholars of Hadeeth and Fiqh.

The scholar, Abu 'Abdillaah said: "If you see a person of Baghdad loving Abul-Hasan Ibn Bashshaar and Abu Muhammad Al-Barbahaaree, then know that he is a person of the Sunnah."

His high status is shown by what his student, Ibn Battah, rahimahullaah, said: "I heard him – meaning Al-Barbahaaree – saying when the people were prevented from Hajj: 'O People! If anyone needs assistance to the level of a hundred thousand Deenaars and a hundred thousand Deenaars and a hundred thousand Deenaars – five times – then I will assist him.'" Ibn Battah said: "If he wanted it the people would have given it to him."

As regards the scholars' praise for him, then a great deal has been reported:

Ibn Abee Ya'laa said: "Shaikh of the Community in his time and the foremost of them in censuring the people of innovation and in opposing them with his hand and tongue. And he had renown with the rulers and prominence amongst those of knowledge. And he was one of the wise scholars, great and precise memorizers of the texts and one of the reliable believers"

Adh-Dhahabee said in Al-'Ibar: "…the exemplary scholar, Shaikh of the Hanbalees in 'Iraaq in speech, action and sticking to what is lawful. He had great renown and total respect."

Ibn Al-Jawzee said: "…He gathered knowledge and had abstention from this world (zuhd) and was strong against the people of innovation."

Ibn Katheer said: "The abstemious, man of knowledge, the Hanbalee scholar, the admonisher – and he was strict against the people of innovation and sin. He had great standing and was respected by the elite and by the common people."

His Piety and Abstemiousness: 

Imaam Al-Barbahaaree was known for both of these qualities. This can be seen by what Abul-Hasan Ibn Bashshaar mentioned: "Al-Barbahaaree shunned seventy-thousand Deenaars, which he inherited from his father." Ibn Abee Ya'laa said: "Al-Barbahaaree strove greatly and stood firm for the Religion many times."

His Position with Regard to the People of Innovation: 

Imaam Al-Barbahaaree, rahimahullaah, was very stern against the people of innovations and deviant sects, opposing them with his tongue and his hand, all the while following the way of Ahl-us-Sunnah wal-Jamaa'ah with regards to the treatment of the people of innovation and deviation. His desire was that this Religion remain pure and be kept free from all that the people of innovation and deviance sought to attach to it, whether the beliefs of the Jahmiyyah, the Mu'tazilah, the 'Ash'arees, the Soofees or the Shee'ah and Raafidees.

He makes clear the methods employed by the people of deviant sects to give sanction to their innovations, and he warns us against falling into their ways and methods. He lays out for us the broad and clear outlines describing the people of deviant sects and innovations. It is as if you are looking straight at them.

In summery, his position with regard to the people of deviant sects and innovations was clearly one of opposition and sternness due to his concern and love for the Sunnah and due to the efforts of every deviant innovator to attack it. His position is rightfully seen as a fine example of the positions of the Imaams of Ahl-us-Sunnah with regard to the people of innovation, deviation and misguidance.

His Students: 

A large number of students learned from this Imaam and benefited from him, since he was an example in both word and deed. And from these students are:

1. The exemplary Imaam and Scholar, Abu 'Abdillaah Ibn 'Ubaydullaah Ibn Muhammad Al-'Ukbaree, well known as Ibn Battah, who died in Muharram of the year 387H.

2. The exemplary Imaam, well known for his wise sayings, Muhammad Ibn Ahmad Ibn Isma'eel Al-Baghdaadee, Abul-Husayn Ibn Sam'oon, the admonisher, famous for his deeds and condition. He died in the middle of Dhul-Qa'adah in the year 387H.

3. Ahmad Ibn Kaamil Ibn Khalf Ibn Shajarah, Abu Bakr, the narrator of this book from its author

4. Muhammad Ibn Muhammad Ibn 'Uthmaan, Abu Bakr, about whom Al-Khateeb Al-Baghdaadee (rahimahullaah) said: "It reached me that he used to lead the life of an ascetic and was upon good except that he reported some things that were weak and without basis."

A Glimpse of His Words and Poetry: 

Abu 'Abdillaah Ibn Battah (rahimahullaah) said: "I heard Abu Muhammad Al-Barbahaaree say: 'Sitting in order to advise sincerely is to open the door of benefit and sitting in order to debate is to close the doors of benefit.'" And he said: "The people are in constant delusion."

From his poetry is:

"Whoever satisfies himself with what suffices him –
Begins rich and continues in following the correct way:
How fine an attribute Allaah has made being satisfied with what suffices –
How many a humble person it has raised high
The soul of the youth feels constricted if it is poor
But if he is patiently dependent upon his Lord he would indeed be given ease and sufficiency."

His Trial and Death: 

Imaam Al-Barbahaaree, rahimahullaah, had renown and a position of great respect with the common people and the elite and also had status in the eyes of the ruler. However, his enemies from the people of the deviant sects and innovations did not cease in their efforts to incite the ruler against him and to cause anger in his heart against him. This was to the point that in the year 321H, the Khaleefah, Al-Qaahir ordered his minister Ibn Muqlah to arrest Al-Barbahaaree and his students. Al-Barbahaaree hid, however a group of his major students were captured and taken to Basrah. Allaah, the most High, punished Ibn Muqlah for this action by causing Al-Qaahir Billaah to become angry with him, so Ibn Muqlah fled and was removed from his post and his house was burned. Then Al-Qaahir Billaah was himself imprisoned on the sixth of Jumaadal-Aakhirah, 322H. He was stripped of his position and blinded in both eyes. Then Allaah, the Most High, granted that Al-Barbahaaree return to his place of honor.

When Abu 'Abdillaah Ibn 'Arafah, well known as Niftawaih died, his funeral was attended by many prominent people and scholars and the congregation was lead by Al-Barbahaaree and that occurred in Safar of the year 323H. It was in this year also that Al-Barbahaaree's standing grew and his words carried greater weight and his students became apparent and spread out amongst the people, censuring the innovators. It reached the point that once when Al-Barbahaaree was on the western side of the city and sneezed, his students replied to him and (were so many that) the Khaleefah heard the noise they made in his apartment, so he asked about what had happened. So when he was informed he became afraid.

The innovators still did not cease trying to cause the heart of the Khaleefah Ar-Raadee to turn against Al-Barbahaaree. This was to the point that Ar-Raadee gave the order to Badr Al-Harasee, his chief of police, that he should ride out in public in Baghdad with the proclamation that no two students of Al-Barbahaaree were allowed to meet together. Again he hid himself having previously settled in the west of the city, he now secretly moved to the east. He died in this state in the year 329H.

Ibn Abee Ya'laa said: Muhammad Ibn Al-Hasan Al-Muqri narrated to me, saying: My grandfather and also my grandmother related to me that:

"Abu Muhammad Al-Barbahaaree was hidden by the sister of Toozoon in the eastern side of the town in the alleyway of the public bathhouse…he was there for about a month then his blood ceased flowing. When Al-Barbahaaree died, still in hiding, the sister of Toozoon said to her servant: 'Find someone to wash him.' So someone came to wash him and the door was kept locked so that no one would know. He alone stood to pray for him, but when the woman who owned the house looked, she found that it was full of men wearing white and green clothing. After he had ended the Funeral Prayer, she did not see anyone at all, so she called to her servant and said: 'You have destroyed me along with my brother!' So he said: 'Did you not see what I saw?' 'Yes', she replied. He said: 'Here are the keys to the door and it is still locked.' So she said: 'Bury him in my house and when I die bury me near him…'"

May Allaah have mercy on Imaam Al-Barbahaaree and grant him a great reward. He was an Imaam in truth, an example, knowing Allaah, and a follower of the Sunnah, and an unsheathed sword against the people of innovation and deviation.

Source: Originally published in al-manhaj .com website ( this site no more exists)


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Wednesday, November 8, 2017

Scholars Biographies: Imaam Abu ‘Abdillaah `Ubaydullaah Al-`Ukbaree, Ibn Battah

Imaam Abu 'Abdillaah `Ubaydullaah Al-`Ukbaree, Ibn Battah

He was Abu 'Abdillaah `Ubaydullaah bin Muhammad Ibn Battah Al-`Ukbaree Al-Hanbalee, known as "Ibn Battah."He was the Imaam, the Hadeeth Master (Haafidh), the Hanbalee Legal Jurist (Faqeeh), the devout worshipper and ascetic. He was born in the year 304H in Ukbaraa, a land close to Baghdad, and died in the year 387H. His father was a Faqeeh and it was under his auspices that he began his studies and he often reports from him in his books. He was sent to Baghdad to study hadeeth while still young. Then he traveled to various lands such as Shaam, Basrah, Makkah and Thagur studying under a host of the leading scholars of his time and excelled in 'Aqeedah, Hadeeth and Fiqh.

He heard from the likes of Abu al-Qaasim al-Baghawee, Abu Dharr al-Baaghandee, Abu Bakr bin Ziyaad an-Naisabooree, Isma`eel al-Warraaq, al-Qaadee al-Mahaamalee, Muhammad bin Mukhlid, Abu Taalib Ahmad bin Nasr al-Haafidh, Muhammad bin Ahmad bin Thaabit al-'Ukbaree, 'Alee bin Abee al-Aqab, Ahmad bin Ubayd as-Saffaar, Ibn Saa`id and others.

A group of the scholars narrated from him such as: Abu al-Fath bin Abee al-Fawaaris, Abu Nu`aym al-Asbahaanee, Ubaydullaah al-Azharee, 'Abdul-'Azeez al-Azjee, Abu Ishaaq al-Barmakee, Abu Muhammad al-Jawharee, Muhammad bin Ahmad bin Eesaa as-Sa`see and others. He has been praised by more than one Imaam and was famous for enjoining the good and forbidding the evil. [See Ibn Katheer's Al-Bidaayah wan-Nihaayah (11/368-369); Ibn Hajr's Lisaan al-Meezaan (4/133+) and Adh-Dhahabee's Siyar A'alaam an-Nubalaa (16/529-533)

Al-Khateeb al-Baghdaadee said: Abu Haamid ad-Dawlee narrated to me that when Ibn Battah returned from his travels he confined himself to his house for forty years [only rarely going out]. He was not seen in the market place and neither was he seen breaking fast except on the day of 'Eed. He used to enjoin the good and not a single bad narration [concerning people] would reach him except that he put it in a better light." [See Al-Khateeb Al-Baghdaadee's Taareekh Baghdaad (10/372)]

'Abdul-Waahid bin 'Alee al-'Ukbaree said, "I have not seen any of the scholars from the Ashaabul Hadeeth or other than them having a better disposition and mannerism than Ibn Battah" [See Al-Khateeb Al-Baghdaadee's Taareekh Baghdaad (10/372)]

Ahmad bin Muhammad al-'Ateeqee said, "Ibn Battah was a righteous Shaykh, one whose supplications were answered." [Ibn al-Jawzee in Al-Muntadhim (7/194)]

Abu al-Fath al-Qawwaas said: "I mentioned the knowledge and asceticism of Ibn Battah to Abu Sa`eed al-Ismaa`eelee and so he went to him. When he returned he commented: 'His [knowledge and asceticism] is beyond description.'" [Ibn Hajr Al-'Asqalaanee in Lisaan al-Meezaan(4/134)]

Abu Mas`ood Ahmad bin Muhammad al-Bajlee, the Haafidh said, "I have loved the Hanbalees since the day I saw Abu 'Abdillaah Ibn Battah." [Ibn Abee Ya`laa in Tabaqaatul Hanaabilah (2/145)]

Ibn al-'Imaad said: "…the great Imaam, the Haafidh, Ibn Battah, the Hanbalee Faqeeh and righteous servant." [Shadharaat adh-Dhahab (3/122)]

However in the field of hadeeth he has been criticized for his precision although in and of himself he is regarded to be truthful (sadooq). It is important to note that the scholars of Hadeeth have cleared him of the possibility of fabricating.

Refer to Al-Mughnee fee ad-Du`afaa (2/417), Al-Uluw (2/417), and Siyar A'alaam an-Nubalaa (16/529-533) of Adh-Dhahabee: Al-Laa`ee (1/85) of As-Suyootee, and others. A defense of him against a number of criticisms leveled against him can be found in Ibn al-Jawzee's Al-Muntadhim(7/194+) and Al-Mu`allimee's At-Tankeel (pp. 561-571).

At this point it is necessary to mention that the People of Innovation have capitalized on a statement concerning this great Imaam made by al-Haafidh Ibn Hajr al-'Asqalaanee, may Allaah have mercy on him. Using this statement they have attempted to declare this Imaam a fabricator and liar, may Allaah forgive them and us.

Ibn Hajr in his notice of Ibn Battah begins by declaring him an Imaam and then proceeds to criticize him for his lack of precision in narration. He quotes the words of Al-'Ateeqee about him that "…despite his lack of precision [in narrating] he was an Imaam in the Sunnah and an Imaam in Fiqh, possessor of miraculous events and one whose supplications were answered, may Allaah be pleased with him."

He then proceeds to mention a munkar narration concerning the Attributes of Allaah and after identifying Ibn Battah as being the source of this narration [although his being the culprit is differed over by the Scholars of Hadeeth], Ibn Hajr comments: "And I do not know what I should say about Ibn Battah after this."

It should be noted here that if Ibn Hajr thought Ibn Battah to be a liar or fabricator it would been necessary for him to mention this clearly, for the likes of this Haafidh could not possibly remain silent on such an issue.

Furthermore, as-Suyootee, may Allaah have mercy upon him, further clarifies Ibn Hajr's position on him. After quoting the above mentioned words of Ibn Hajr, he says: "I saw in the handwriting of Ibn Hajr in his notes to 'Mukhtasar al-Mawdoo`aat' of Ibn Darbaas [concerning this hadeeth], "This false addition that occurs at the end of it is not present here and so it is clear that it occurs due to the poor memory of Ibn Battah."

So in this narration Ibn Hajr explicitly clears Ibn Battah of intentional fabrication and hence his stance on him falls in line with the majority of Hadeeth Masters. Allaah knows best. [Ibn Hajr Al-'Asqalaanee in Lisaan al-Meezaan (4/134) and As-Suyootee in Al-Laa`ee al-Masnoo`ah (1/75)]

His books concerning 'Aqeedah that have been published are:

1. Al-Ibaanah al-Kubraa – in seven volumes with the checking (tahqeeq) of Yusuf bin Abdullaah al-Waabil, and
2. Ash-Sharh wal-Ibaanah – with the checking (tahqeeq) of Dr. Ridaa Nu`saan.

Ibn Battah passed away in 387H, may Allaah have mercy on him.

Author/Translator:  Abu Rumaysah. Source: Various Sources
Source: Originally published in al-manhaj .com website ( this site no more exists)


Filed under: .Islam Sunnah Salafiyyah, Scholars Biographies


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