Wednesday, October 26, 2016

Islam's Care about Private Sanctities

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Islam urged the preservation of sanctities with all their different social forms, including preserving the tongue from backbiting and tale bearing as well as preserving lives, properties, and honors. The Prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, said:

O you people who believe with their tongues while faith has not entered their hearts, do not backbite the Muslims and do not pursue their faults. Whoever pursues the faults of his Muslim brother, Allah Almighty will pursue his faults. If Allah pursues his faults, He will expose him even if he would hide inside his house.

In the framework of securing a safe life for all Muslims, Islam prohibited entering houses before obtaining the permission of their owners. Allah Almighty says (what means): {O you who have believed, do not enter houses other than your own houses until you ascertain welcome and greet their inhabitants. That is best for you; perhaps you will be reminded. And if you do not find anyone therein, do not enter them until permission has been given you. And if it is said to you, "Go back," then go back; it is purer for you. And Allah Is Knowing of what you do.} [Quran 24: 27-28]

The Messenger of Allah, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, used to teach his noble companions, may Allaah be pleased with him, the way to seek permission and urge and order them to do it.

It is narrated on the authority of ‘Abdullah ibn Qays, may Allaah be pleased with him, that he said: "I heard the Messenger of Allah, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, saying: "If anyone of you seeks permission thrice and is not answered, he should return." [Ahmad, Abu Dawood and At-Tirmithi]

Moreover, the care of our upright Sharee‘ah about the sanctity of houses and preserving them reached to such an extent, that it stipulated among the Sunan and etiquettes of seeking permission, that the one who is doing so should not stand directly in front of the door of the house, but that he should rather stand on its side in order to avoid seeing anything that the residents of the house might dislike being seen. It is narrated that ‘Abdullah ibn Busr, may Allaah be pleased with him, said: "When the Prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, visited a house, he would not stand directly in front of the door, but he would stand at one side until being granted permission." [Abu Dawood]

If one seeks to violate the sanctities of houses and deliberately looks inside them without the permission of their owners, Islam allows deterring him from this path. Abu Hurayrah, may Allaah be pleased with him, narrated that the Messenger of Allah, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, said: "If someone is peeping (looking secretly) into your house without your permission, and you throw a stone at him and cause his eye to gouge out, there will be no blame on you." [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]

Furthermore, Islam enjoined preserving sanctities in absence and imposed rights for the absent person like those of the present. It is narrated on the authority of Anas, may Allaah be pleased with him, that the Messenger of Allah, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, said: "If one supports his brother when he is absent, Allah Almighty will support him in the life of this world and the Hereafter." [Al-Bayhaqi]

We should not forget that Islam forbids harming the Muslim by insult, abuse, defamation, or cursing. ‘Abdullah ibn Mas‘ood, may Allaah be pleased with him, narrated that the Prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, said: "Insulting a Muslim constitutes fusooq (evildoing) and fighting against him constitutes disbelief." [Al-Bukhari and Muslim] Thabit ibn Adh-Dhahhak, may Allaah be pleased with him, narrated that the Prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, said: "Whoever curses a believer is as if he has killed him." [Al-Bukhari]

Finally, Islam also prohibits spying, forbids pursuing the faults of people, and makes this detestable to the believers. Rather, the noble approach of Islam reached such an extent that it orders the Muslim to conceal what he happens to see of the Muslims' shortcomings and to hide the secrets he knows about them so that the sanctities of people remain protected. It is narrated on the authority of Abu Hurayrah, may Allaah be pleased with him, that the Prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, said: "Whoever conceals a slave in the life of this world, Allah Almighty will conceal him on the day of Judgment."

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