Thursday, January 28, 2016

The Sunnah: the second form of revelation

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Allaah, Almighty, Says (what means): "This day have I perfected your religion for you and completed my favor upon you and have chosen for you Islam as your religion." [Quran; 5: 3]

Amongst the believers there is no doubt about this way of life called Islam. It is a complete way of life. The Creator of the heavens and the earth has not left anything out of this glorious religion (way of life) of His. As the above verse states that this religion is perfect and complete. However, something new has come in fairly recent years from Satan, concerning the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allaah, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam. It has been suggested by him to the hearts of some of the Muslims that the Quran, as Glorious as it is, is sufficient enough alone as guidance for mankind. Meaning that the Sunnah is something that can be left off, or abandoned. Surely this is a disease that has no place in this wonderful religion (Islam).

In order to address this issue we must ask ourselves an important question. How do we worship Allaah? Do we worship Him any way we want? Is there a correct methodology to worshipping Allaah? Is it sufficient for us to say and do whatever it is that we feel is worship and then call it worship and it will be accepted as such? Let us consider the saying of Allaah (which means): "O you who believe! Obey Allaah and obey the Messenger, and make not vain your deeds!"[Quran; 47: 33]

You must know that the Quran and the Sunnah do not contradict one another, rather they complement one another. When Allaah Says in this verse that the Messenger, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, is to be obeyed, he is not only talking to that honorable group of Muslims that accompanied the Prophet, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, during his lifetime. He is speaking to all of the Muslims that will come up until the Last Day.

Similarly, no one is ready to conceive the notion that when Allaah, Says (what means): “O you who believe!” that the only ones who believe are the Muslims who were with the Prophet, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, at that time and no one after them believed and no one else will ever believe! This would be grossly limiting the Quran.

Satan is crafty! He may then try to sway your thinking from another angle. He may say that the Quran is simple to understand and that it needs no explanation. For it is true that Allaah Says (what means): "We have indeed made the Quran easy to understand and remember" [Quran; 54: 32]

However, although the Quran is easy to understand, it does need to be explained so that it is properly understood. Allaah Says (what means): "And when We have recited it to you [O Muhammad through Jibreel (Gabriel)] then follow you its (The Quran's) recital. Then it is for Us (Allaah) to make it clear (to you)." [Quran; 75: 18,19]

Surely if the Quran had to be made clear to the Messenger, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, then how much more so to you and I?

Allaah Says (what means):  "…And We have sent down unto you (O Muhammad) the Reminder, that you may explain clearly to men what is sent down to them, and that they may give thought." [Quran; 16: 44]

In this verse, Allaah is exhorting the Messenger, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, to not merely recite the Quran but to explain it as well. Obviously, some explanation is required even to the most pious of men.

Furthermore, giving the needed details to carry out certain commands given in the Quran was another very vital role played by the Sunnah. For example, Allaah commands us to establish the Prayers and to pay the obligatory charity (Zakaah), saying (what means): “And establish the prayers and give Zakaah (the obligatory charity) and bow with those who bow [in worship and obedience].” [Quran; 2:43] Yet, nowhere in the Quran does Allaah give the required details to implement His command, and it was the Sunnah that gave us all the details of the how, when, who of this command.

Additionally, Allaah Says (what means): "…(And) if you differ in anything amongst yourselves, refer it to Allaah and His Messenger, if you believe in Allaah and the Last Day. That is better and more suitable for final determination." [Quran; 4: 59]

Once again, if we try to leave off the importance of the Sunnah, then how do we implement this verse of the Quran? Allaah orders us to refer our differences to Him. This means for us to seek our answers from the Quran. He also attaches the Messenger, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, to that particular order when He stated for us to refer to Him. If we leave off the Sunnah then this part of the verse has no meaning. Allaah Says (what means): "Whoever obeys the Messenger, has obeyed Allaah." [Quran; 4: 80]

And (what means): "Say (O Muhammad): If you (really) love Allaah, then follow me, Allaah will love you and forgive you your sins." [Quran; 3: 31]

How can the Muslims of today follow the Prophet, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, and not refer to his Sunnah? How can we say that we love Allaah and not try to follow the methodology of His Prophet, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam?

Finally I would like to conclude with a Hadeeth (narration) from the Messenger of Allaah, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, that was collected by Imaam Maalik, may Allaah have mercy upon him, in his book called Muwatta. The Prophet, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, said: "I have left behind two matters. Those who hold fast to them will never go astray: The Book of Allaah and the Sunnah of His Messenger."

The reason that many of the Muslims are going astray today is because they are not only leaving off the Sunnah but they are leaving the Quran as well! If you are not giving the Sunnah its rights, then you are not giving the Quran its rights.

Without the Sunnah then the second statement of your Shahaadah (testimony of faith) also has no meaning.

 

The story of Saba’

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All perfect praise is due to Allaah; I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allaah and that Muhammad is His Slave and Messenger; may Allaah exalt his mention, as well as his family and all his companions.

Allaah Says (what means): “There was for [the tribe of] Saba’ in their dwelling place a sign: two [fields of] gardens on the right and on the left. [They were told]: 'Eat from the provisions of your Lord and be grateful to Him. A good land [you have], and a forgiving Lord.' But they turned away [refusing], so We sent upon them the flood of the dam [i.e. the overwhelming flood that caused a break in their dam], and We replaced their two [fields of] gardens with gardens of bitter fruit, tamarisks and something of sparse lote trees. [By] that We repaid them because they disbelieved. And do We [thus] repay except the ungrateful?And We placed between them and the cities which We had blessed [In the lands of what is now southern Syria and Palestine] [many] visible cities. And We determined between them the [distances of] journey [i.e., We placed the intermediate settlements at calculated distances for the convenience of travellers.], [saying]: 'Travel between them by night or by day in safety.' But [insolently] they said: 'Our Lord! Lengthen the distance between our journeys,' and wronged themselves, so We made them narrations [i.e., their story became a tale related amongst people to take an example from] and dispersed them in total dispersion. Indeed in that are signs for everyone patient and grateful. And Satan had already confirmed through them [i.e. the people of Saba’] his assumption [i.e., that mankind could readily be misled by him.], so they followed him, except for a party of believers. And he had over them no authority except [it was decreed] that We might make evident who believes in the Hereafter from who is thereof in doubt. And your Lord, over all things, is Guardian.” [Quran 34: 15-21]
 
The people of Saba’ were the kings of Yemen and Balqees, the wife of Sulaymaan, may Allaah exalt his mention, was from them. The people of Saba lived happy and joyful lives that were full of blessings; their sustenance was abundant and their trees and plants very fruitful. Allaah sent messengers to them, instructing them to eat from what He had provided for them and show gratitude towards Him, as well as to worship Him alone and believe in His oneness. They adhered to these instructions for a while, but then shunned His commandments, and were thus punished by a flood on their land.
 
Ibn ‘Abbaas, may Allaah be pleased with him, narrated that a man came to the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallamand asked him whether Saba’ was a name of a man, a woman or a land; the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam answered by saying: “It is the name of a man who had ten children from his progeny, all of whom were Arab; six of them later lived in Yemen and four in Shaam (i.e., ancient Syria). The ones in Yemen were later known as the tribes of Mathhij, Kindah, Al-Azd, Al-Ashaa’iriyyoon, Anmaar and Himyar. As for the ones who lived in Shaam, they were to be the known tribes of Lakhm, Juthaam, ‘Aamilah and Ghassaan.”[Ahmad]
 
Imaam Ibn Katheer, may Allaah have mercy upon him, said: “The meaning of the saying of the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam: “…who had ten children from his progeny, all of whom were Arab”is that these ten descended from his offspring, to whom all the Arab tribes originate. It does not mean that they were his direct children, because between him and some of them were two or three generations, and more in some cases. After the flood of the dam hit their area, some remained in their land, while others left to other locations.” End of quote.
 
The sign that Allaah gave to them refers to their land, which was blessed with fields of gardens, as well as being protected from afflictions, all of which necessitated gratitude. These gardens yielded enough fruits to suffice them, so they were overwhelmed by the happiness of being free from need. Allaah commanded them to express gratitude for these favours, namely:
 
1.    The abundant provision He provided for them from these two gardens.
2.    Good land, a beautiful climate and few cases of sickness (i.e., they rarely became sick due to the nice weather Allaah blessed them with).
3.    The forgiveness they were promised in return for expressing gratitude towards Allaah.
 
Instead of continuing to be thankful, they turned away and shunned the commandments of Allaah; they shunned monotheism and His worship, and refused to be thankful; they began worshipping the sun instead of Allaah, as the hoopoe bird informed Sulaymaan, may Allaah exalt his mention, saying, as Allaah informs us what means: “… 'I have come to you from Saba' with certain news. Indeed, I found there a woman ruling them, and she has been given of all things, and she has a great throne. I found her and her people prostrating to the sun instead of Allaah, and Satan has made their deeds pleasing to them and averted them from [His] way, so they are not guided.” [Quran27: 22-24]
 
The flood that Allaah sent upon them comprised of a huge amount of water, which resulted in the total destruction of their gardens; their fruitful trees were rendered into others that were useless, bearing bitter fruits.
 
Look what happened to them! Look how their gardens, with their fruitful trees, pleasant shade and fine natural views, were rendered into thorns and trees with bitter fruits, all of which resulted from their ungratefulness, their refusal of the truth and their association with Allaah. What was the result? “…That We repaid them”meaning that they were punished.
 
Allaah knew that these people needed to travel in order to conduct trade with people of other villages, so He facilitated for them the means to reach these places for trade in a very easy manner, without them having to encounter any difficulties or feeling fearful in the least whilst on their journeys. This was another of the favours that Allaah had bestowed upon them. There were villages along their way which were close in distance, so that they would not have to carry much provision and water for their trips; also, the way to their destination was simple and well-known so that they would not get lost. Their travel was safe, regardless of whether they travelled during the day or by night, as an additional bounty.
 
Nonetheless, they did not appreciate these bounties and favours from Allaah, and instead of being grateful, they requested that Allaah make their trips lengthy. They became very ungrateful and supplicated for distances that demanded large amounts of provision for their trips; therefore, their journeys became frightening ones, which also required much effort to complete. These people acted just as the children of Israel did with Prophet Moosaa, may Allaah exalt his mention, when they requested him to provide them with green herbs, cucumbers, garlic, lentils and onions instead of having the bountiful provisions and life that Allaah had provided them with; this is why Allaah addressed the children of Israel saying what means: “…'Would you exchange what is better for what is less? Go into [any] settlement and indeed, you will have what you have asked.' And they were covered with humiliation and poverty and returned with anger from Allaah [upon them]…” [Quran 2: 61]
 
The punishment that befell them was exemplary; an illustration for people of how they would instigate the punishment of Allaah if they were to ever act with ungratefulness. Also, it is a lesson for the afflicted to persevere through hardships; it is also proof that punishment befalls the disobedient in this life prior to the one they will face in the Hereafter. Mutarraf, may Allaah be pleased with him, used to say: “The best slave is he who when blessed gives thanks and when afflicted, perseveres.”
 
Suhayb ibn Sinaan,may Allaah be pleased with him, narrated that the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said: “How wonderful is the case of a believer! There is goodness for him in everything, and this is not the case with anyone except for a believer. If prosperity attends him, he expresses gratitude to Allaah, and that is good for him; and if adversity befalls him, he endures it patiently, and that is also good for him.”[Muslim]
 
Satan has taken a vow to mislead mankind, as Allaah informs us, saying what means: “[Satan] said: 'By your might, I will surely mislead them all. Except, among them, Your chosen servants.'” [Quran 38: 82-83] Satan was not certain of what he would do, because he could not have been; this is due to the fact that what would happen in the future was something of the unknown and unseen for him, and thus it was merely an assumption on his part. The people of Saba in general are amongst those for whom Satan’s assumption came true, and they indeed followed his way. On the other hand, there was a group of them who did not follow Satan, and these were thus included in the exception mentioned in the abovementioned verses of Chapter Saad.
 
Allaah affirms that Satan has no power or authority over people to force them to do anything; Imaam Al-Hasan Al-Basri, may Allaah have mercy upon him, said: “I swear by Allaah! Satan has no stick with him with which he hits people to (force them to) follow his way; this is nothing but whispers and self-delusion on the part of people – he simply calls people, and they respond.” End of quote.
 
The wisdom behind allowing Satan to do what he does and whisper to people is to test them and make evident those amongst them who are truthful, and those who are liars.
 
There are many lessons one can derive from this great story, the following are but some of them:
 
·       The people of Saba are a real life example to anyone who even contemplates being rebellious to the commands of Allaah, or ungrateful regarding His favours. Allaah warns people, especially the rich amongst them, to not follow in the footsteps of the people of Saba or imitate them, lest the same punishment befalls them.
·       It is mentioned in many places in the Qur’aan that certain disbelievers enjoyed gardens and fruits, but these gardens were squandered and eventually faced destruction; this story is one such example. Another example concerns Pharaoh and his people, about whom Allaah Says
(what means): “So We removed them from gardens and springs. And treasures and honourable station – Thus. And We caused to inherit it the Children of Israel.” [Quran 26: 57-59]
·       Allaah is the only Provider and Sustainer.
·       The punishment of Allaah follows very quickly when people are rebellious and shun His commands. It is the way of Allaah that whenever people shun His commandments He sends punishment down upon them, and there are numerous verses in the Qur’aan addressing this issue, such as the saying of Allaah which means: “And Allaah presents an example: a city [i.e., Makkah] which was safe and secure, its provision coming to it in abundance from every location, but it denied the favours of Allaah. So Allaah made it taste the envelopment of hunger and fear for what they had been doing.” [Quran 16: 112]
·       If the slave does not thank Allaah for a favour, his punishment could be through that very favour. Water was one of the favours that the people of Saba had been bestowed with, and they were punished with it when they were ungrateful for it and shunned the commands of Allaah.
·       Allaah never punishes people without them being deserving of it due to their sinning and disobedience, as Allaah Says what means: “…And We would not destroy the cities except while their people were wrongdoers.” [Quran 28: 59]
·   Only those who persevere and are grateful would benefit from the lessons of the Qur’aan and the signs of Allaah, despite the fact that all people observe these signs, yet the heedless never benefit from them, as Allaah Says what means: “And how many a sign within the heavens and the earth do they pass over while they, therefrom, are turning away.” [Quran 12: 105]
 
There are three types of perseverance:
·   In performing acts of obedience
·   In refraining from prohibitions
·   During decrees of Allaah that are painful
 
There are three ways of expressing gratitude to Allaah:
·   By the heart: through having it devoted to the One bestowing the favours, and acknowledging that He is the source of all favours.
·   By the limbs: through continuously being obedient to Him and using His favours in ways that please Him.
·   By the tongue: through the repeated mentioning, praising and glorification of Him.

The intention of the student

Intention is an act of worship; it is via one’s intention that an action becomes an act of worship by which one is rewarded, and it is through one’s intention that an act of worship may become a sin whereby one is punished. The student, therefore, while traversing the path of knowledge, should always check his intention and ensure that it is as Allah wishes for His pious slaves.

The scholars stated that the student of knowledge should intend the following with his pursuit of knowledge :

 

  1. The Pleasure of Allah.
  2. Reward on the Day of Judgment.
  3. The removal of ignorance from himself.
  4. The removal of ignorance from others.
  5. Defending the Qur’an and the Sunnah.
  6. Thanking Allah for the blessing of intellect.

 

He should be wary from:

  1. Desiring the Dunya with his knowledge.
  2. Wanting the people to turn to him for knowledge.
  3. Desiring rank and position in the Dunya.
  4. Boasting with his knowledge and memorization.

The Ruling on Using Internet Matrimonial Websites and Forums

The Ruling on Using Internet Matrimonial Websites and Forums

Shaykh Sālim Bāmihriz حفظه الله

Question: There are some matrimonial Internet websites. These sites assist those looking for marriage. What is the ruling on women who are searching for marriage using these sites and what is the legislative manner of searching for marriage and the woman presenting herself for marriage?

Answer: May Allāh bless you, this way is traversed upon by most of the people of falsehood, and they use them to prey upon women and commit corruption thereafter. I do not advise the Salafī man nor the Salafī woman to utilize this means. She is to simply make it known amongst her sisters and brothers that she is looking for a righteous husband; likewise, the man is to make it known amongst  his brothers and sisters that she is looking for a righteous wife, and supplicate to Allāh, the Exalted, for Tawfīq. And Allāh's Aid is sought.

Translated by Raha Batts

Answered via WhatsApp


The Day Hitler Became Dictator

Imgres

On this day in March 23 1933 the The Enabling Act was passed that gave Hitler dictatorial powers.
Everyone should remember how a "civilised", hard working, clever, ordered Christian nation embraced an evil, racist, nationalistic European idea called Fascism.

It still exists today.

Its proponents are still being elected.

News papers (or propaganda papers) still feed its evil narrative and politicians rise to been seen on it's poisoned platform. Headlines today about Jews in Germany are the same word for word as those during the Nazi rise to power except for one word: Take out "Jew "and replace with "Muslim." The Daily Mail which supported the fascists here before the war spews bile now about Islam and Muslims.

Take some time to remind yourself that within Europeans there exists a vicious, racist, supremacist, xenophobic undercurrent and read about Hitler's rise to power! The idea of multiculturalism is something that modern Europeans are historically new to, and you can see from Cameron's misguided and ill informed "multiculturalism is dead" speech (ironically delivered in Germany) in Feb 2011, where he expounds the academically discredited theory on "non-violent Islamic extremism" being a path to terrorism, and how these non-violent Muslim extremists (read please "ordinary practicing Muslims") will be sidelined. We have seen how the goal posts have moved from then until now where there is talk of ASBOS for "radical" (whatever that is...make it up as you go along) preachers and passport confiscation and even making people stateless!

Forgive me for thinking that this is looking increasingly like a fascist state rather than a democratic one! There is some real irony in this since one of the factors that the government uses to identify one as a radical, non-violent extremist is rejection of democracy. Although I am tempted to dive deeper into the question of what actually democracy exactly is I won't, at least not here! Suffice to say that this government seems to have distinctly fewer democratic principles than quite a few radical nonviolent extremist Muslims. Where this conveyor belt to extremism theory ironically does seem to have some milage, is not so much when it comes to Islam and Muslims, but rather when it comes to the right wing and the Conservative Party.

Multiculturalism and living together with mutual respect and tolerance doesn't come that easily to most Europeans. They had a pretty hard time accepting that anyone might have a different interpretation of Christianity even from amongst themselves and were happily slaughtering each other for hundreds of years over theological differences that makes the Shia / Sunni divide look like a mild altercation. Jews have been horrifically persecuted throughout European history, the Holocaust only being the most extreme manfiestation of it, and let's not forget the Crusades! So perhaps we should not expect too much as Muslims living in the midst of these rather multiculturally awkward people. We Muslims have been gifted with the blessing of divine guidance that has bequeathed us a shinning example of religious tolerance from which shone forth over a thousand years of real civilization where not only did Jews, Christians, Zoroastrians, Hindus and many others live peaceably together, but other religions even had their own legal systems to judge by! Put that in your muscular liberal watch out for creeping shariah pipe and smoke it!

To be fair European history has had few historical successes. The Roman Empire was pretty multicultural and relatively tolerant, but expected offerings to be made to the Roman gods, including of course the Emperor. Jews and Christians wouldn't, so massacres and persecutions followed.  Another success story, and perhaps one of the greatests of course was under the Muslims in Spain, the convivencia in Sicily under the Normans another, and the Austro-Hungarian empire, both of which I suspect took their lead from the shining example of the Muslim world.

Living together with our differences takes a patience and intelligence sadly lacking among many of our (I use this word hesitantly) leaders today, who would rather pander to the worst in human nature than cultivate the best in it.

‘Alee’s Advice To His Governors

‘Alee Ibn Abee Taalib said:

“The ruin of society results from the poverty of its people; and the poverty of the people results from the greed of governors and their focus on collecting taxes.” [Al-Wilaayah ‘Alaa Al-Buldaan, 2/153]

‘Alee Ibn Abee Taalib said to Qays Ibn Sa’d when he sent him to Egypt as the new governor:

“Take troops with you until you get there, because that will be more frightening to your enemies and more encouraging to your followers.” [Al-Kamil Fit-Taareekh, 2/354]

‘Alee Ibn Abee Taalib said to one of his governors:

“The closest of your troop commanders should be those who would offer the most help and support to the people under them. Be generous with them from your resources so that they will have enough for themselves and their families (i.e, pay the mujahideen), and so that they will all focus equally on jihaad against the enemy, for your compassion towards them will make their hearts inclined towards you.” [Nahj Al-Balaaghah, p. 613]

‘Alee Ibn Abee Taalib said:

“Do not try to strengthen your authority by shedding blood that is protected by divine law, for that is going to shake and weaken it; (and) it will cause its decline and loss.” [Sharh Nahj Al-Balaaghah, p. 627]

‘Alee Ibn Abee Taalib said:

“Remember that there is nothing that the leader can do to make the people under him think more positively of him better than treating them kindly, reducing the burden on them. Doing this will create an atmosphere of mutual trust and positive thinking, because mutual trust will prevent a lot of trouble. The one who is more deserving of your trust is the one who tries his best to help you. This is disciplining with reward and punishment.”

‘Alee Ibn Abee Taalib said to one of his governors:

“Check on those people who cannot meet you, people who are looked down on by others and to whom people show disrespect; allocate to these people a man whom you trust is pious and humble, and let him tell you about their needs.” [Nahj Al-Balaaghah, p. 621]

‘Alee Ibn Abee Taalib said:

“The governors’ creating a barrier between themselves and the people represents a kind of hardship and lack of knowledge of what is happening. Keeping away from them creates a barrier that may make them (the governors)  have no idea of what they (the masses) are deprived of. A prominent man may become insignificant in their eyes, and an insignificant man may become prominent; what is bad may become good and vice versa; and the truth will be mixed with falsehood.” [Nahj Al-Balaaghah, p. 624]

‘Alee Ibn Abee Taalib wrote a letter to his cousin Qatham Ibn Al-‘Abbaas saying:

“There should not be any envoy between you and the people except your tongue, and no gatekeeper except your face.” [Nahj Al-Balaaghah, p. 647]

‘Alee Ibn Abee Taalib advised his governors to provide a secure environment that enables people under him to discuss their problems in a safe atmosphere and without any fear. He said concerning this:

“Allocate some of your time for those who need something from you, and sit with them in a public gathering. Show humility towards Allaah Who created you, and keep away from that gathering your soldiers, helpers, bodyguards and police, so that they may be able to speak to you without stumbling over their words.” [Nahj Al-Balaaghah, p. 622]

‘Alee Ibn Abee Taalib said to one of his governors:

“Your position is not a reward, rather it is a trust placed on your shoulders, and you are responsible to those above you.” [Nahj Al-Balaaghah, p. 525]

‘Alee Ibn Abee Taalib said:

“Discuss a great deal with the scholars, and talk with the wise people so as to establish that which serves  the interest of your province and that which serves the interest of the people.” [Nahj Al-Balaaghah, p. 610]

‘Alee Ibn Abee Taalib wrote to his governor Qaradhah Ibn Ka’b Al-Ansaare saying:

“Some of the dhimmis and manual workers mentioned a river in their land that disappeared and was buried. They have the right that the Muslims should develop it, so get together and see what you can do, then develop it and restore the river, for by Allaah, developing the lands around the river is dearer to me than if they were to leave and fall short in their duties that could serve the best interests of the land.” [Tareekh Al-Ya’qoobee, 2/203]

‘Alee Ibn Abee Taalib said to one of his governors:

“Look at the affairs of your workers, and employ them on a probationary basis. Do not appoint them on the basis of favouritism and preferences, because that will lead to injustice Seek those who have experience and are modest, people from righteous families who have seniority in Islaam, as they are nobler in character and better in background, have less worldly ambitions and are more farsighted. Then be generous in giving them salaries, for that will help them to take care of themselves and make them have no need of what they are handling, and leave them with no excuse to disobey you or betray you. Check in their work, and send spies from among the trustworthy and loyal people to spy on them, for your checking on them secretly would motivate them to be sincere and kind to the people. If one of them makes a treacherous move, you will get news of him through your spies, and that will be proof enough for you; then you will be able to punish him physically and hold him responsible for his mistakes in his work, and to bring humiliation upon him, and label him as a betrayer, putting around his neck a necklace of shame.” [Sharh Nahj Al-Balaaghah, p. 616]

He also said regarding this:

“Look at the situation of your workers, and appoint them after you test them. Do not appoint them on the basis of favouritism or for personal reasons. It is essential to carry our preliminary tests on a person whom you plan to employ for some job. The leader has to keep away from personal reasons when employing or promoting people to high positions.” [Nahj Al-Balaaghah, p. 618]

‘Alee Ibn Abee Taalib sent a letter to Al-Ashtar An-Nakha’i, his governor in Egypt, in which he said:

“Then select to judge between people one whom you think is the best of your people, one who is unflappable, who does not get offended by opponents, who does not get carried away if he makes  mistake, who will not refrain from turning towards the truth when he recognises it, who does not have greed and ambitions, who is not content with one explanation only before listening to all others, who takes his time and does not rush into passing judgement on ambiguous issues, who relies most on evidence, who does not get annoyed with people referring to him and coming back to him, who is most patient in studying and examining the case until it becomes clear, who is the most decisive once the verdict become clear in his mind, who does not become too proud if h is praised and is not tempted easily. Such men are few. Then check regularly on the way he handles cases, and be generous towards him so that he will not be in  state of poverty or need, and thus he will not need people. Show great respect to him, so that no one could hope to get his way with him of people who are close to you, and so that he can feel safe and secure with you from the aggression of people close to you.” [Nidhaam Al-Hukm by Al-Qaasimee, 2/103]


Filed under: Miscellaneous

Ibn al-Jawzi: “When a person anticipates what his Hawā..”

When a person anticipates what his Hawā is calling him to prior to attaining it, he should then reflect on his state after his satisfaction has passed, he should compare this between his satisfaction and his sin, for that is when he will know that he has lost double of what he has gained.

A poet said regarding this:

How much satisfaction that provoked happiness

Ended up revealing sadness and sorrow

How many desires ripped from their participants

The garment of religion and virtue

Know that when a human acts in accordance to his Hawā, he will find himself in disgrace and humiliation, even if this Hawā does not harm him, that is because he feels subdued by his Hawā, but when he overcomes his Hawā, he will find in himself honor and pride as he will feel triumphant and victorious. For this reason, when people see an ascetic they become amazed by him, and they would kiss his hand [to show respect] because they perceive him as a person who is strong enough to leave what they were weak in the face of and that is disobeying Hawā.

Disciplining the Soul; Tibb al-Ruhāni | Ibn al-Jawzi


Privacy in Islam 101: Do You Have Children?

“Anyone who asks a woman who has been married for several years and does not have a child 'why?' is a monster,” I think to myself as I hang up the phone after calming one of my dearest friends down. She does not have children, has been married for 15 years and is often asked intrusive questions by well-meaning people. Some that break her.

Are you one of them? Can I talk to you please.

Leave people alone.

Your 'innocent' comments may be pushing someone over the edge. You are scratching a wound as deep as her soul that may be healing slowly, cell by cell, and your question just made the wound ooze again, spreading sepsis to her core. Don't you think she already knows she doesn't have a child? That she already knows she should pray or is praying every night for a child? Or that, yes, she has heard that so-and-so was granted a miracle after x number of years a billion times? And waiting for her miracle is the hardest test she has ever had or will have of her faith?

You don't know how many times she may have cursed her empty womb, fraught with guilt, or fought between her desire for a child and her love for a husband who was not given the blessing of siring.

Unless you have personally suffered through this trial yourself, you don't know how it feels. Unless you are ready to hold her hand through hours at the doctor's office, or wipe her tears after the infinite micro-aggressions, taunts or threats of divorce she hears, or feel the pain of the uncountable miscarriages she labors through, or convince her irate husband to get treated himself, then be quiet and stay quiet after she tells you she doesn't have any children.

Do you think that they, as a couple, would not have researched all options? Or that 'get checked up' is news to her?

For the love of God, please.

Aspiring to a Higher Ethos

I am upset because we, as a community, as a civilized society, should be above this. Over and over, I hear stories of women whose lives are made miserable by others – husbands and in-laws, neighbors, extended family, people from the masjid or community center and even total strangers because they have not had a child. We want a community who has a high ethos, a high character, and we cannot tolerate this behavior any longer.

We are better than this. We aspire to Jannah where there will be clean souls and clean hearts; we need to prepare our tongues for Jannah now.

There are general rules of etiquette (akhlaq and adab) that we, as human beings, must adhere to, and then there are specific manners that are incumbent upon all Muslims. Refrain from asking questions of a personal nature, don't ask why/why not.  A person's private life is exactly that – private. Unless they invite you into their private life, there is a hurmat (sanctity) that we have to maintain. We learn this from the following verses of the Qur'an:

24_27

'Do not enter any houses except your own homes unless you are sure of their occupants' consent' (24:27)

49_12

'Do not spy on one another' (49:12)

Many lessons can be learnt about the importance of privacy from the following hadith: it was narrated from Abu Hurayrah raḍyAllāhu 'anhu (may Allāh be pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allah ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) said:

“Part of a person's being a good Muslim is leaving alone that which does not concern him.” al-Tirmidhi (2318)

Abu 'Ubaydah narrated that al-Hasan al-Basri said: One of the signs of Allah's turning away from a man is that he becomes involved in that which does not concern him, as a sign that Allah, may He be glorified and exalted, has left him to his own devices.

Infertility

Infertility is a medical diagnosis (the inability to conceive after one year of trying or the inability to carry a pregnancy to live birth) and one with serious psychological and emotional ramifications. It also can be, especially for Muslims, a spiritual crisis.

shutterstock_56943808

 

Infertility is  a trial that Allah has given to our brothers and sisters. Yes, brothers too, as infertility is not only a women's issue. Approximately 15 percent of couples are infertile, and among these couples, male factor infertility accounts for approximately 50 percent of causes. According to the Mayo Clinic, male infertility can be caused by impaired sperm production, function or delivery. Female infertility can be related to fallopian tube damage, ovulation disorders, endometriosis and uterine conditions.

It is Allah who chooses who to give a child to and who not to give a child to:

 

42_49 42_50

“To Allah belongs the kingdom of the heavens and the earth. He creates what He wills. He bestows female (offspring) upon whom He wills, and bestows male (offspring) upon whom He wills. Or He bestows both males and females and He renders barren whomever He wills. Verily, He is the all-Knower and is Able to do all things.” [Qur'an 42:49-50]

Secondary infertility is a huge trial as well, when, after one child, a woman cannot conceive again. Secondary infertility is a test that some couples face when they have the first child easily but have issues conceiving again. Sometimes, however, secondary infertility stems from complications related to prior pregnancies. Changes in the couple's risk factors, such as age, weight and use of certain medications, can also contribute to secondary infertility.

Need for Sensitivity

One common, often-heard jab that women share is, “Keep your opinions about parenting to yourself because you do not have a child.” To those who make this statement, I ask this question: Is this gift of a child a miracle of your own making? Were you blessed with children without the permission of Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He)?

There are many wonderful people who are not parents, but are the best people to have in your child's life. Many childless women have shared that they like to hear about your children, they love being a part of the lives of the children around them, and are often cruelly rebuked or denied taking pleasure in other people's children.

Let your friends who don't have children become the Aishas raḍyAllāhu 'anha (may Allāh be pleased with her) in your child's life. It will bring all of you great joy.

Some women do say they wish their friends would talk about a topic other than children from time to time.

One of the worst kinds of comments is to mention other people whose suffering was supposedly worse yet they have gotten over it more quickly and grown from it, says a sister who has been trying to conceive for several years; the implication here is that the couple is not meeting a “Muslimy” standard and are at fault for not showing adequate sabr.

There's another type of commentor who won't say anything directly but will try to undermine all other accomplishments/positive things of a childless woman by emphasizing 'how meaningless life is without children'! Don't be that person. A person can lead a very fulfilling life without children.

If you find it socially awkward, then try to find something else to comment on. She may be a great cook, organizer, artist or traveler – comment on that.

Then there is the case of women who do not want children – they know that they do not have it in them to take the responsibility of caring for another human being for 18 years.

So the bottom line is that we need to stop making assumptions.

Here are 12 things not to say to someone who has confided in you about their battle with infertility. Many times you may be a good person and really mean no ill will towards the person. At that moment if you find it really hard to say something or have an impulse to say something that that you shouldn't, just say a heartfelt “I'm sorry” — that is plenty.

Muslim Fertility Project

The Prophet sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allaah exalt his mention ) said: “Wonderful is the case of a believer – there is good for him in everything, and this is only for the believer. If he experiences a blessing, he is grateful to Allah – which is good for him; and if he experiences an adversity, he is patient – which is also good for him.” [Muslim]

I hope the men and women who are taunted have the spiritual strength to forgive those who hurt them with their words, and may Allah may it easy for you to continue to bear this test from Him with grace and dignity.

The Prophet sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allaah exalt his mention ) said: “Whatever trouble, illness, anxiety, grief, pain or sorrow afflicts a Muslim even if it is the pricking of a thorn – Allah removes in its places some of his sins.” (Bukhari, Muslim).

Many times people have nowhere to turn to grieve, to deal with the belittlement, to share their experiences.  This article had been sitting in drafts for a long time, maybe waiting for this wonderful new project:

LAUNCHED: Muslim Fertility Project launches with a survey for Muslim women struggling to have a 1st or 2nd child. Here's how you can help:

  • SHARE the video & encourage women to take the survey here: Muslim Fertility Survey
  • DONATE to help launch a national support group for Muslim women struggling with infertility. Learn more & donate here: MFP Donations
  • FORWARD an email about this study to your friends and email lists. Please email MuslimFertilityProject@gmail.com to request the official email about the study (or message us directly on our Facebook page). And don't forget to
  • LIKE this page for updates -> Muslim Fertility Project

Here is a link to a Facebook support group for women who struggle with infertility.

Muslimmatters?i=vWDiJZDuUQU:eoieaYIj9DY: Muslimmatters?d=yIl2AUoC8zA Muslimmatters?i=vWDiJZDuUQU:eoieaYIj9DY: Muslimmatters?i=vWDiJZDuUQU:eoieaYIj9DY: Muslimmatters?d=qj6IDK7rITs Muslimmatters?i=vWDiJZDuUQU:eoieaYIj9DY: Muslimmatters?d=7Q72WNTAKBA

Wednesday, January 27, 2016

Celebrating or commemorating the Prophet’s birthday

Yay!!! Fireworks!!! Why can’t we use them in HALAL celebrations? :(

Meaning:

The Arabic term ‘Mawlid’ is used to refer to the birthday of someone important. Sufi’s use it for their Sheikhs’ birthdays, and it’s most common use is for the birthday of the prophet: al-Mawlid an-Nabawi.

Timing:

The sunnis celebrate it on the 12th of Rabi’ al-awwal, while the Shiites celebrate it on the 17th, which also happens to coincide with the birth of their 6th Imam (Jafar As-Sadiq – so it’s sort of a double celebration).

However, according to the almanac, his birthday was on the 9th of Rabi al-awwal. And, until not that long ago, his birthday was called “Bara Wafat” by some, which means “Day of Death”. This is because it’s a celebration of what is commonly held to be the day of his death. If you want to know more about the whole timing of the birthday (and how utterly unimportant it was in Arab culture at the time, and to the prophet’s companions) read this fantastic article on the topic. Or skim through it, like I did.

History:

At the end of the 11th Century AD (so about the 400 years after the death of the prophet), in Egypt, the ruling Fatimid dynasty (who were Shiite, fyi) started to observe 4 Mawlid celebrations throughout the year. They were for:

1)     The Prophet (pbuh)

2)     Fatimah (AS)

3)     Ali (AS)

4)     The Ruling Khalif

Essentially, the Khalif decreed his birthday to be a special holiday, and he knew that the only way he was gonna get away with it was to include Allah’s messenger and – because he was Shiite – Ahl al-bayt (the prophet’s family).

The celebration itself consisted of a grand procession of the courtiers during the day, with three khutbahs preached at the end in front of the khalifah. It is part of Islamic tradition to have two khutbahs on days of celebration (the two Eids and Jumuah), so they’re instituting three goes above and beyond the sunnah. It’s like “woah!”

The first recorded Sunni festival was at the beginning of the 13th Century in Iraq. People travelled to attend two months in advance, with the partying starting a month before. And by ‘partying’ I mean partying: they had jugglers, musicians, entertainers, etc all out on the streets of the city. Then the evening before there was a torchlight procession which passed through the town and on the actual day there was a Khutbah and a super-lavish feast. Super-lavish, I tell ya. Thousands of sheep, oxen, etc were slaughtered for dinner. I bet they had Shawarma back then…

Anyways, the tradition spread across the Muslim world mainly because of Sufis, who liked to celebrate the birthdays of their Sheikhs too, as this was in their heyday.

It is Haram for several reasons:

1)     It isn’t from the sunnah, nor from the Salaf.

Allah’s messenger (pbuh) said:

“Stick to my sunnah and the sunnah of my rightly guided Khalifs, cling to it firmly with your molar teeth. Beware of newly invented matters, for every new matter is an innovation and every innovation is misleading.

[Ahmad 4/126 & Tirmidhi No 2676]

So basically, doing something new is essentially ignoring and disbelieving in Allah’s statement:

الْيَوْمَ أَكْمَلْتُ لَكُمْ دِينَكُمْ وَأَتْمَمْتُ عَلَيْكُمْ نِعْمَتِي

… This day, I have perfected your religion for you, and completed My Favour upon you …

(Surah Al-Maidah:3)

Also, just because you have a good intention about something doesn’t make it halal. Trust me, I could have a lot of great intentions about eating a haram Big Mac, but it still wouldn’t be Halal.

2)     It is an imitation of Christmas.

In the early days it was celebrated in the same way that Christians celebrated Christmas – a sermon and a feast. Why is this wrong? Because the Messenger (pbuh) said:

“Be different from the Mushrikeen (those who associate partners with Allah)”.

[Saheeh Muslim]

He also said:

“Whoever imitates or resembles a people is one of them.

[Ahmad 2/05 & Abu Dawud 4/314]

3)     It’s exaggerating in honouring the prophet.

He (pbuh) said:

“Do not exaggerate (i.e. in praise and honour) in me, as the Christians exaggerated about the son of Maryam. I am only a slave, so say ‘the slave and messenger of Allah’.

[Bukhari 4/142, no 3445]

He also said:

“Beware of exaggeration for those before were destroyed due to exaggeration.”

[Nasa’ee no 2863]

4)     It opens the doors to other innovations.

Such as mixing, celebrating other innovative days, Sufism, etc.

Regarding Omar Ibn Al-Khattab’s statement “What a good bidah this is!”

Ibn Taymiyyah explained it by saying that the word ‘Bidah’ has two meanings:

1)     Linguistic: which is anything new or original. So you could say “Ooh! The design of that skirt is a beautiful Bidah.”

2)     Technical (i.e. in the Shariah): which means anything for which there is no basis in the Shariah. So any new laws, rules, prayers, etc.

Regarding the following Hadith:

Abu Qatadah Al-Ansari narrated, ‘There came a man to Allah’s Messenger (pbuh) and said: “Oh Messenger of Allah, why do you fast on Mondays?” He (pbuh) replied, “That is the day on which I was born and the day on which I was entrusted with the Mission or when I was first given Revelation.”

[Saheeh Muslim]

Some people use this hadith as an argument for the celebration of al-Mawlid an-Nabawi, which is amusing given that it’s actually an argument against it, because:

-  Fasting on Mondays is an act that has been allowed and encouraged by the Messenger (pbuh) on a weekly basis. If a blowout celebration once a year were permissible and good, don’t you think he’d have been the first to do it? Who knew more about what’s good in terms of remembering Allah’s messenger: you or him?

- His (pbuh) ‘celebration’ (if that’s what you want to call it – but really? What’s so fun about NOT eating? Doh!) involves worship – one of the most beloved acts of worship before Allah that is done only for His Sake alone, and is, in fact, a form of worship that we are expressly forbidden from performing on days of great celebration (i.e. the two Eids, and – not quite forbidden, but almost – on Fridays). So what this means is that what this hadith is referring to is not a celebration, but rather a symbol of gratitude to Allah that He created the Messenger (pbuh) and sent His Revelation.

-  If these people don’t fast on Mondays (and let’s be real – very few do), then they have no claim of following the Messenger’s way or of honouring him especially, as Allah Ta’la said:

أَتَسْتَبْدِلُونَ الَّذِي هُوَ أَدْنَىٰ بِالَّذِي هُوَ خَيْرٌ

… Would you exchange that which is better for that which is lower? …

(Surah Al-Baqarah:61)

And as a final point, I’ll leave with Albani’s words on this:

“So, where are the scholars who defend Mawlid, why don’t they enlighten the people that fasting on Monday is the legislated celebration of Mawlid (i.e., birthday of Allah’s Messenger)? And why don’t they encourage the people to it instead of defending the unlegislated celebration?”

So, to summarise:

-          Mawlid – not really the Prophet’s bday.

-          Shiites first came up with it, about 400 years after the Prophet (pbuh) died. It took another 200 years for the Sunnis to start.

-          It’s not allowed.

-          If you really want to show your love for the prophet and gratitude to Allah for creating him and sending the revelation, fast Mondays.


The Nations Will Gather Against You


The Nations Will Gather Against You
Translated by: Amr Abul Rub
Question: I have a doubt about the Hadith, “Soon the nations will gather against you, just as people are called to a feast”, for two reasons:
Firstly: It speaks about the unseen, and none knows the Ghaib except Allah.
Secondly: It influences the people to be pleased with our state, and not try to change at all.
There is no doubt that it is a fabricated Hadith, from one of the enemies of Islam.
Answer from Shaykh al-Albani:
The Hadith is authentic without doubt, and it speaks about an unseen matter, which Allah knows of, and it is one of the matters that is possible, without any kind of confusion, as it is one of the necessities of prophethood and being a messenger, and it points to something other than one what questioner is asking.
That is my general answer, and as for the details:
Firstly, the authenticity of the Hadith:
This Hadith has been narrated through many different routes, and all going back to two Sahabi, the first is Thawban, the lad of Allah’s Messenger, peace and blessings be upon him, and the second is Abu Hurairah, may Allah be pleased with him, who memorized what others from the Sahabah did not, in terms of Ahadith.
As for Thawban, there are three routes which lead to his Hadith, the first, is from Abu `Abd as-Salam, who narrated that Thawban said, “Allah’s Messenger, peace and blessings be upon him, said, ‘Imminently, there will come a time when the nations gather against you, just as people gather around a feast.’ A man said, ‘Will it be because we are few at that time, O Allah’s Messenger?’ He responded, ‘No, you will be numerous in those times, but you will be as useless as the scum of the sea, and Allah will remove the fear that your enemies used to posses from you from their chests, and He will place al-Wahn in your hearts’, it was said, ‘What is al-Wahn?’, he responded, ‘Love of life, and hatred of death.’”

This Hadith was collected by Abu Dawud in his Sunan, 2/210, and ar-Ruyani in his Musnad, 25/134/2, from the route of `Abd ar-Rahman bin Yazid bin Jabir from Abu `Abd as-Salam, and all of its narrators are trustworthy, except Abu `Abd as-Salam, he is unknown, but he was not alone in narrating the Hadith, as we will see.
The second route from Thawban is from Abu Asma’ ar-Rahbi from Thawban, which was collected by Ahmad, 5/287, and al-Bazzar, from al-Mubarak bin Fudhala, who narrated it from Marzuq Abu `Abdullah al-Himsi, who narrated it from Abu Asma’ ar-Rahbi, and this chain of narration is great, and its narrators are all trustworthy, except al-Mubarak commits Tadlis, but he expressed that he heard it from Marzuq, so that does not affect the chain of narration.
The third route is from `Abd bin `Ubaid at-Tamini al-Abasi who narrated from Thawban.  This route was collected by at-Tayalisi in his Musnad, pg 123 (2/211 in the copy of Shaykh al-Banna), and this chain is weak, but it is strengthened by the previous chain of narration.
Therefore, the second path which we mentioned is enough of proof that it is authentic, and these two weaker chains only strengthen it.
As for the version of Abu Hurairah, it was collected by Ahmad in his Musnad, 2/259, from Shubail bin `Awf, from Abu Hurairah who said, “I heard Allah’s Messenger, peace and blessings be upon him, say to Thawban, ‘How will you be, O Thawban, when the nations gather against you…’” It is the same Hadith, and its chain is not bad, and it has other Ahadith as witnesses.

Al-Haithami said in Majma` az-Zawa’id, 7/287, “It was collected by Ahmad and at-Tabarani in al-Awsat, and Ahmad’s chain is good.”

Therefore, the Hadith is authentic with all of its routes, so we cannot reject it in terms of the authenticity of the chain, and we must submit and accept it.

Secondly, the Prophet speaking about the unseen:

I am amazed at the doubt in this Hadith, and that it, “speaks about the unseen, and only Allah knows the unseen.” It is sad to see that these types of accusations are made by many of our Muslim youth, and I have heard it many times before, and it harms Islam, as it essentially states that since the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, is human just as other humans, he has no connection with the heavens, and no revelation is revealed to him.
But the majority of the Muslims, we believe opposite to that, we believe that the Prophet, peace be upon him, is unique in that he receives revelation, which is why Allah, Tabaraka wa Ta`ala, ordered him to convey this to the people, and he quoted the last Ayah of Surat al-Kahf,
“Say I am only a human like you, but revelation is revealed to me, that your God is one.” [Surat al-Kahf, Ayah 110]

This is why his speech, peace be upon him, is free from error, as Allah said,

“He does not speak out of his desires, it is only a revelation revealed to him.” [Surat an-Najm, Ayah 3]

This revelation is not limited to the Religious Rulings, but it includes other aspects, such as matters of the unseen, and the Prophet, even if he does not know the unseen, as Allah said,

“If I knew the unseen I would have done more good, and I would not have been struck with harm, but I only warn and bring glad tidings to a believing people.” [Surat al-A`raf, Ayah 187]

However, Allah gives him some knowledge of unseen, and the proof is what Allah said,

"He (Allah) is the knower of the unseen, and none has access to that knowledge, except whoever he chooses from among his Messengers.” [Surat al-Jinn, Ayah 26-27]

He also said,

“None has access to His Knowledge, except if He wishes.” [Surat al-Baqarah, Ayah 255]

Therefore, we as Muslims must believe that the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, does not attain knowledge of the unseen alone, but it granted knowledge of some aspects of that knowledge by Allah, and that the Prophet, peace be upon him, tells us about that unseen through the Qur’an and Sunnah.
The matter such as the details of the Last Day, the resurrection, paradise, hellfire, the angels, the jinn, and details about what will happen in the future, are only matters of the unseen that Allah gave to His Prophet, and His Prophet told us about them.  After knowing this, how can someone have any kind of doubt in any Hadith, due to it speaking about the unseen?!
If this doubt is true, we would have to reject many Ahadith, it may even be up to one-hundred Ahadith, or more, and these are all signs of his Prophethood, peace be upon him, and the truth of his message, and rejecting all this is falsehood, and a well known fundamental is that whatever necessitates falsehood is falsehood in of itself.
Al-Hafidh Ibn Kathir has investigated these types of Ahadith in his Tarikh, and he dedicated a chapter thereto, he said, “Chapter: Things which the Prophet, peace be upon him, told of which are in the future of his life, and after his death, and those which have happened of those things.” Whoever wants to review that, it will bring guidance and light to him, he should look to al-Bidayah wa an-Nihayah, 6/182-256.

Allah has spoken the truth when he said,
And (remember) when the Prophet (SAW) disclosed a matter in confidence to one of his wives (Hafsah), so when she told it (to another i.e. Aishah), and Allah made it known to him, he informed part thereof and left a part. Then when he told her (Hafsah) thereof, she said: ‘Who told you this?’ He said: ‘The All-Knower, the All-Aware (Allah) has told me.’” [Surat at-Tahrim, Ayah 3]

He also said,
It is not given to any human being that Allah should speak to him unless (it be) by Inspiration, or from behind a veil, or (that) He sends a Messenger to reveal what He wills by His Leave. Verily, He is Most High, Most Wise . And thus We have sent to you (O Muhammad SAW) Ruhan (an Inspiration, and a Mercy) of Our Command. You knew not what is the Book, nor what is Faith? But We have made it (this Quran) a light wherewith We guide whosoever of Our slaves We will. And verily, you (O Muhammad SAW) are indeed guiding (mankind) to the Straight Path (i.e. Allahs religion of Islamic Monotheism). The Path of Allah, to Whom belongs all that is in the heavens and all that is in the earth. Verily, all the matters at the end go to Allah (for decision). [Surat ash-Shura, Ayah 51-53]
The Muslims should read the Book of their Lord, and ponder upon it with their hearts, so that it is a protection for them from any perversion or deviation, as the Prophet, peace be upon him, said, “This Qur’an: an edge of it is in Allah’s Hand, and another in your hands, so hold fast to it, for if you did, you will not be deviated to destroyed after that.” (1)

Thirdly, the purpose of the Hadith:
Now that we know that this Hadith’s chain is authentic to the Prophet, peace be upon him, and that what it contains, such as informing about the unseen, it is only revelation from Allah, Ta`ala, to him, peace be upon him, then it would become clear that it is impossible that its meaning is what the noble questioner said, “It drives people to be pleased with the state we are in…”

Rather, it drive people to do the total opposite thereof, and it speaks of the reason that the nations will gather upon them, and it is that we will, “Love life and hate death”, this love of life and hatred of death is what drives us to be pleased with our state of lowness, and our going away from Jihad in Allah’s Path, and all of its types, such as Jihad of one’s own self, and Jihad with money, and by speaking, and other types; this is the situation of most Muslims today, to our great sorrow.
This Hadith tells us that to finish with this situation that we are in is to act upon this Hadith, and to take the means of success and winning in this life and the next, and that we return to what our Salaf were upon, they would love death to the same extent that their enemies love life.
This reality is alluded to in another Hadith, wherein Allah’s Messenger states, “If you deal with al-`Eena (2), follow the tails of cattle, become pleased with farming, and abandon Jihad in Allah’s Path, Allah will send disgrace upon you, until you return to your religion.”  (3)
Ponder how this Hadith agrees totally with the one which has been mentioned, “Allah will not take the disgrace away until you return to your religion.” Not only that, this has also been mentioned in the Qur’an, when Allah said,
“Allah does not change the state a people are in until they change what is in theirselves.” [Surat ar-Ra`d, Ayah 11]
We have established that the goal of the Hadith is warning Muslims from persisting upon, “Loving live, and hating death”, and it is a great goal to be achieved.  If only the Muslims pay attention and acted upon it, they would be noble in this life, and the flag of the Kuffar would not be risen at all, however, this will all come to end eventually, as Allah’s Messenger, peace be upon him, said in many Ahadith, that Islam will enter every house, he said, “This religion will reach whatever the night and day reach, there will not be a home except it is upon this religion, regardless if the person is noble or not; Allah will use the noble to aid this religion, and the one who was not noble to disgrace disbelief and the disbelievers.” (4)
The confirmation of this Hadith is what Allah said,
“They want to extinguish Allah’s Light with their mouths, but Allah will only complete His Light even if the disbelievers do not like that, He has sent His Messenger with the guidance and the true religion, so that it may become apparent over all other religions, even if the polytheists.” [Surat at-Tawbah, Ayah 32]

Allah has spoken the truth when he said,

“You will come to know of it after a while. [Surat Sad, Ayah 88]

Written by:
Abu `Abd ar-Rahman
Muhammad Nasir ad-Din al-Albani
Source: At-Tamaddun al-Islami Magazine, 24/421-426

1.   A Sahih Hadith: It was collected by Ibn Nasr in Qiyam al-Lail, pg. 74, Ibn Hibban in his Sahih, 1/122, with an authentic chain of narration, al-Munthiri said in at-Targhib, 1/40, “It was collected by at-Tabarani in al-Kabir with a good chain of narration.”

2. It is that a person sells something to someone for a certain price, for a certain amount of time, then purchases it back later for a less price, thereby making a profit.

3. Collected by Abu Dawud, 2/100, Ahmad, numbers, 4825, 5007, and 2562, ad-Dulabi in al-Kunaa, 52, and al-Baihaqi, 5/316, with two chains from Ibn `Umar, one of which was declared Sahih by Ibn al-Qattan, and the other was declared Hasan by Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taimiyyah, in al-Fatawa, 3/32, 278.

4.   Collected by Ahmad, 4/103, at-Tabarani in Mu`jam al-Kabir, 1/126/2, al-Hakim, 4/430, Ibn Bashran in al-Amali, 1/60, Ibn Mandah in Kitab al-Iman, 1/102, and al-Hafidh `Abd al-Ghani al-Maqdisi in Thikr al-Islam, 2/126, from the route of Ahmad who narrated it from Tamim ad-Dari, from Allah’s Messenger, and its chain is authentic.  Al-Hakim declared it authentic, and ath-Thahabi agreed with him, al-Maqdisi said, “It is a Hasan Sahih Hadith”, and it has two other narrations which strengthen it, one from al-Miqdad bin al-Aswad which Ibn Mandah and al-Hakim collected, and it has an authentic chain, and the other from Abu Tha`laba al-Khashni, which was collected by al-Hakim, 1/488.

The Prophet Hud (peace and blessing be upon him)

Description of the People of Ad

The people of ‘Ad lived many years in the windswept hills of an area between Yemen and Oman. They were physically well built and renowned for their craftsmanship especially in the construction of tall buildings with lofty towers. They were outstanding among all the nations in power and wealth, which, unfortunately, made them arrogant and boastful. Their political power was held in the hand of unjust rulers, against whom no one dared to raise a voice. They were not ignorant of the existence of Allah, nor did they refuse to worship Him. What they did refuse was to worship Allah alone. They worshipped other gods, also, including idols. This is one sin Allah does not forgive.

Description of Hud

Allah wanted to guide and discipline these people so He sent a prophet from among them. This prophet was Hud (PBUH), a noble man who handled this task with great resoluteness and tolerance.
Ibn Jarir reported that he was Hud Ibn Shalikh, Ibn Arfakhshand, Ibn Sam, Ibn Noah (PBUH). He also reported that Prophet Hud (PBUH) was from a tribe called Ad Ibn Us Ibn Sam Ibn Noah, who were Arabs living in Al Ahqaf in Yemen between Oman and Hadramaut, on a land called Ashar stretching out into the sea. The name of their valley was Mughiith Some traditions claimed that Hud (PBUH) was the first person who spoke Arabic while others claimed that Noah (PBUH) was the first. It was also said that Adam was the first.

Commentary – Hud’s Appeal to his People
Hud (PBUH) condemned idol worship and admonished his people. “MY people, what is the benefit of these stones that you carve with your own hands and worship? In reality it is an insult to the intellect. There is only One Deity worthy of worship and that is Allah. Worship of Him and Him alone, is compulsory on you.
He created you, He provides for you and He is the One Who will cause you to die. He gave you wonderful physiques and blessed you in many ways. So believe in Him and do not be blind to His favors, or the same fate that destroyed Noah’s people will overtake you.” With such reasoning Hud hoped to instill faith in them, but they refused to accept his message. His people asked him: “Do you desire to be our master with your call? What payment do you want?”Hud tried to make them understand that he would receive his payment (reward) from Allah; he did not demand anything from them except that they let the light of truth touch their minds and hearts

Hud’s Appeal to His People – Quranic

Allah the Almighty states:

“And to Ad people We sent their brother Hud. He said: “O my people! Worship Allah! You have no other Ilah (god) but Him; Certainly, you do nothing but invent (lies)! O my people I ask of you no reward for it (the Message). My reward is only from Him Who created me. Will you not then understand? And O my people! Ask forgiveness of your Lord and then repent to Him, He will send you (from the sky) abundant rain, and add strength to your strength, so do not turn away as Mujrimeen (criminals, disbeliever in the Oneness of Allah).” They said: “O Hud! No evidence have you brought us and we shall not leave our gods for your mere saying! We are not believers in you. All that we say is that some of our gods (false deities) have seized you with evil (madness).” HE said: “I call Allah to witness and bear you witness that I am free from that which you ascribe as partners in worship, and with Him (Allah). SO plot against me, all of you, and give me no respite. I put my trust in Allah, my Lord and your Lord! There is not a moving (living) creature but HE has grasp of its forelock. Verily, my Lord is on the Straight Path (the truth). SO if you turn away, still I have conveyed the Message with which I was sent to you. My Lord will make another people succeed you, and you will not harm Him in the least. Surely, my Lord is Guardian over all things.”(Ch 11:50-57 Quran)

Hud (pbuh) explains the Day of Judgement

Hud tried to speak to them and to explain about Allah’s blessings: how Allah the Almighty had made them Noah’s successors, how He had given them strength and power, and how HE sent them rain to revive the soil.
Hud’s people looked about them and found they were the strongest on earth, so they become prouder and more obstinate. Thus they argued a lot with Hud. They asked “O Hud! Do you say that later we die and turn into dust, we will be resurrected?” He replied, “Yes, you will come back on the Day of Judgment and each of you will be asked about what you did.”

A peal of laughter was heard after the last statement. “How strange Hud’s claims are!” The disbeliever muttered among themselves. They believed that when man dies his body decays and turns into dust, which is swept away by the wind. How could that return to its original state? Then what is the significance of the Day of Judgment? Why does the dead return to life? All these questions were patiently received by Hud. He then addressed his people concerning the Day of Judgment. he explained that belief in the Day of Judgment is essential to Allah’s justice, teaching them the same thing that every prophet taught about it.

Hud explained that justice demands that there be a Day of Judgment because good is not always victorious in life. Sometimes evil overpowers good. Will such crimes go unpunished? If we suppose there is no Day of Judgment, then a great injustice will have prevailed, but Allah has forbidden injustice to be incurred by Himself or His subjects. Therefore, the existence of the Day of Judgment, a day of accounting for our deeds and being rewarded or punished for them, reveals the extend of Allah’s justice. Hud spoke to them about all of these things. They listened but disbelieved him.

The Disbeliever’s Attitude

Allah recounts Hud’s people’s attitude towards the Day of Judgment:

“The chiefs of his people, whom disbelieved and denied the meeting in the Hereafter, and to who We had given the luxuries and comforts of this life, said: “He is no more than a human being like you, he eats of that which you eat, and drinks of what you drink. If you were to obey a human being like yourselves then verily! You indeed would be losers. Does he promise you that when you have died and have become dust and bones, you shall come out alive (resurrected)? Far, very far, is that which you are promised. There is nothing but our life of this world! We die and we live! We are not going to be resurrected! He is only a man who has invented a lie against Allah, but we are not going to believe in him.” (Ch 23:33-38 Quran)

The disbeliever Question Hud

The chiefs of Hud’s people asked: “Is it not strange that Allah’s chooses one of us to reveal His message to?”

Hud replied: “What is strange in that? Allah wants to guide you to the right way of life, so HE sent me to warn you. Noah’s flood and his story are not far away from you, so do not forget what happened. All the disbeliever were destroyed, no matter how strong they were.”

“Who is going to destroy us Hud?” the chiefs asked.

“Allah.” replied Hud.

The disbeliever among his people answered: “We will be saved by our gods.”
Hud clarified to them that the gods they worshipped would be the reason for their destruction, that it is Allah alone Who saves people, and that no other power on earth can benefit or harm anyone.

The conflict between Hud and his people continued. The years passed, and they became prouder and more obstinate, and more tyrannical and more defiant of their prophet’s message.

Hud Warns his People

Furthermore, they started to accuse Hud (PBUH) of being a crazy lunatic. One day they told him: “We now understand the secret of your madness you insulted our gods and they harmed you; that is why you have become insane.”

Almighty Allah repeated their words in the Quran:
“O my Hud! No evidence have you brought us, and we shall not leave our gods for your mere saying! And we are not believers in you. All that we say is that some of our gods (false deities) have seized you with evil (madness).” (Ch 11:53-54 Quran)

Hud had to return their challenge. He had no other way but to turn to Allah alone, no other alternative but to give them a threatening ultimatum. he declared to them: “I call Allah to witness and bear you witness that I am free from that which you ascribe as pin worship with Him (Allah). SO plot against me, all of you and give me no respite. I put my trust in Allah, my Lord your Lord! There is not a moving (living) creature but He has grasp of its forelock. Verily, my Lord is on the Straight Path (the truth). So if you turn away, still I have conveyed the message with which it was sent to you. My Lord will make another people succeed you, and you will not harm Him.” (Ch 11:54-57 Quran)

The Punishment
Thus Hud renounced them and their gods and affirmed his dependence on Allah Who had created him. Hud realized that punishment would be incurred on the disbeliever among his people. It is one of the laws of life. Allah punishes the disbeliever, no matter how rich, tyrannical or great they are.

Hud and his people waited for Allah’s promise. A drought spread throughout the land, for the sky no longer sent its rain. the sun scorched the desert sands, looking like a disk of fire which settled on people’s heads.

Hud’s people hastened to him asking: “What is that drought Hud?” Hud answered: “Allah is angry with you. If you believe in Him, He will accept you and the rain will fall and you will become stronger than you are.”

They mocked him and became more obstinate, sarcastic and preserve in their unbelief. The drought increased, the trees turned yellow, and plants died. A day came when they found the sky full of clouds. Hud’s people were glad as they came out of their tents crying: “A cloud, which will give us rain!” The weather changed suddenly from burning dry and hot to stinging cold with wind that shook everything; trees, plants, tents, men and women. The wind increased day after day and night after night.

Hud’s people started to flee. They ran to their tents to hide but the gale became stronger, ripping their tents from their stakes. They hid under cloth covers but the gale became stronger and still and tore away the covers. It slashed clothing and skin. It penetrated the apertures of the body and destroyed it. It hardly touched anything before it was destroyed or killed, its core sucked out to decompose and rot. The storm raged for 8 days and 7 nights.

Almighty Allah recounts:
“Then when they saw it as a dense cloud coming towards their valleys, they said: “This is a cloud bringing us rain!” Nay but it is that torment which you were asking to be hastened! a wind wherein is a painful torment! Destroying everything by the command of its Lord! (Ch 46:24-25 Quran)

Allah the Exalted described it thus:
“And as for Ad, they were destroyed for a furious violent wind which Allah imposed on them for seven nights and eight days in succession, so that you could see men lying overthrown (destroyed) as if they were hollow trunks of palm trees! (Ch 69:6-7 Quran)

The Believers are Saved
That violent gale did not stop until the entire region was reduced to ruins and its wicked people destroyed, swallowed by the sands of the desert. Only Hud and his followers remained unharmed. They migrated to Hadramaut and lived there in peace, worshipping Allah, their true Lord.

Source:  Al-Imam ibn Kathir


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