Monday, December 26, 2011

The convert women and companions of Abu Basir after the Ceasefire and treaty by the Prophet Muhammad pbuh with the infidels

Allah's Apostle, may Allah's peace be upon him , set out at the time of Al-Hudaibiya (treaty), and when they proceeded for a distance, he said, "Khalid bin Al-Walid leading the cavalry of Quraish constituting the front of the army, is at a place called Al-Ghamim, so take the way on the right." By Allah, Khalid did not perceive the arrival of the Muslims till the dust arising from the march of the Muslim army reached him, and then he turned back hurriedly to inform Quraish.


The Prophet pbuh went on advancing till he reached the Thaniyya (i.e. a mountainous way) through which one would go to them (i.e. people of Quraish). The she-camel of the Prophet pbuh sat down. The people tried their best to cause the she-camel to get up but in vain, so they said, "Al-Qaswa' (i.e. the she-camel's name) has become stubborn! Al-Qaswa' has become stubborn!" The Prophet pbuh said, "Al-Qaswa' has not become stubborn, for stubbornness is not her habit, but she was stopped by Him Who stopped the elephant."


Then he said, "By the Name of Him in Whose Hands my soul is, if they (i.e. the Quraish infidels) ask me anything which will respect the ordinances of Allah, I will grant it to them." The Prophet pbuh then rebuked the she-camel and she got up. The Prophet pbuh  changed his way till he dismounted at the farthest end of Al-Hudaibiya at a pit (i.e. well) containing a little water which the people used in small amounts, and in a short while the people used up all its water and complained to Allah's Apostle; of thirst.


The Prophet pbuh took an arrow out of his arrow-case and ordered them to put the arrow in that pit. By Allah, the water started and continued sprouting out till all the people quenched their thirst and returned with satisfaction. While they were still in that state, Budail bin Warqa-al-Khuza'i came with some persons from his tribe Khuza'a and they were the advisers of Allah's Apostle who would keep no secret from him and were from the people of Tihama. Budail said, "I left Kab bin Luai and 'Amir bin Luai residing at the profuse water of Al-Hudaibiya and they had milch camels (or their women and children) with them, and will wage war against you, and will prevent you from visiting the Kaba." Allah's Apostle pbuh said, "We have not come to fight anyone, but to perform the 'Umra. No doubt, the war has weakened Quraish and they have suffered great losses, so if they wish, I will conclude a truce with them, during which they should refrain from interfering between me and the people (i.e. the 'Arab infidels other than Quraish), and if I have victory over those infidels, Quraish will have the option to embrace Islam as the other people do, if they wish; they will at least get strong enough to fight. But if they do not accept the truce, by Allah in Whose Hands my life is, I will fight with them defending my Cause till I get killed, but (I am sure) Allah will definitely make His Cause victorious."


Budail said, "I will inform them of what you have said." So, he set off till he reached Quraish and said, "We have come from that man (i.e. Muhammad) whom we heard saying something which we will disclose to you if you should like." Some of the fools among Quraish shouted that they were not in need of this information, but the wiser among them said, "Relate what you heard him saying." Budail said, "I heard him saying so-and-so," relating what the Prophet pbuh had told him. Urwa bin Mas'ud got up and said, "O people! Aren't you the sons? They said, "Yes." He added, "Am I not the father?" They said, "Yes." He said, "Do you mistrust me?" They said, "No." He said, "Don't you know that I invited the people of 'Ukaz for your help, and when they refused I brought my relatives and children and those who obeyed me (to help you)?" They said, "Yes." He said, "Well, this man (i.e. the Prophet) has offered you a reasonable proposal, you'd better accept it and allow me to meet him." They said, "You may meet him."


So, he went to the Prophet pbuh and started talking to him. The Prophet pbuh told him almost the same as he had told Budail. Then Urwa said, "O Muhammad! Won't you feel any scruple in extirpating your relations? Have you ever heard of anyone amongst the Arabs extirpating his relatives before you? On the other hand, if the reverse should happen, (nobody will aid you, for) by Allah, I do not see (with you) dignified people, but people from various tribes who would run away leaving you alone." Hearing that, Abu Bakr abused him and said, "Do you say we would run and leave the Prophet pbuh alone?" Urwa said, "Who is that man?" They said, "He is Abu Bakr." Urwa said to Abu Bakr, "By Him in Whose Hands my life is, were it not for the favor which you did to me and which I did not compensate, I would retort on you." Urwa kept on talking to the Prophet pbuh and seizing the Prophet's beard as he was talking while Al-Mughira bin Shu'ba was standing near the head of the Prophet pbuh, holding a sword and wearing a helmet. Whenever Urwa stretched his hand towards the beard of the Prophet pbuh , Al-Mughira would hit his hand with the handle of the sword and say (to Urwa), "Remove your hand from the beard of Allah's Apostle." Urwa raised his head and asked, "Who is that?" The people said, "He is Al-Mughira bin Shu'ba." Urwa said, "O treacherous! Am I not doing my best to prevent evil consequences of your treachery?" Before embracing Islam Al-Mughira was in the company of some people. He killed them and took their property and came (to Medina) to embrace Islam. The Prophet pbuh said (to him, "As regards your Islam, I accept it, but as for the property I do not take anything of it. (As it was taken through treason). Urwa then started looking at the Companions of the Prophet pbuh. By Allah, whenever Allah's Apostle pbuh spat, the spittle would fall in the hand of one of them (i.e. the Prophet's companions) who would rub it on his face and skin; if he ordered them they would carry his orders immediately; if he performed ablution, they would struggle to take the remaining water; and when they spoke to him, they would lower their voices and would not look at his face constantly out of respect.


Urwa returned to his people and said, "O people! By Allah, I have been to the kings  and to Caesar, Khosrau and An-Najashi, yet I have never seen any of them respected by his courtiers as much as Muhammad is respected by his companions. By Allah, if he spat, the spittle would fall in the hand of one of them (i.e. the Prophet's companions) who would rub it on his face and skin; if he ordered them, they would carry out his order immediately; if he performed ablution, they would struggle to take the remaining water; and when they spoke, they would lower their voices and would not look at his face constantly out of respect." Urwa added, "No doubt, he has presented to you a good reasonable offer, so please accept it."


A man from the tribe of Bani Kinana said, "Allow me to go to him," and they allowed him, and when he approached the Prophet pbuh and his companions, Allah's Apostle pbuh said, "He is so-and-so who belongs to the tribe that respects the Budn (i.e. camels of the sacrifice). So, bring the Budn in front of him." So, the Budn were brought before him and the people received him while they were reciting Talbiya. When he saw that scene, he said, "Glorified be Allah! It is not fair to prevent these people from visiting the Ka'ba."


When he returned to his people, he said, 'I saw the Budn garlanded (with colored knotted ropes) and marked (with stabs on their backs). I do not think it is advisable to prevent them from visiting the Ka'ba." Another person called Mikraz bin Hafs got up and sought their permission to go to Muhammad pbuh, and they allowed him, too.


When he approached the Muslims, the Prophet pbuh said, "Here is Mikraz and he is a vicious man." Mikraz started talking to the Prophet pbuh and as he was talking, Suhail bin Amr came. When Suhail bin Amr came, the Prophet pbuh said, "Now the matter has become easy."


Suhail said to the Prophet pbuh "Please conclude a peace treaty with us." So, the Prophet pbuh called the clerk and said to him, "Write: By the Name of Allah, the most Beneficent, the most Merciful." Suhail said, "As for 'Beneficent,' by Allah, I do not know what it means. So write: By Your Name O Allah, as you used to write previously." The Muslims said, "By Allah, we will not write except: By the Name of Allah, the most Beneficent, the most Merciful." The Prophet pbuh said, "Write: By Your Name O Allah." Then he dictated, "This is the peace treaty which Muhammad, Allah's Apostle has concluded." Suhail said, "By Allah, if we knew that you are Allah's Apostle we would not prevent you from visiting the Kaba, and would not fight with you. So, write: "Muhammad bin Abdullah." The Prophet pbuh said, "By Allah! I am Apostle of Allah even if you people do not believe me. Write: Muhammad bin Abdullah." (Az-Zuhri said, "The Prophet pbuh accepted all those things, as he had already said that he would accept everything they would demand if it respects the ordinance of Allah, (i.e. by letting him and his companions perform 'Umra.)"


The Prophet pbuh said to Suhail, "On the condition that you allow us to visit the House (i.e. Ka'ba) so that we may perform Tawaf around it." Suhail said, "By Allah, we will not (allow you this year) so as not to give chance to the 'Arabs to say that we have yielded to you, but we will allow you next year." So, the Prophet pbuh got that written. Then Suhail said, "We also stipulate that you should return to us whoever comes to you from us, even if he embraced your religion." The Muslims said, "Glorified be Allah! How will such a person be returned to the pagans after he has become a Muslim? While they were in this state Abu- Jandal bin Suhail bin 'Amr came from the valley of Mecca staggering with his fetters and fell down amongst the Muslims. Suhail said, "O Muhammad! This is the very first term with which we make peace with you, i.e. you shall return Abu Jandal to me." The Prophet pbuh said, "The peace treaty has not been written yet." Suhail said, "I will never allow you to keep him." The Prophet pbuh said, "Yes, do." He said, "I won't do.: Mikraz said, "We allow you (to keep him)." Abu Jandal said, "O Muslims! Will I be returned to the pagans though I have come as a Muslim? Don't you see how much I have suffered?" Abu Jandal had been tortured severely for the Cause of Allah.


Umar bin Al-Khattab said, "I went to the Prophet pbuh and said, 'Aren't you truly the Apostle of Allah?' The Prophet pbuh said, 'Yes, indeed.' I said, 'Isn't our Cause just and the cause of the enemy unjust?' He said, 'Yes.' I said, 'Then why should we be humble in our religion?' He said, 'I am Allah's Apostle and I do not disobey Him, and He will make me victorious.' I said, 'Didn't you tell us that we would go to the Ka'ba and perform Tawaf around it?' He said, 'Yes, but did I tell you that we would visit the Ka'ba this year?' I said, 'No.' He said, 'So you will visit it and perform Tawaf around it' "


Umar further said, "I went to Abu Bakr and said, 'O Abu Bakr! Isn't he truly Allah's Prophet?' He replied, 'Yes.' I said, 'Then why should we be humble in our religion?' He said, 'Indeed, he is Allah's Apostle and he does not disobey his Lord, and He will make him victorious. Adhere to him as, by Allah, he is on the right.' I said, 'Was he not telling us that we would go to the Kaba and perform Tawaf around it?' He said, 'Yes, but did he tell you that you would go to the Ka'ba this year?' I said, 'No.' He said, "You will go to Ka'ba and perform Tawaf around it." (Az-Zuhri said, " 'Umar said, 'I performed many good deeds as expiation for the improper questions I asked them.' ")


When the writing of the peace treaty was concluded, Allah's Apostle pbuh said to his companions, "Get up and' slaughter your sacrifices and get your head shaved." By Allah none of them got up, and the Prophet pbuh repeated his order thrice. When none of them got up, he left them and went to Um Salama and told her of the people's attitudes towards him. Um Salama said, "O the Prophet of Allah! Do you want your order to be carried out? Go out and don't say a word to anybody till you have slaughtered your sacrifice and call your barber to shave your head." So, the Prophet pbuh went out and did not talk to anyone of them till he did that, i.e. slaughtered the sacrifice and called his barber who shaved his head. Seeing that, the companions of the Prophet pbuh got up, slaughtered their sacrifices, and started shaving the heads of one another, and there was so much rush that there was a danger of killing each other.


Then some believing women came (to the Prophet ); and Allah revealed the following Divine Verses:-- "O you who believe, when the believing women come to you as emigrants examine them . . ." (60.10) Umar then divorced two wives of his who were infidels. Later on Muawiya bin Abu Sufyan married one of them, and Safwan bin Umaya married the other.


When the Prophet pbuh returned to Medina, Abu Basir, a new Muslim convert from Quraish came to him. The Infidels sent in his pursuit two men who said (to the Prophet ), "Abide by the promise you gave us." So, the Prophet pbuh handed him over to them.


They took him out (of the City) till they reached Dhul-Hulaifa where they dismounted to eat some dates they had with them. Abu Basir said to one of them, "By Allah, O so-and-so, I see you have a fine sword." The other drew it out (of the scabbard) and said, "By Allah, it is very fine and I have tried it many times." Abu Basir said, "Let me have a look at it." When the other gave it to him, he hit him with it till he died, and his companion ran away till he came to Medina and entered the Mosque running. When Allah's Apostle pbuh saw him he said, "This man appears to have been frightened." When he reached the Prophet pbuh he said, "My companion has been murdered and I would have been murdered too." Abu Basir came and said, "O Allah's Apostle pbuh, by Allah, Allah has made you fulfill your obligations by your returning me to them (i.e. the Infidels), but Allah has saved me from them." The Prophet pbuh said, "Woe to his mother! what excellent war kindler he would be, should he only have supporters." When Abu Basir heard that he understood that the Prophet pbuh would return him to them again, so he set off till he reached the seashore. Abu Jandal bin Suhail got himself released from them (i.e. infidels) and joined Abu Basir. So, whenever a man from Quraish embraced Islam he would follow Abu Basir till they formed a strong group. By Allah, whenever they heard about a caravan of Quraish heading towards Sham, they stopped it and attacked and killed them (i.e. infidels) and took their properties.


The people of Quraish sent a message to the Prophet pbuh requesting him for the Sake of Allah and Kith and kin to send for (i.e. Abu Basir and his companions) promising that whoever (amongst them) came to the Prophet pbuh would be secure.

So the Prophet pbuh sent for them (i.e. Abu Basir's companions) and Allah  revealed the following Divine Verses: "And it is He Who Has withheld their hands from you and your hands From them in the midst of Mecca, After He made you the victorious over them. . . . the unbelievers had pride and haughtiness, in their hearts . . . the pride and haughtiness of the time of ignorance." (48.24-26) And their pride and haughtiness was that they did not confess (write in the treaty) that he (i.e. Muhammad) was the Prophet of Allah and refused to write: "In the Name of Allah, the most Beneficent, the Most Merciful," and prevented the Mushriks from visiting the Ka'ba.

By Al-Miswar bin Makhrama and Marwan(whose narrations attest each other)


Narrated Az-Zuhri: Urwa said, "Aisha told me that Allah's Apostle pbuh used to examine the women emigrants. We have been told also that when Allah revealed the order that the Muslims should return to the pagans what they had spent on their wives who emigrated (after embracing Islam) and that the Mushriks should not. keep unbelieving women as their wives, 'Umar divorced two of his wives, Qariba, the daughter of Abu Urhaiya and the daughter of Jarwal Al-Khuza'i. Later on Mu'awlya married Qariba and Abu Jahm married the other." When the pagans refused to pay what the Muslims had spent on their wives, Allah revealed: "And if any of your wives have gone from you to the unbelievers and you have an accession (By the coming over of a woman from the other side) (Then pay to those whose wives have gone) The equivalent of what they had spent (On their Mahr)." (60.11)


So, Allah ordered that the Muslim whose wife, has gone, should be given, as a compensation of the Mahr he had given to his wife, from the Mahr of the wives of the pagans who had emigrated deserting their husbands. We do not know any of the women emigrants who deserted Islam after embracing it. We have also been told that Abu Basir bin Asid Ath-Thaqafi came to the Prophet pbuh as a Muslim emigrant during the truce. Al-Akhnas bin Shariq wrote to the Prophet pbuh requesting him to return Abu Basir.

(Sahih Bukhari) Volume 3, Book 50, Number 891.


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Saturday, December 10, 2011

WHO IS ELIGIBLE TO BE A TRUE LEADER?

Ayesha Ahsam:

Al-Baqarah, 2:124


بسم اللہ الرحمن الرحیم


And (remember) when the Lord of Ibrahim (Abraham) (i.e., ALLAH) tried him with (certain) Commands, which he fulfilled. He (ALLAH) said (to him), "Verily, I am going to make you a leader of mankind." (Ibrahim) said, "And of my offspring." (ALLAH) said, "My Covenant includes not wrong-doers."


This verse reveals that in the life of Ibrahim (A.S) there is a clear example for us to see what qualities raise someone in ranks, and the other clear message is that high ranks to be appreciated by ALLAH have to be earned by an individual’s own efforts and  cannot be inherited by fore fathers.


Prophet Ibrahim (may peace and blessings of ALLAH be upon him) was born into a typical family of that ancient time. The head of the family was not an ordinary idolater, but was one who totally rejected ALLAH and who used to make the idols with his own hands. Ibrahim (A.S) stood against his own family and against the entire system of his community. In brief, he stood against all kinds of polytheism. He is the Father of Monotheistic Faiths (Jewish, Christian and Islamic) and was named Khalil'ullah by ALLAH, which means - Friend of ALLAH - for his staunch faith in the Unseen God.


“Who can be better in religion than one who submits his whole self to ALLAH, does good, and follows the way of Abraham the true in Faith? For ALLAH did take Abraham for a Khalil (an intimate friend).” [An-Nisa: 125]


What earned Ibrahim (A.S) the great title of Khalil’ullah, and what enabled him to be the leader of mankind as said in verse [2:124] needs to be considered deeply. Ibrahim (A.S) rejected all notions and closed all doors which could lead to polytheism. He was gifted with deep insight and he used his logic to ponder on the signs of ALLAH which guided him to find the Truth of Monotheism and remain steadfast despite all hindrances.


To test his endurance and elevate his rank, ALLAH tried him with the greatest tests one could even imagine. He was tested from all aspects of human love, in all the deep relations we humans crave for, but Ibrahim (A.S) rejected and sacrificed all love bonds for the eternal love of his Lord, his Creator.


Ibrahim (A.S) was put in grave trials, his father stood strongly against him to defend the false deities of the community, his community got deadly against him and he was not even spared from being thrown in blazing fire, but nothing made him lose his strong faith in One ALLAH;

“They dug a deep pit, filled it with firewood and ignited it. They brought a catapult with which to cast Abraham into the fire. Abraham was put on the catapult, his hands and feet were tied. The fire was ready with its flame reaching the sky. The people stood away from the pit because of the great heat. Then the chief priest gave his order to cast Abraham into the fire.


The angel Gabriel came near Abraham's head and asked him: "O Abraham do you wish for anything?" Abraham replied: "NOTHING FROM YOU."


The catapult was shot and Abraham was cast into the fire. But his descent into the blaze was as descent on steps in a cool garden. The flames were still there, but they did not burn for ALLAH the Almighty had issued His command: "O fire! Be you coolness and safety for Abraham." (Ch 21:69 Quran)”


Another great test came when he was Ordered to leave his only son at that time, whom he had got in old age, and his wife Hajar in a deserted place, but this could also not come between him and his Lord for his preference as always was to submit to ALLAH without questioning ‘Why’.


“Hajar gave birth to her first son Ishmael (isma'il) when Abraham was an old man. One day, Abraham woke up and asked his wife Hajar to get her son and prepare for a long journey. In a few days Abraham started out with his wife Hajar and their son Ishmael. The child was still nursing and not yet weaned.

Abraham walked through cultivated land, desert, and mountains until he reached the desert of the Arabian Peninsula and came to an uncultivated valley having no fruit, no trees, no food, no water. The valley had no sign of life. After Abraham had helped his wife and child to dismount, he left them with a small amount of food and water which was hardly enough for 2 days. He turned around and walked away. He wife hurried after him asking: "Where are you going Abraham, leaving us in this barren valley?"

Abraham did not answer her, but continued walking. She repeated what she had said, but he remained silent. Finally she understood that he was not acting on his own initiative. she realized that ALLAH had commanded him to do this. She asked him : "Did ALLAH command you to do so?" He replied: "Yes." Then his great wife said: "We are not going to be lost, since ALLAH Who has commanded you is with us."


Prophet Ibrahim's life is a sign and an example to us. His trust in ALLAH and willful submission to Him. The sacrifice of his dearest possession, his own son, was yet another severe trial turned manifest example of his willingness to fulfill ALLAH’s Commands.


Ibrahim (A.S) surpassed all tests to prove his deep and true faith in ALLAH and ALLAH rewarded him in this life by making him not only the leader of mankind and His friend but addressed him as being the whole Ummah or nation, for Ibrahim (A.S) though he was one man but he possessed the quality and worth of a whole nation.

Verily, Abraham was an Ummah (a leader having all the good righteous qualities or a nation), obedient to ALLAH, Hanifan (to worship none but ALLAH), and he was not one of those who were Al Mushrikeen (polytheists, idolaters, disbeliveers in the Oneness of ALLAH and those who joined partners with ALLAH). He was thankful for His (ALLAH's) Graces. He (ALLAH) chose him (as an intimate friend) and guided him to a Straight Path. We gave him good in this world and in the Hereafter he shall be of the righteous. Then, We have inspired you (O Muhammad saying): "Follow the religion of Abraham Hanifan." [An-Nahl, 16:120-123]


Ref.

http://www.angelfire.com/on/ummiby1/abraham.html

http://www.amaana.org/arch/ismail.htm


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Saturday, December 3, 2011

do not be extremists

The Prophet pbuh said, "Religion is very easy and whoever overburdens  himself in his religion will not be able to continue in that way. So you should not be extremists, but try to be near to perfection and receive the good tidings that you will be rewarded; and gain strength by worshipping in the mornings, the nights." (See Fath-ul-Bari, Page 102, Vol 1).

(Sahih Bukhari) Vol 1, Bk 2,38 by Abu Huraira


The news of my daily fasting and praying every night throughout the night reached the Prophet pbuh. So he sent for me or I met him, and he said, "I have been informed that you fast everyday and pray every night (all the night). Fast (for some days) and give up fasting (for some days); pray and sleep, for your eyes have a right on you, and your body and your family (i.e. wife) have a right on you." I replied, "I have more power than that (fasting)." The Prophet pbuh said, "Then fast like the fasts of (the Prophet) David". I said, "How?" He replied, "He used to fast on alternate days, and he used not to flee on meeting the enemy." I said, "From where can I get that chance?" ('Ata' said, "I do not know how the expression of fasting daily throughout the life occurred.") So, the Prophet pbuh said, twice, "Whoever fasts daily throughout his life is just as the one who does not fast at all." (Sahih Bukhari) Vol 3, Bk 31,198 by Abdullah bin 'Amr


The Prophet pbuh never fasted in any month more than in the month of Sha'ban. He used to say, "Do those deeds which you can do easily, as Allah will not get tired (of giving rewards) till you get bored  and tired (of performing religious deeds)." The most beloved prayer to the Prophet was the one that was done regularly (throughout the life) even if it were little. And whenever the Prophet offered a prayer he used to offer it regularly .(Sahih Bukhari) Vol 3, Bk 31,191' by Aisha


When Allah's Messenger (may peace he upon him) delivered the sermon, his eyes became red, his voice rose. and his anger increased so that he was like one giving a warning against the enemy and saying:" The enemy has made a morning attack on you and in the evening too." He would also say:" The last Hour and I have been sent like these two." and he would join his forefinger and middle finger, and would further say:" The best of the speech is embodied in the Book of Allah, and the beet of the guidance is the guidance given by Muhammad pbuh. And the most evil affairs are their innovation  , and every innovation  is error." He would further say:, I am more dear to a Muslim even than his self, and he who left behind property that is for his family. and he who dies under debt or leaves children (in helplessness). the responsibility (of paying his debt and bringing up his children) lies on me." (Sahih Muslim) Chapter 159, Bk  4,1885 By Jabir b. Abdullah


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