Sunday, December 31, 2017

Deserting one's family to perform Da‘wah


Question

What is the ruling of deserting one's family for the pretext of performing Da'wah (Islamic propagation)?


Answer


All perfect praise be to Allah, The Lord of the Worlds. I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allah, and that Muhammad, sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam, is His slave and Messenger.

The wife and children have specific rights that should be fulfilled as much as possible. The Prophet, sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam, told us that every one is responsible for the people who are under his guardianship. [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]

Moreover, the Prophet, sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam, said that it is indeed a great sin for a person not to shoulder the responsibility of those who are under his guardianship. [Ahmad, An-Nawawi : Authentic]

If a person takes care of his family's expenses, he can then dedicate himself to calling to Allah The Almighty and working for the sake of his religion. In fact, if the person has good insight, he would be able to strike a balance between people's rights and his religious duties and not do one thing to the detriment of another. This is proved by the Hadeeth that was narrated on the authority of Salman, may Allaah be pleased with him, who said that he visited Abu Ad-Dardaa', may Allaah be pleased with him, and found Um Ad-Dardaa', may Allah be pleased with her, wearing shabby clothes, so he asked her about that. She told him that her husband Abu Ad-Dardaa', may Allaah be pleased with him, was an ascetic who did not care for the joys of this worldly life.

When Ad-Dardaa', may Allaah be pleased with him, came, he welcomed Salman, may Allaah be pleased with him, and offered him food, but he did not eat with him as he was fasting. Salman, may Allaah be pleased with him, said that he would only eat if Ad-Dardaa', may Allaah be pleased with him, ate with him (so he ate). At night, Ad-Dardaa', may Allaah be pleased with him, wanted to get up to pray, but Salman, may Allaah be pleased with him, told him to sleep. Before dawn, Salman, may Allaah be pleased with him, told him to get up and pray, and they both went out to pray the Dawn prayer. At that time, Salman, may Allaah be pleased with him, told him that there are certain rights for Allah The Almighty, some for himself, and others for his family and that he should fulfill all these rights.

When they went to the Prophet, sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam, he, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, agreed with what Salman, may Allaah be pleased with him, had said and done. [Al-Bukhari]

Al-Hafith ibn Hajar, may Allaah have mercy upon him, said that this Hadeeth proves that it is permissible to quit something that is preferable for fear that it might lead to apathy or might waste other ordained or more preferable rights.

Allah Knows best.

Fatwa answered by: The Fatwa Center at Islamweb


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Saturday, December 30, 2017

Scenes from the Hereafter

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The Exposure

Mankind, from Adam, may Allaah exalt his mention, to the last man to be created, will be exposed before their Lord-Allah Almighty- for judgment, as He, The Most Exalted, Says (what means): "And they shall be presented before their Lord in rows." [Quran 18: 48]

The Prophet sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam said, "Mankind will be exposed three exposures on the Day of Resurrection. The [first] two exposures shall be disputation and excuses, but at the third [exposure], the scrolls [of deeds] will be distributed, and then some will take them in their right hands, others in their left." [At-Tirmithi]

So, the first time, people will dispute with one another: the weak with the tyrants who hindered them from faith, the tyrants responding that they are, in the final analysis, not to blame, for each individual believes or disbelieves by his/her own conscious decision. The disbelievers will deny that prophets came to them.

At the second exposure, people will acknowledge their wrongs, and will seek excuses. With the third exposure, the books of deeds will be distributed amongst them. Receiving the book in the right hand signifies success, while receiving it in the left hand or behind one's back signifies failure.

Allah, the Most Exalted, Says (what means):

"O mankind, indeed you are laboring toward your Lord with [great] exertion and will meet it. Then as for he who is given his record in his right hand. He will be judged with an easy account. And return to his people in happiness. But as for he who is given his record behind his back. He will cry out for destruction. And [enter to] burn in a Blaze." [Quran 84: 6-12]

The Questioning

Allah, the Most Exalted, Says (what means): "So by your Lord, We will surely question them all. About what they used to do." [Quran 15: 92-93]

"Then We will surely question those to whom [a message] was sent, and We will surely question the messengers." [Quran 7: 6]

The people will be questioned about whether messengers came to them, and how they responded to them. The messengers themselves will be questioned about whether they conveyed the message.

Belief in the questioning and reckoning of the Hereafter instills a sense of responsibility and accountability in the Muslim. He must be constantly watching over his heart and his deeds, and must be prepared to forego those fleeting, ephemeral pleasures of this world which are available to him on the path of sin. He must be prepared to undergo some suffering and hardship in the temporary abode (worldly life), in order to avoid the inescapable consequences of evil in the Hereafter. He must fear standing before his Lord if he desires safety on that ghastly day. Allah, the Almighty and Majestic, Says in a Hadeeth Qudsi (narration in which the meaning is from Allah and the wording is from Prophet Muhammad sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam): "By My Might! I shall not combine for My slave two lives of fear, nor two lives of surety." [Ibn Hibban]

People will be questioned, on the Day of Judgment:

1. About faith, as the Prophet sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam said: "You will be asked about (the testimony of faith): 'Laa ilaaha illallaah (none is worthy of worship but Allah)'" [At-Tirmithi]

2. About the five-daily prayers: The Prophet sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam said "The first thing which the slave will be questioned about on the Day of Resurrection will be his prayer. If it is in order, then he shall have prospered and succeeded, while if it is impaired, then he shall have failed and be ruined." [At-Tirmithi]

3. About those under one's care: Allah Almighty Says (what means):

"O you who have believed! Protect yourselves and your families from a Fire whose fuel is people and stones..." [Quran 66: 6]

The Prophet sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam said: "Every one of you is a guardian, and every one of you will be asked about those under his care. The man is a guardian over his family, and will be questioned about those under his care. The woman is a guardian over her husband's house, and will be questioned about that under her care. The slave is a guardian over his master's property, and will be questioned for that under his care." [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]

4. About the bodily organs: Allah Almighty Says (what means):

 "And do not pursue that of which you have no knowledge. Indeed, the hearing, the sight and the heart- about all those [one] will be questioned (by Allah)..." [Quran 17: 36]

5. About delights: Allah Almighty Says (what means): "Then on that Day you shall be asked about pleasure (you indulged in, in this world)!" [Quran 102:8]

6. About intentions: Allah Almighty Says (what means): "Whoever desires the life of this world and its adornments — We fully repay them for their deeds therein, and they therein will not be deprived." [Quran 11:15-16]

In a long narration reported by Muslim may Allah have mercy upon him, we are told that the men whose cases shall be judged first on the Day of Resurrection shall be a man who was martyred, a man who acquired knowledge and taught it and who recited the Quran, and a man to whom Allah had been generous and given many varieties of wealth. These men will acknowledge Allah's favors upon them, and will claim that they did these deeds for His sake. They will be exposed as liars, for they did not do these deeds for the sake of Allah. The man who was martyred had been fighting in order to be called brave, the scholar or reciter of the Quran had acted thus in order to gain a reputation as such, and the benefactor had sought recognition as a generous person. Since deeds are judged according to their intentions, these people received what they had sought through these deeds, and so they will not receive reward for them on the Day of Judgment. Hence, they will be dragged into Hell on their faces.

Additionally, there are four questions which everyone must face on the Day of Judgement. The Prophet sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam said: "The feet of a slave will not move on the Day of Judgement until he has been questioned about [four things:] his life – how he spent it, his knowledge – how he acted upon it, his wealth – where he earned it and how he spent it, and his body – how he used it." [At-Tirmithi]

The Reckoning

Allah Almighty Says (what means): "Indeed, to Us is their return. Then indeed, upon Us is their account." [Quran 88: 25-26] People will be brought to account for their deeds, as well as for their resolved intentions. The Prophet, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallm, said: "When two Muslims encounter one another with their swords, the murderer and the murdered shall be in the Fire." [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]

The murdered individual will also enter the Fire because he was intent on killing his brother. However, out of the Grace of Allah, we are excused for fleeting thoughts which we do not consciously entertain or sustain, nor verbalize. Allah Says (what means):  "Allah does not charge a soul except [with that within] its capacity" [Quran 2: 286]

The Prophet sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam has said: "Allah has forgiven my Nation for those things which their hearts whisper to them." [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]

There will be some who will enter Paradise without reckoning. In the Hadeeth narrated by Muslim may Allah have mercy upon him, the Prophet sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam said that the nations of all the prophets, may Allaah exalt their mention, were exposed to him. He sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam saw some prophets with only one or two people, or their family members with them (i.e. no-one else had believed in them). Then, he sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam saw a huge crowd, and thought that was his Nation. Jibreel, may Allaah exalt his mention, (the angel Gabriel) told him that it was actually the Nation of Moosa, may Allaah exalt his mention, (Moses) but he indicated to him a larger crowd which stretched across the horizon, and told him that this was his Nation. He sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam said, "…and with them are 70,000 who shall enter Paradise without reckoning or punishment. They are those who do not seek Ruqyah from others (words from the Quran or Sunnah said for the express purpose of protection or cure), nor draw omens, but rely upon their Lord." [Muslim]

Martyrs of the battlefield who died in the cause of Allah will also be exempted from the reckoning. The Prophet sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam has said: "While the slaves (people) are standing at the place of reckoning, a [group of] people will come with their swords (hanging) on their backs dripping blood, and they will assemble at the gate of Paradise. It will be asked: 'Who are these?' whereupon it will be said: 'They are the martyrs; they were alive, receiving sustenance.'" [At-Tabarani]


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Friday, December 29, 2017

How to Deal with Inevitable Divorce

Question 

I am going through a terrible time. My husband filed for a divorce from me. My family tried through many means and people to make reconciliation. His family keeps saying no. They do not even answer the phone. Sadly we also have a small son, and my husband and his family clearly do not care about him. And there is no good reason for the divorce except that his parents are forcing him to do so. They also made his younger brother divorce his wife.

In my severe state of desperation, I did many bad things which I regret, like going to soothsayers, astrologers, and magicians so that they could tell me what will happen and try to do something to save my marriage. The charlatans and magicians say send us money and we will do some prayers and you will get patched up. The astrologers all say different things; some said that I will definitely get divorced. I now know that these people are mostly just telling lies since everyone says something different and only Allah knows what will happen and can change what is happening. I really regret going to these people. Is Allah punishing me by not making any reconciliation happen between my husband and I? How can I gain Allah's forgiveness? I do pray and ask Him to forgive me and produce a miracle so that I may return to my husband. What will happen to me and my son? It was difficult getting married the first time around. If I get divorced, who will accept me and my son? I am extremely depressed and suicidal. I really do not know what to do anymore.

If I cannot get married again, who will take care of me and my son? My parents are old and will not be around forever. There are so many things to worry about. I have no friends or anyone to talk to. Everything seems so hopeless.


Answer:

May Allah make it easy for you. Life in this world is full of challenges and trials. Whoever thinks that life can be as we wish for it to be is deceiving himself and prone to a miserable life. The only way for you to live a good life is to realise its purpose and worship Allah accordingly. Before we get into the issue of your marital problem, you should know that you committed a major sin when you went to soothsayers and the like of them. This is an act of disbelief if a person believes them, and just going to see them is a major sin. It is a good thing that you repented to Allah from this major sin; may Allah accept your repentance. Remain steadfast in your repentance to Allah, and increase your acts of worship and charity. Allah Is the Most Merciful, and He accepts the repentance of His slaves if they are sincere and truthful in it, so always think well of Allah.

Your repentance should not be because you discovered that the soothsayers are liars but rather because Allah forbade going to them; thus your repentance will be sincere and truthful.

As for the future, the worst thing that seems to worry you is that your husband divorces you, though that would not be the end of the world, neither is it comparable to Hellfire, which Allah warned us from. One of the important things that help one to be patient is to stop magnifying problems. You are not going to be the first or the last that ever gets divorced. Life goes on, and Allah is the One Who is able to give you a better husband and a better life.

So do not be a pessimist, and have good expectations of Allah. Allah only decrees what is good, even if it comes in the form of calamities. The good side is for the believer to remain patient and steadfast on the religion, which increases their rewards, and on the Day of Resurrection, they will wish that the test and tribulation had been even harder. We are ordered to ask for strength in this life, and when calamities take place, we should be patient because Allah promised the patient ones great rewards.

Many women never get married in the first place, and they can only wish to have gotten a son, as you did, so be grateful, and Allah will increase His bounties over you.

May Allah keep your family strong, but you need to be strong while facing trials in this life. As long as you use the means to avoid divorce, then there is no blame on you. Here are some points of advice to try to avoid the breakup of your family:

1- Turn to Allah with sincere supplications. Make sure you never miss the prayer at its appointed time, repent to Allah from all sins, wake up at the last third of the night and pray with sincere supplications to Allah. See where your shortcomings are, and fix them by repenting to Allah. Make religion the most important thing in your life, so much so that you feel that if you would lose everything but your religion, then you really would not have lost anything at all.

2- Look into the reason why your husband wants to divorce you. His family probably have a reason for that, even if it is false and not true, but try to be sincere in doing the opposite of what they are accusing you of.

3- Treat your husband well, and never dispute with him; if he says harsh words to you, then be patient and remain kind.

4- Remind your husband about the goodness between him and you, and also about your son, as he needs his father as much as he needs his mother, and that anything can be fixed and you can change to be as he expects.

5- Seek help from scholars whom your husband respects in your locality; they can advise him and work things out.

6- Be strong by relying on Allah, and if the worst happens, then be patient and know that Allah wants something better for you with patience and devotion.

7- Suicide is a major sin; there is warning of eternity in the Fire of Hell for those who commit this evil act. No matter how big your calamity is in this world, it is not equal to one dip in the Hellfire. Therefore, remain patient, and Allah is the Provider, and He is Merciful and All-Knowing.

May Allah make it easy for you, and if you apply this advice, then, by the Will of Allah, everything will be good.


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Thursday, December 28, 2017

Husband Complains about Wife’s Rudeness

Question

Assalamu Aleykum. I got married at the age of 25, while my wife was 18. After one year of marriage, we had a son, and he is 2 years old now. At first, we were happy, but after some months, I started to abuse her and beat her. After that, I realized (my mistake) and started being friendly with her. After a year, I moved to another city and brought my family here after another year. My wife had some problems with my parents. My father is an angry man. He sometimes abuses my wife, and she started arguing with him. As I was away for a year, I used to calm her by calling her. Now, after moving here, she started pointing towards my parents. I get angry all the time when she talks about my parents. She is very rude to me. I started beating her when she was arguing about my parents. Once, she tried to drink Phenoil in front of me. I was so worried about my situation. Then I sent her to her home. As my mother is sick, she refused to go to my home; however, I sent her to my home before going to her home with her brother. She did not give them the salam greeting, and she remained quiet and called her mother after a few hours and started crying and went home. Five days passed, and I have not received a call from her. I drank alcohol and called her and started arguing with her mother. I do not know how to get out of this situation. As for information, she is very rude to everyone. She will not behave like a woman should in Islam. I cannot explain it in my words, as I am not very good in English. My parents saw her behavior, and they suggested divorcing her. I love her and want to have a happy family. Please help me; what am I to do?

Answer

May Allah make it easy for you and your family.

Life is a struggle, and the only way to be at ease and content is to seek the pleasure of Allah alone. The only way to do that is to follow the Qur'an and Sunnah of the Prophet, sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam. There are many verses in the Qur'an and hadiths on the subject of marriage which show that it is part of our religion, but we need to learn and then have patience in applying what we have learned.

In order to have a successful marriage, you need to increase your faith by being obedient to Allah and staying away from sins. If a person strengthens his relationship with Allah, Allah will fix his problems with others. He created us to worship Him alone, turn to Him alone, love Him, fear Him, hope for His rewards, and be truthful with Him. Guard your obligatory daily prayers, and put what Allah ordered you to do before your personal desires. You mentioned that you drank alcohol; this is a major sin, for which you should repent to Allah. Many people do not know that personal sins have an effect on their relationships; therefore, strengthening your faith is the most important step in having a successful marriage.

Being the head of the family, you have the responsibility to bring the family back to order and compassion. You said that you abused your wife, so apologize to her and show her that you love her and that you regret doing anything harmful to her. When you do that for the sake of Allah, Allah will change your situation.
To change your situation, you have to be patient with what I am about to tell you and not be in haste or be unconvinced. Here is my advice to you:

1- As mentioned before, change your life by strengthening your faith.
2- Repent to Allah from all sins.
3- Guard your prayers on time, especially in the masjid.
4- Do not leave your wife by herself; live together. Even if it is more expensive, it is important to stay together.
5- You have to be extremely kind to your wife; never say harsh words to her, let alone beating her, and treat her with respect and love.
6- Oppose her rudeness with gentleness and patience.
7- Advise your wife to be patient with your parents, and show her that you understand that they are harsh towards her so that she feels that you are supportive and not against her.
8- Minimize the interaction between your parents and your wife by keeping your wife with you. At the same time, be very kind to your parents.
9- What you mentioned in your letter is not sufficient to divorce your wife; rather, you need to change, and so does she, so be patient.
10- Supplicate Allah that He bless your family; it is the most successful tool ever.

May Allah make it easy and bless your family for you.


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Sunday, November 12, 2017

Scholars Biographies: Shaykh Abdullah al-Qar’aawee

1315H–1389H: Shaikh 'Abdullaah bin Muhammad Al-Qar'aawee

Author: Fawaaz bin 'Alee Al-Madkhalee
Source: His compilation "Tareeq-ul-Wusool ilaa Eedaah ath-Thalaathat-il-Usool. Produced By:  Al-Ibaanah.com

He was Shaikh 'Abdullaah bin Muhammad bin Hamad bin Muhammad Al-Qar'aawee [2] An-Najdee from the district of Qaseem in Najd. He played a great role in Calling to Allaah and spreading the authentic creed, particularly in the southern regions of Saudi Arabia, where this (Salafee) Da'wah thrived and prospered.

He, may Allaah have mercy on him, was born in Dhul-Hijjah of 1315H in the city of 'Unayzah. His father passed away two months prior to his birth, so he was raised an orphan under the care and auspices of his mother and paternal uncle. He was brought up learning the basic elementary studies, uprightness, purification and memorization of the Qur'aan. During the first part of his life, he occupied himself with conducting business, but he changed to seeking knowledge. He traveled to India twice and then moved throughout the cities of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia seeking knowledge. So he traveled from Buraydah to Makkah and then to Madeenah, Riyadh, Ihsaa and Qatar. In fact, he even transcended beyond the Arabian Peninsula, visiting Iraq, Egypt and Syria.

Afterward, he commenced his Call to reformation, turning his attention to the southern region of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. He settled in Saamitah and made it the center for his Da'wah. So he began calling the people to have Taqwaa of Allaah and to adhere to the beliefs of the pious predecessors (Salaf as-Saalih), with wisdom and fair admonition. Many students would gather around him, and so he would have a large following of people who came to him seeking knowledge. So he held gatherings, teaching them the Qur'aan, Tafseer, Tajweed, Tawheed, Hadeeth, Fiqh, Laws of Inheritance, and some of the sciences of the Arabic language. [3]

Then he focused on some of the neighboring towns of Saamitah and opened various educational institutes, appointing some of his main students as teachers in them – students the likes of Shaikh Haafidh Al-Hakamee (rahimahullaah), about whom he said: "He is one of my students, however he has surpassed me in knowledge by far."

He would supply these schools with everything that students stood in need of, such as books, notepads and so on, purchasing that with his personal donations. He would also go out in person to visit the neighboring villages on certain days to the point that the people turned towards seeking knowledge under him. The Shaikh's schools spread out from the district of Tuhaamah to the district of 'Aseer. He opened many schools and institutes within these regions and appointed his major students to teach in them.

Some of the main objectives of his Da'wah were to rectify the Creed in the people's souls, to cultivate the true Islaam into the hearts of the Muslim youth and to guide them to the correct path. Prior to his arrival, the community was living upon ignorance and false notions. So the Shaikh, may Allaah have mercy on him, produced students that were strong in their Creed to guide the people and call them to Allaah. So his efforts were crowned with success and many of the people began to perform the obligations at their proper times.

During the last part of his life, he was afflicted with a painful sickness, as a result of which he was forced to move to Riyadh where he was admitted into its central hospital. On Tuesday, the 8th of Jumaadaal-Oolaa, 1389H, the Shaikh passed away, having reached around 73 years of age – a lifetime which he spent serving knowledge, seeking it and spreading it to the people. He, may Allaah have mercy on him, is regarded today as one of the Imaams of the Islamic Da'wah of the 14th Hijree Century, particularly in the districts of Tuhaamah and 'Aseer, which serve as the birthplace of his Da'wah.

For more about Imaam Al-Qar'aawee, refer to the book "Shaikh Haafidh bin Ahmad Al-Hakamee – His Life and Effects" (pg. 31-35) written by our sheikh, Zayd bin Muhammad Al-Madkhalee, rahimahullaah, and the book "Shaikh 'Abdullaah Al-Qar'aawee and his Da'wah in the South of the Kingdom" (pg. 12) by As-Sahlee.


Footnotes:

[1] Translator's Note: This book was compiled by Fawaaz al-Madkhalee from classes Shaikh Zayd Al-Madkhalee (rahimahullaah) gave on the explanation of the famous book "The Three Fundamental Principles" in the First Shaikh 'Abdullaah bin Muhammad Al-Qar'aawee Educational Seminar, which was held in 1415H in the district of Jaazaan.

[2] Translator's Note: Al-Qar'aawee was the nickname of his grandfather, which was an ascription to a town he lived in called al-Qar'aa, within the confines of the city of Buraydah. See Fatawaa al-Jaliyyah, footnote 3 on (pg. 5).

[3] Shaikh 'Abdullaah Al-Qar'aawee served as one of the carriers of the Sunnah and one of the callers to it during that time period. He studied under the noble scholars of his region of Najd and elsewhere. He longed to be one of the callers to Allaah and to be one of those who would revive His Religion, aiding the truth, and guiding the people from deviation to the truth and from Shirk to Tawheed. He yearned to be from those who would warn the people against the evils that are the cause for Allaah's Anger. So Allaah willed for him to be from those who called to his Path in the southern region of Saudi Arabia. This was due the suggestion of his teacher at that time, the former Muftee of Saudi Arabia, Shaikh Muhammad bin Ibraaheem (rahimahullaah), to go there.

This happened after Shaikh Al-Qar'aawee confided in him a dream he had in which he saw himself go down to the southern regions of Saudi Arabia. So he set out for the south and ended up in Jaazaan in the year 1358H. Thereafter, he advanced to the city of Saamitah, and Allaah benefited the people of these lands through him. So the people of the south learned the Book and the Sunnah from him and they began to understand the Religion of Allaah at his hands.

When he first came to Saamitah, he opened the first Madrasah Salafiyyah (Salafee School) there in Sha'baan 1358H, and began teaching in it shortly thereafter. The school was opened in the house of Shaikh Naasir bin Khaloofah, may Allaah have mercy on him.

At the head of his students, were:

  • Shaikh Haafidh bin Ahmad al-Hakamee,
  • Shaikh Ahmad bin Yahyaa An-Najmee,
  • Shaikh 'Umar Jardee Al-Madkhalee,
  • Shaikh Muhammad bin Ahmad Al-Hakamee, and
  • other scholars, at whose hands Allaah raised the Sunnah and subdued innovation.

[This excerpt is from footnote 3 on (pg. 5) of Al-Fatawaa al-Jaliyyah, written by the compiler of the book, Hasan bin Muhammad Ad-Dagreeree.]


Filed under: .Islam Sunnah Salafiyyah, Scholars Biographies Tagged: Al-Ibaanah.com, Imaam Qar'aawi, Shaykh Fawaaz al-Madkhalee
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Saturday, November 11, 2017

Brief Biography: Imam Al-Laalikaa’ee (d.418H)

Imaam Abul-Qaasim Hibatullaah Al-Laalikaa'ee

Source: Intro to the Book "The Creed of Imam Bukhaaree"
Translated by: Dawud Burbank rahimahullaah

He was Abul-Qaasim Hibatullaah, Ibn al-Hasan bin Mansoor ar-Raazee, at-Tabaree, al-Laalikaa'ee. The author of the encyclopedia of the 'aqeedah of the Salaf called Sharh Usool I'tiqaad Ahlis-Sunnah wal Jamaa'ah.

He lived in a time of great confusion and political strife and division. A time when innovations were widespread and were propagated by their profounder and followers, including the Mu'tazilah, the Qadariyyah, the Khawaarij, the Murjiah, the Rawaafid and others besides them. Around his time many of the scholars of Ahlus-Sunnah wal-Jamaa'ah stood to author books in defense of the 'aqeedah of the Companions, the Taabe'een and the Salaf after them and to warn against the widespread innovations.

However, the book of al-Laalikaa'ee is the most comprehensive of all those books and its reader can delight in the abundance of knowledge and guidance contained therein. He reports from more than 180 people and this indicates the large number of Shaykhs he learnt from.

Amongst his students was the famous al-Khateeb al-Baghdaadee who said about him in his Taareekh Baghdaad (14/70): "We wrote from him and he used to understand and memorize (well)."

Ibn Katheer said about him in al-Bidaayah (12/24): "He used to understand and memorize and he (was always) concerned and anxious about hadeeth." He was known for his precision and his perspicacity in hadeeth. One of his students saw Abul-Qaasim al-Laalikaa'ee after his death in a good dream.

Al-Khateeb al-Baghdaadee mentions this and those after him narrate it from him, 'Alee bin al-Hasan bin Jadaa al-'Akbaree said: 'I saw Abul-Qaasim at-Tabaree in a dream and I said to him. What has Allaah done with you?' He said: 'He has forgiven me.' I said: 'For what reason?' And it was as if he said in a word in a lowered, subdued voice: 'The Sunnah.'

He died in the year 418H whilst he was middle-aged, before he became famous for his knowledge and his works, may Allaah have mercy upon him. Refer to the introduction to Sharh Usoolil-Itiqaad (1/65-101) by Ahmad Sa'd Hamdaan for more details.

Source: Originally published in al-manhaj .com website ( this site no more exists)


Filed under: .Islam Sunnah Salafiyyah, Scholars Biographies Tagged: Abu Talha Dawood Burbank
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Friday, November 10, 2017

Scholars Biographies: Imaam Abu Ja’far Ahmad Ibn Muhammad At-Tahaawee

Imaam Abu Ja'far Ahmad Ibn Muhammad At-Tahaawee

Source : Shaikh al-Albaanee's checking and notes to the Sharh and Matn  of Aqeedah Tahaawiyyah

His Name and Lineage: 

He was the Imaam, the Muhaddith, the Faqeeh, the Haafidh, the noble Scholar, Abu Ja'far Ahmad bin Muhammad bin Salaamah bin Salama 'Abdul-Malik bin Salama Al-Azdee At-Tahaawee. Al-Azadee is an ascription to a well-known tribe from Qahtaan. At-Tahaawee is an ascription to the land Tahaa in Upper Egypt.

His Search for Knowledge: 

His lineage in knowledge is connected to his family and uncles, for his father was from the scholars and his uncle was the Imaam Isma'eel bin Yahyaa Al-Muznee. (Died 264H). He was born in 239H. When he reached the age of adolescence, he moved to Egypt in search of knowledge. Al-Muznee was the one with the most knowledge of Fiqh amongst the companions of Imaam Muhammad bin Idrees Ash-Shaafi'ee in his land. And likewise his mother was from the people of knowledge and narrations.

Then he linked with the scholars of Egypt as well as those who came to Egypt. And his teachers were many, as were his students.

Every time the scope of his horizons would widen, he would find himself confused amidst a score of Fiqh issues. And he would not find the sufficient answers from his uncle that would soothe his confusion over these issues. So he began to examine what his uncle would do when he was faced with these kinds of contradictory opinions. His uncle would refer a lot to the books of the associates of Abu Haneefah (i.e. Hanafis), and he would favor many of the opinions of Abu Haneefah with regard to these issues. These favored opinions of his were recorded in his book "Mukhtasar Al-Muznee."

So after that he was left with no choice but to look into the books of the associates of Abu Haneefah and adopt their methodology in establishing fundamental principles and deriving subsidiary rulings. This is such that when he completed his knowledge of the madh-hab of Imaam Abu Haneefah, he changed to that madh-hab and became one of its followers. But this did not prevent him from opposing and contradicting some of the (erroneous) opinions held by the Imaam (Abu Haneefah) and preferring the opinions of the other Imaams (on certain issues). This is because he, may Allaah have mercy on him, was not a muqallid (blind follower) of Abu Haneefah. But rather he only saw the methodology of Abu Haneefah in Fiqh as being the most exemplary of methodologies, according to his opinion – so he treaded that path. This is why you will find him in his book "Ma'aanee Al-Athaar" affirming some views that his Imaam (Abu Haneefah) did not hold. What supports what we stated just now, is what Ibn Zoolaaq stated:

"I heard Abul-Hasan 'Alee Ibn Abee Ja'far At-Tahaawee say: I heard my father say: ' (and he mentioned the virtues of Abu 'Ubayd Harbaway and his Fiqh and said) He would ask me about (Fiqh) issues. So one day I gave my answer to one issue, so he said to me: 'This is not the opinion of Abu Haneefah.' So I said: 'O judge (Qaadee), do I have to hold the same opinion for every opinion that Abu Haneefah held?" So he said: 'I didn't think you were more than a blind follower.' I said to him: 'And does anyone blindly follow someone except he who is a fanatic?' He said: 'Or a simple-minded person.' So this story spread throughout Egypt, such that it became a proverb and the people memorized it.'"

He was educated under many shuyookh, whom he took knowledge and benefited from. He had more than three hundred teachers. He would spend lots of time with those scholars that came to visit Egypt from different parts of the world, such that he would add to his knowledge what knowledge they had. This shows you the extent of the concern he had for benefiting and learning from the scholars, as well as the intense eagerness he had for acquiring knowledge. Many scholars praised him and described him as being reliable, trustworthy, a Faqeeh, intelligent, a good memorizer and a pious worshipper. He had a high proficiency in Fiqh and Hadeeth.

The Scholars' Praise for Him: 

Ibn Yoonus said: "At-Tahaawee was reliable, trustworthy, a Faqeeh, intelligent, the likes of whom one did not come afterward."

Imaam Adh-Dhahabee said in his At-Taareekh al-Kabeer: "He was the Faqeeh, the Muhaddith, the Haafidh, one of the elite personalities, and he was reliable, trustworthy, knowledgeable of Fiqh and intelligent."

Ibn Katheer said in Al-Bidaayah wan-Nihaayah: "He was one of the reliable, trustworthy and brilliant scholars of Hadeeth (Haafidh)."

He served as an intermediary for the knowledge between those who came before (Salaf) and those who came after (Khalaf). The scholars praised him and mentioned him as being a Muhaddith (scholar of Hadeeth), one whose report was reliable and an established narrator. He was distinguished and highly proficient in writing. And he became the most knowledgeable of Fiqh amongst the Hanafis in Egypt. This was even though he had a share in the Fiqh of all of the madh-habs of Fiqh and Hadeeth, and he knew of the various sciences of Islaam.

His Books: 

As for his writings, then for the most part, they are verifications and compilations, containing many benefits. Among his writings is "Al-'Aqeedah At-Tahaawiyyah", which we are writing the introduction for now, as well as for its explanation (by Ibn Abee Al-'Izz). Even though the size of the book is small, its benefits are many and its methodology is that of the Salaf. And you will find that it contains everything the Muslim needs concerning his Creed. There is also his book "Ma'aanee Al-Athaar", which is a book in which he presents different areas of research in Fiqh along with their evidences. And during the course of his research, he mentions the issues in which there are differences of opinion amongst the scholars. And he lists the proofs and evidences for each opinion and debates them, outweighing which one appears to be the truth according to him. This book will accustom the student of knowledge with understanding Fiqh and it will acquaint him with the areas of difference of opinion.

He left behind many other great works, close to forty different books, amongst which are: Sunan Ash-Shaafi'ee, Mushkil Al-Athaar, Ahkaam-ul-Qur'aan, Al-Mukhtaar, Sharh Al-Jaam'i-ul-Kabeer, Sharh Al-Jaam'i-us-Sagheer, Ash-Shuroot, Nawaadir al-Fiqhiyyah and others.

Imaam At-Tahaawee was well known and famous for commanding good and forbidding evil, for voicing out the truth and returning to that which he held to be the truth without being affected by the (other) scholars, rulers and associates.

Sufficient for us is the agreement of the majority of the scholars upon accepting this Creed, which has been truthfully called: "An Explanation of the Creed of Ahlus-Sunnah wal-Jamaa'ah." And no one speaks against it except for those who rebel against the Creed held within it such as some remnants from the Mu'tazilah and the people of Hulool and Ittihaad (Sufi belief that Allaah is incarnate within His creation), and those who follow any opinion.

His Death: 

Imaam At-Tahaawee died on a Thursday at the beginning of Dhul-Qa'adah in 321H and was buried in the Qaraafah graveyard in Egypt. May Allaah have mercy on him.

Source: Originally published in al-manhaj .com website ( this site no more exists)

 


Filed under: .Islam Sunnah Salafiyyah, Scholars Biographies Tagged: Imam Tahaawee
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Thursday, November 9, 2017

Scholars Biographies: Imaam Abu Muhammad Al-Hasan Ibn ‘Alee Al-Barbahaaree

Imaam Abu Muhammad Al-Hasan Ibn 'Alee Al-Barbahaaree

Author: Compiled from Several Sources
Translator: Abu Talha Dawood Burbank rahimahullaah

His Name, Kunyah and Lineage: 

He is the Imaam, the Example, the Mujaahid, the Shaikh of the Hanbalee scholars and greatest of them in his time: Abu Muhammad Al-Hasan Ibn 'Alee Ibn Khalf Al-Barbahaaree – an ascription to Barbahaar, which were medicines imported from India.

His Birthplace and Early Life: 

The references available do not mention anything about his birth or early life but it appears that he was born and brought up in Baghdad. This is apparent from his fame amongst its general public, not to mention its scholars. Furthermore, Al-Barabahaaree sat with a group of the companions of the Imaam of Ahl-us-Sunnah wal-Jamaa'ah, Ahmad Ibn Hanbal, rahimahullaah. He studied under them and most of them came from Baghdad as will be explained. This shows that he grew up in an environment of knowledge and adherence to the Sunnah. This clearly had a great influence on his personality.

t.gifHis Teachers and His Seeking after Knowledge: 

Al-Barbahaaree was pre-eminent in seeking after knowledge and expanded great efforts to attain it. He acquired knowledge from a group of the senior students of Imaam Ahmad Ibn Hanbal, except that unfortunately, the references available to us only state two of them by name and they are:

1. Ahmad Ibn Muhammad Ibn-ul-Hajjaaj Ibn 'Abd-il-'Azeez Abu Bakr Al-Marwazee: The exemplary Imaam, scholar and Muhaddith, a student of Imaam Ahmad. He died on the sixth of Jumaadal-Oolaa in the year 275H.

2. Sahl Ibn 'Abdullaah Ibn Yoonus At-Tustaree, Abu Muhammad: The Imaam, worshipper and one known for abstemiousness from this world. Many wise sayings are reported from him and many remarkable happenings. He died in the month of Muharram in the year 283H, at the age of about eighty.

His Knowledge and the Scholars' Praise for Him: 

Imaam Al-Barbahaaree, rahimahullaah, was a formidable and imposing Imaam who spoke out with the truth and called to the Sunnah and to the following of narrations. He also had renown and the respect of the ruler. In his gatherings, various circles for the study of Hadeeth, the narrations and Fiqh were held. These were attended by many of the scholars of Hadeeth and Fiqh.

The scholar, Abu 'Abdillaah said: "If you see a person of Baghdad loving Abul-Hasan Ibn Bashshaar and Abu Muhammad Al-Barbahaaree, then know that he is a person of the Sunnah."

His high status is shown by what his student, Ibn Battah, rahimahullaah, said: "I heard him – meaning Al-Barbahaaree – saying when the people were prevented from Hajj: 'O People! If anyone needs assistance to the level of a hundred thousand Deenaars and a hundred thousand Deenaars and a hundred thousand Deenaars – five times – then I will assist him.'" Ibn Battah said: "If he wanted it the people would have given it to him."

As regards the scholars' praise for him, then a great deal has been reported:

Ibn Abee Ya'laa said: "Shaikh of the Community in his time and the foremost of them in censuring the people of innovation and in opposing them with his hand and tongue. And he had renown with the rulers and prominence amongst those of knowledge. And he was one of the wise scholars, great and precise memorizers of the texts and one of the reliable believers"

Adh-Dhahabee said in Al-'Ibar: "…the exemplary scholar, Shaikh of the Hanbalees in 'Iraaq in speech, action and sticking to what is lawful. He had great renown and total respect."

Ibn Al-Jawzee said: "…He gathered knowledge and had abstention from this world (zuhd) and was strong against the people of innovation."

Ibn Katheer said: "The abstemious, man of knowledge, the Hanbalee scholar, the admonisher – and he was strict against the people of innovation and sin. He had great standing and was respected by the elite and by the common people."

His Piety and Abstemiousness: 

Imaam Al-Barbahaaree was known for both of these qualities. This can be seen by what Abul-Hasan Ibn Bashshaar mentioned: "Al-Barbahaaree shunned seventy-thousand Deenaars, which he inherited from his father." Ibn Abee Ya'laa said: "Al-Barbahaaree strove greatly and stood firm for the Religion many times."

His Position with Regard to the People of Innovation: 

Imaam Al-Barbahaaree, rahimahullaah, was very stern against the people of innovations and deviant sects, opposing them with his tongue and his hand, all the while following the way of Ahl-us-Sunnah wal-Jamaa'ah with regards to the treatment of the people of innovation and deviation. His desire was that this Religion remain pure and be kept free from all that the people of innovation and deviance sought to attach to it, whether the beliefs of the Jahmiyyah, the Mu'tazilah, the 'Ash'arees, the Soofees or the Shee'ah and Raafidees.

He makes clear the methods employed by the people of deviant sects to give sanction to their innovations, and he warns us against falling into their ways and methods. He lays out for us the broad and clear outlines describing the people of deviant sects and innovations. It is as if you are looking straight at them.

In summery, his position with regard to the people of deviant sects and innovations was clearly one of opposition and sternness due to his concern and love for the Sunnah and due to the efforts of every deviant innovator to attack it. His position is rightfully seen as a fine example of the positions of the Imaams of Ahl-us-Sunnah with regard to the people of innovation, deviation and misguidance.

His Students: 

A large number of students learned from this Imaam and benefited from him, since he was an example in both word and deed. And from these students are:

1. The exemplary Imaam and Scholar, Abu 'Abdillaah Ibn 'Ubaydullaah Ibn Muhammad Al-'Ukbaree, well known as Ibn Battah, who died in Muharram of the year 387H.

2. The exemplary Imaam, well known for his wise sayings, Muhammad Ibn Ahmad Ibn Isma'eel Al-Baghdaadee, Abul-Husayn Ibn Sam'oon, the admonisher, famous for his deeds and condition. He died in the middle of Dhul-Qa'adah in the year 387H.

3. Ahmad Ibn Kaamil Ibn Khalf Ibn Shajarah, Abu Bakr, the narrator of this book from its author

4. Muhammad Ibn Muhammad Ibn 'Uthmaan, Abu Bakr, about whom Al-Khateeb Al-Baghdaadee (rahimahullaah) said: "It reached me that he used to lead the life of an ascetic and was upon good except that he reported some things that were weak and without basis."

A Glimpse of His Words and Poetry: 

Abu 'Abdillaah Ibn Battah (rahimahullaah) said: "I heard Abu Muhammad Al-Barbahaaree say: 'Sitting in order to advise sincerely is to open the door of benefit and sitting in order to debate is to close the doors of benefit.'" And he said: "The people are in constant delusion."

From his poetry is:

"Whoever satisfies himself with what suffices him –
Begins rich and continues in following the correct way:
How fine an attribute Allaah has made being satisfied with what suffices –
How many a humble person it has raised high
The soul of the youth feels constricted if it is poor
But if he is patiently dependent upon his Lord he would indeed be given ease and sufficiency."

His Trial and Death: 

Imaam Al-Barbahaaree, rahimahullaah, had renown and a position of great respect with the common people and the elite and also had status in the eyes of the ruler. However, his enemies from the people of the deviant sects and innovations did not cease in their efforts to incite the ruler against him and to cause anger in his heart against him. This was to the point that in the year 321H, the Khaleefah, Al-Qaahir ordered his minister Ibn Muqlah to arrest Al-Barbahaaree and his students. Al-Barbahaaree hid, however a group of his major students were captured and taken to Basrah. Allaah, the most High, punished Ibn Muqlah for this action by causing Al-Qaahir Billaah to become angry with him, so Ibn Muqlah fled and was removed from his post and his house was burned. Then Al-Qaahir Billaah was himself imprisoned on the sixth of Jumaadal-Aakhirah, 322H. He was stripped of his position and blinded in both eyes. Then Allaah, the Most High, granted that Al-Barbahaaree return to his place of honor.

When Abu 'Abdillaah Ibn 'Arafah, well known as Niftawaih died, his funeral was attended by many prominent people and scholars and the congregation was lead by Al-Barbahaaree and that occurred in Safar of the year 323H. It was in this year also that Al-Barbahaaree's standing grew and his words carried greater weight and his students became apparent and spread out amongst the people, censuring the innovators. It reached the point that once when Al-Barbahaaree was on the western side of the city and sneezed, his students replied to him and (were so many that) the Khaleefah heard the noise they made in his apartment, so he asked about what had happened. So when he was informed he became afraid.

The innovators still did not cease trying to cause the heart of the Khaleefah Ar-Raadee to turn against Al-Barbahaaree. This was to the point that Ar-Raadee gave the order to Badr Al-Harasee, his chief of police, that he should ride out in public in Baghdad with the proclamation that no two students of Al-Barbahaaree were allowed to meet together. Again he hid himself having previously settled in the west of the city, he now secretly moved to the east. He died in this state in the year 329H.

Ibn Abee Ya'laa said: Muhammad Ibn Al-Hasan Al-Muqri narrated to me, saying: My grandfather and also my grandmother related to me that:

"Abu Muhammad Al-Barbahaaree was hidden by the sister of Toozoon in the eastern side of the town in the alleyway of the public bathhouse…he was there for about a month then his blood ceased flowing. When Al-Barbahaaree died, still in hiding, the sister of Toozoon said to her servant: 'Find someone to wash him.' So someone came to wash him and the door was kept locked so that no one would know. He alone stood to pray for him, but when the woman who owned the house looked, she found that it was full of men wearing white and green clothing. After he had ended the Funeral Prayer, she did not see anyone at all, so she called to her servant and said: 'You have destroyed me along with my brother!' So he said: 'Did you not see what I saw?' 'Yes', she replied. He said: 'Here are the keys to the door and it is still locked.' So she said: 'Bury him in my house and when I die bury me near him…'"

May Allaah have mercy on Imaam Al-Barbahaaree and grant him a great reward. He was an Imaam in truth, an example, knowing Allaah, and a follower of the Sunnah, and an unsheathed sword against the people of innovation and deviation.

Source: Originally published in al-manhaj .com website ( this site no more exists)


Filed under: .Islam Sunnah Salafiyyah, Scholars Biographies Tagged: Abu Talha Dawood Burbank, Imam Barbahaaree
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Wednesday, November 8, 2017

Scholars Biographies: Imaam Abu ‘Abdillaah `Ubaydullaah Al-`Ukbaree, Ibn Battah

Imaam Abu 'Abdillaah `Ubaydullaah Al-`Ukbaree, Ibn Battah

He was Abu 'Abdillaah `Ubaydullaah bin Muhammad Ibn Battah Al-`Ukbaree Al-Hanbalee, known as "Ibn Battah."He was the Imaam, the Hadeeth Master (Haafidh), the Hanbalee Legal Jurist (Faqeeh), the devout worshipper and ascetic. He was born in the year 304H in Ukbaraa, a land close to Baghdad, and died in the year 387H. His father was a Faqeeh and it was under his auspices that he began his studies and he often reports from him in his books. He was sent to Baghdad to study hadeeth while still young. Then he traveled to various lands such as Shaam, Basrah, Makkah and Thagur studying under a host of the leading scholars of his time and excelled in 'Aqeedah, Hadeeth and Fiqh.

He heard from the likes of Abu al-Qaasim al-Baghawee, Abu Dharr al-Baaghandee, Abu Bakr bin Ziyaad an-Naisabooree, Isma`eel al-Warraaq, al-Qaadee al-Mahaamalee, Muhammad bin Mukhlid, Abu Taalib Ahmad bin Nasr al-Haafidh, Muhammad bin Ahmad bin Thaabit al-'Ukbaree, 'Alee bin Abee al-Aqab, Ahmad bin Ubayd as-Saffaar, Ibn Saa`id and others.

A group of the scholars narrated from him such as: Abu al-Fath bin Abee al-Fawaaris, Abu Nu`aym al-Asbahaanee, Ubaydullaah al-Azharee, 'Abdul-'Azeez al-Azjee, Abu Ishaaq al-Barmakee, Abu Muhammad al-Jawharee, Muhammad bin Ahmad bin Eesaa as-Sa`see and others. He has been praised by more than one Imaam and was famous for enjoining the good and forbidding the evil. [See Ibn Katheer's Al-Bidaayah wan-Nihaayah (11/368-369); Ibn Hajr's Lisaan al-Meezaan (4/133+) and Adh-Dhahabee's Siyar A'alaam an-Nubalaa (16/529-533)

Al-Khateeb al-Baghdaadee said: Abu Haamid ad-Dawlee narrated to me that when Ibn Battah returned from his travels he confined himself to his house for forty years [only rarely going out]. He was not seen in the market place and neither was he seen breaking fast except on the day of 'Eed. He used to enjoin the good and not a single bad narration [concerning people] would reach him except that he put it in a better light." [See Al-Khateeb Al-Baghdaadee's Taareekh Baghdaad (10/372)]

'Abdul-Waahid bin 'Alee al-'Ukbaree said, "I have not seen any of the scholars from the Ashaabul Hadeeth or other than them having a better disposition and mannerism than Ibn Battah" [See Al-Khateeb Al-Baghdaadee's Taareekh Baghdaad (10/372)]

Ahmad bin Muhammad al-'Ateeqee said, "Ibn Battah was a righteous Shaykh, one whose supplications were answered." [Ibn al-Jawzee in Al-Muntadhim (7/194)]

Abu al-Fath al-Qawwaas said: "I mentioned the knowledge and asceticism of Ibn Battah to Abu Sa`eed al-Ismaa`eelee and so he went to him. When he returned he commented: 'His [knowledge and asceticism] is beyond description.'" [Ibn Hajr Al-'Asqalaanee in Lisaan al-Meezaan(4/134)]

Abu Mas`ood Ahmad bin Muhammad al-Bajlee, the Haafidh said, "I have loved the Hanbalees since the day I saw Abu 'Abdillaah Ibn Battah." [Ibn Abee Ya`laa in Tabaqaatul Hanaabilah (2/145)]

Ibn al-'Imaad said: "…the great Imaam, the Haafidh, Ibn Battah, the Hanbalee Faqeeh and righteous servant." [Shadharaat adh-Dhahab (3/122)]

However in the field of hadeeth he has been criticized for his precision although in and of himself he is regarded to be truthful (sadooq). It is important to note that the scholars of Hadeeth have cleared him of the possibility of fabricating.

Refer to Al-Mughnee fee ad-Du`afaa (2/417), Al-Uluw (2/417), and Siyar A'alaam an-Nubalaa (16/529-533) of Adh-Dhahabee: Al-Laa`ee (1/85) of As-Suyootee, and others. A defense of him against a number of criticisms leveled against him can be found in Ibn al-Jawzee's Al-Muntadhim(7/194+) and Al-Mu`allimee's At-Tankeel (pp. 561-571).

At this point it is necessary to mention that the People of Innovation have capitalized on a statement concerning this great Imaam made by al-Haafidh Ibn Hajr al-'Asqalaanee, may Allaah have mercy on him. Using this statement they have attempted to declare this Imaam a fabricator and liar, may Allaah forgive them and us.

Ibn Hajr in his notice of Ibn Battah begins by declaring him an Imaam and then proceeds to criticize him for his lack of precision in narration. He quotes the words of Al-'Ateeqee about him that "…despite his lack of precision [in narrating] he was an Imaam in the Sunnah and an Imaam in Fiqh, possessor of miraculous events and one whose supplications were answered, may Allaah be pleased with him."

He then proceeds to mention a munkar narration concerning the Attributes of Allaah and after identifying Ibn Battah as being the source of this narration [although his being the culprit is differed over by the Scholars of Hadeeth], Ibn Hajr comments: "And I do not know what I should say about Ibn Battah after this."

It should be noted here that if Ibn Hajr thought Ibn Battah to be a liar or fabricator it would been necessary for him to mention this clearly, for the likes of this Haafidh could not possibly remain silent on such an issue.

Furthermore, as-Suyootee, may Allaah have mercy upon him, further clarifies Ibn Hajr's position on him. After quoting the above mentioned words of Ibn Hajr, he says: "I saw in the handwriting of Ibn Hajr in his notes to 'Mukhtasar al-Mawdoo`aat' of Ibn Darbaas [concerning this hadeeth], "This false addition that occurs at the end of it is not present here and so it is clear that it occurs due to the poor memory of Ibn Battah."

So in this narration Ibn Hajr explicitly clears Ibn Battah of intentional fabrication and hence his stance on him falls in line with the majority of Hadeeth Masters. Allaah knows best. [Ibn Hajr Al-'Asqalaanee in Lisaan al-Meezaan (4/134) and As-Suyootee in Al-Laa`ee al-Masnoo`ah (1/75)]

His books concerning 'Aqeedah that have been published are:

1. Al-Ibaanah al-Kubraa – in seven volumes with the checking (tahqeeq) of Yusuf bin Abdullaah al-Waabil, and
2. Ash-Sharh wal-Ibaanah – with the checking (tahqeeq) of Dr. Ridaa Nu`saan.

Ibn Battah passed away in 387H, may Allaah have mercy on him.

Author/Translator:  Abu Rumaysah. Source: Various Sources
Source: Originally published in al-manhaj .com website ( this site no more exists)


Filed under: .Islam Sunnah Salafiyyah, Scholars Biographies


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