Q: Are women obliged to perform Adhaan (call to Prayer) or Iqaamah (call to start the Prayer) at the time of Salah (Prayer)?
A: Men are obliged to perform Adhaan and Iqaamah. This is Mashru` (Islamically permissible) for them, even if the man is alone, because Adhaan and Iqaamah are a collective obligation on a group of people – that is, if one of them performs it, the others are excused from this obligation. If one man performs Adhaan and Iqaamah, this will be enough. There was controversy concerning their obligation on one man as well as the person who should perform them, if it is only one man who should perform Adhaan and Iqaamah. As for women, they are not obliged to perform either Adhaan or Iqaamah, as the matter of calling to congregational Prayer is related to men only,
(Part No. 6; Page No. 352)
as well as that of informing the people of the times of Prayers. Women perform Salah at home, and are not obliged to that matter. We mean that women are not obliged to perform Adhaan or Iqaamah. They should start Salah with Takbeer (saying: “Allahu Akbar [Allah is the Greatest]“) and perform it in the way men do. However, women are not obliged to perform Adhaan or Iqaamah because there is no evidence on this matter.
Fatwas of Nur `Ala Al-Darb