Monday, March 6, 2017

The Phenomenon of Suicide and How Islam Treated it

In recent years, the phenomena of discontent and man's contempt of himself and others, to the extent of eventually committing suicide by hanging or burning, have become widespread in the society. This is due to miserable conditions caused by poverty, social injustice, blockage of the horizons of decent life, discontent, impatience, or even – for example – rejection of the loss of one's team in a football match.

The phenomenon of suicide imposed itself upon the society and all of its classes, because of the lack of a religious deterrent and heedlessness of the sanctity of the human soul. Allah Almighty says (what means): {And do not kill yourselves [or one another]. Indeed, Allah is to you Ever Merciful. And whoever does that in aggression and injustice – then We will drive him into a Fire. And that, for Allah, is [always] easy.} [Quran 4: 29-30]

Man's discontent with his deteriorated social status, his displeasure with his conditions, and his impatience increase his misery and sadness. The Messenger of Allah, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, said:

The greatness of the reward is in accordance with the greatness of the affliction. When Allah Almighty loves some people, He tries them (with afflictions). He who is content (with the Decree of Allah) attains the pleasure (of Allah Almighty), and he who is discontent (with the Decree of Allah) incurs the displeasure (of Allah Almighty). [At-Tirmithi: good]

The Islamic sharia does not prevent protests and demonstrations that do not jeopardize the safety of the Muslims or cause the least harm to their possessions, souls, or honor. Property is equal to the soul. Properties and souls that were prohibited to be killed by Allah Almighty, except by legal right, are among the five necessities that were guaranteed to all Muslims by the upright sharia. They are: the soul, property, honor, religion, and reason.

One of the indisputably established facts of Islam about which many proofs from the book and the Sunnah were contiguously reported is the issue of the inviolability of the blood of the Muslim. The blood and property of the Muslim are granted protection by Islam, and the Muslim's sanctity is greater than that of the Sacred Ka‘bah, or even greater than the whole world.

The Messenger of Allah, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, said about this: "By Him in Whose Hands is my soul, killing a believer is greater in the sight of Allah Almighty than the perishing of the world."

The Prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, also said: "The first thing for which a person will be reckoned on the Day of Judgment is prayer. The first cases for which judgments will be issued will be the cases of blood-shedding." This is due to their great seriousness on the Day of Judgment.

If a slave reaches such a degree of discontentedness that he would kill himself or harm others, then he is threatened with a severe threat, according to the previously mentioned verse (which means): {And do not kill yourselves [or one another]. Indeed, Allah is to you Ever Merciful…} [Quran 4: 29] The verse means that no matter how hard the situation is, you have got a way out through the mercy of Allah, the Exalted; so ask for it, seek it, and fulfill its means, for Allah Almighty will have mercy upon you. If one leaves this path and kills himself or others, he will move to a torture that is greater than the one he tried to escape.

Abu Hurayrah, may Allah be pleased with him, narrated that the Prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, said:

Whoever purposely throws himself from a mountain and kills himself will be in the (Hell) Fire, falling down into it and abiding therein perpetually, forever; whoever drinks poison and kills himself with it will be carrying his poison in his hand and drinking it in the (Hell) Fire, wherein he will abide eternally forever; and whoever kills himself with an iron weapon will be carrying that weapon in his hand and stabbing his abdomen with it in the (Hell) Fire, wherein he will abide eternally forever. [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]

Hence, we realize that the noble Quran does not neglect this phenomenon, but that it treats it with the best treatment. Allah Almighty has prohibited killing a soul without a right cause in His noble Book, as He threatened those who do this with being cursed, anger, great punishment, and eternal abiding in Hellfire. Allah Almighty also praised those who avoid this tremendous crime. Allah, the Exalted, says (what means): {But whoever kills a believer intentionally – his recompense is Hell, wherein he will abide eternally, and Allah has become angry with him and has cursed him and has prepared for him a great punishment.} [Quran 4: 93]

How severe are these threats! So, remember such huge threats…because the Muslim has a high status in the sight of Allah Almighty, and the blood of the Muslim is the most precious blood that should be protected, and its shedding entails anger.

 

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