Praying in congregation is obligatory for every adult man who is able to go to the mosque and who hears the call to prayer. What is meant by hearing the call is that a person can hear the adhaan given in a regular voice without amplification of the sound, if the muezzin (caller to prayer) raises his voice and there is no wind or other noise that could affect hearing it. Based on this, if the mosque is so far away that you cannot hear the call, you are not obliged to go and pray in congregation in the mosque, and in that case you can pray with your family.
But if you can hear the call, it is obligatory to pray in congregation, and it is not permissible for you to forego that in order to make sure that your family members pray, because this is forsaking an obligatory duty for something that has to do with others and that can be achieved by other means, such as following up with them and asking them after you come back from the mosque. Allah says in Holy Qur’aan:
“O you who believe! Ward off yourselves and your families against a Fire (Hell) whose fuel is men and stones, over which are (appointed) angels stern (and) severe, who disobey not, (from executing) the Commands they receive from Allaah, but do that which they are commanded”. [Surah al-Tahreem 66:6]
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