Tuesday, January 26, 2016

Hadith: O Allah, I ask U by the right that those who ask of U & tawassul

The hadeeth

"The Messenger of Allah said: 'Whoever leaves his house for the prayer and says: 'Allahumma inni asa'luka bi-haqqis-sa'ilina 'alaika, wa as'aluka bi-haqqi mamshaya hadha, fa inni lam akhruj asharan wa la batran, wa la riya'an, wa la sum'atan, wa kharajtu-ttiqa'a sukhtika wabtigha'a mardatika, fa as'aluka an tu'idhani minan-nari wa an taghfira li dhunubi, Innahu la yaghfirudh-dhunuba illa Anta. (O Allah, I ask You by the right that those who ask of You have over You, and I ask by virtue of this walking of mine, for I am not going out because of pride or vanity, or to show off or make a reputation, rather I am going out because I fear Your wrath and seek Your pleasure. So I ask You to protect me from the Fire and to forgive me my sins, for no one can forgive sins except You),' Allah will turn His Face towards him and seventy thousand angels will pray for his forgiveness." [Sunan Ibn Maja hadeeth no. 778]

Tawassul

 

Some people claim that because of this hadeeth tawassul through auliyah and Prophet peace be upon him is allowed.

Response:

a) Imam Nawawi said its weak in Kitab al Adhkaar hadeeth no. 83 and 84 
Scan:http://x.usool.pw/1ONUOZ5

b) Allamah Mughlataai al Hanafi (689 h - 762 h) said
"The chain of this hadeeth is weak" [Sharah Ibn Majah by Mughlataai al Hanafi 1/1294 and the Muhaqqiq of the book also declared it weak]
Scan:http://x.usool.pw/1nNXDQZ

c) Hafidh Munzari said:
رواه ابن ماجه بإسناد فيه مقال وحسنه شيخنا الحافظ أبو الحسن رحمه الله - 
Narrated by Ibn Maja with a chain about which contention is done and My Shaykh Hafidh Abul Hasan Rahimullah said its Hasan [at-Targheeb wal-Tarheeb 2487] 

d) Busayri (762 h-240 h) said:
هَذَا إِسْنَادٌ ضَعِيفٌ لِضَعْفِ عَطِيَّةَ ، وَالرَّاوِي عَنْهُ . رَوَاهُ ابْنُ مَاجَةَ فِي سُنَنِهِ ، عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سَعِيدِ بْنِ يَزِيدَ بْنِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ التُّسْتَرِيِّ ، عَنْ فُضَيْلٍ ، فَذَكَرَهُ ، دُونَ قَوْلِهِ حَتَّى يَفْرُغَ مِنْ صَلَاتِهِ ، وَلَمْ يَقُلْ : " وَكَّلَ اللَّهُ بِهِ " . لَكِنْ رَوَاهُ ابْنُ خُزَيْمَةَ فِي صَحِيحِهِ مِنْ طَرِيقِ فُضَيْلِ بْنِ مَرْزُوقٍ ، فَهُوَ صَحِيحٌ عِنْدَهُ . 
This chain is weak due to the weakness of Atiyah and narrator (narrating) from him. Ibn Majah narrated this in his Sunan.... Narrated by Ibn Khuzaima in his Saheeh with the rout of Fuzayl bin Marzooq which is saheeh with him. [Ittehaaf al khayrah al Mahrah 2/32 no. 979]

e) Ibn Hajar Asqalani

He declared the chain of Bilal ra to be very weak and he agreed with Imam an-Nawawi and said:
هذا حديث واه جدا
This hadeeth is very weak [Takhreej ahadeeth al Adhkaar 1/267]

But he went against Imam an-Nawawi on the hadith of Abu Saeed al Khudri and said This hadeeth is Hasan. Imam Nawawi declared Atiyah to be weak but Ibn Hajar said he was Daif but Sudooq fee Nafsihi. 

 
Why Hafidh declared the hadeeth to be Hasan? The answer is given by him, He said:
 وقد رويناه في كتاب الصلاة لأبي نعيم وقال في روايته عن فضيل بن مرزوق عن عطية قال " حدثني " أبو سعيد فذكره
It is narrated in Kitab al Salaah of Abi Naeem, in that narration the chain is from Fudheel bin Marzooq from Atiyah who said The hadeeth is narrated to me by Abu Saeed.. [Takhreej Kitab al Adhkaar page 269]
 
Now here Ibn Hajar rahimullah is trying to say that Atiyah said (Haddathanee) so the aiteraaz of tadlees is gone but Note that Ibn Hajar himself declared him weak in Tabqaat al Mudalliseen and mentioned him in FOURTH Tabqa not even third. He said

عطية بن سعد العوفي الكوفي تابعي معروف ضعيف الحفظ مشهور بالتدليس القبيح 
Atiyah bin Sad al Oofi al Kufi, Famous Tabiyee, Weak in Memory, Famous for the worst type of Tadlees [Tabqaat al Mudalliseen, Fourth Martaba page 50]

 
Ibn Hajar said regarding fourth Tabqa of Mudalliseen
من اتفق على أنه لا يحتج بشيء من حديثهم الا بما صرحوا فيه بالسماع لكثرة تدليسهم على الضعفاء والمجاهيل كبقية بن الوليد 
It is agreed upon that their hadeeth can not be taken as an evidence unless they mention their hearing, they used to do Tadlees from weak and Unknown narrators many times. [Tabqaat al Mudalliseen 1/14]
 
He used to do worst type of tadlees. That he used to narrate the ahadeeth from Abu Saeed al Kalbi (who was Kazzab) but he just used to mention his kuniyah (Abu Saeed) to make people feel as if he is narrating from a sahabi Abu Saeed al Khudri ra. This is called worst type of tadlees. Proof for that is following
 
Imam Ahmad said:
هو ضعيف الحديث . بلغني أن عطية كان يأتي الكلبي فيأخذ عنه التفسير ، وكان يكنيه بأبي سعيد ، فيقول : قال أبوسعيد
" He is weak" and " It reached me that Atiya used to come to Al-Kalbi and ask him about Tafseer, and he used to give him the Kunyah of Abu Saeed, and then he would relate: Abu Saeed said" [al iLal no. 1306]
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