Monday, June 26, 2017

The Fasting Person Should Open His Fast with a Few Small Bites, Then Get up to Pray and then Come Back to Eat Without Being Excessive

The Imaam said, "It has been related from the Prophet ﷺ that he said, "There are three people who will not be called to account regarding what they eat, as long as it is halal: a fasting person, and the person eating the suhoor meal and the one guarding the frontier in the way of Allaah." [Hadith grading:] Fabricated.

The Imaam said, "And maybe one of the bad effects of this [fabricated] hadith is the [resultant] state of the Muslims today—for when they sit to break their fast in Ramadan, a person won't know to get up [and step away] from the food except just before Ishaa due to how many various types of food, drink, fruit and desserts he devours! And how can this not be the case when the hadith says that such a person is one of those who will not be called to account over what he eats!

So due to that they combined the excessiveness which one has been prohibited from in the Book and the Sunnah with the delaying of Maghrib which has [also] been prohibited in his saying, "My nation will remain in good …" or he said, "… upon the Fitrah, as long as they do not delay Maghrib until the stars appear." (Al-Haakim declared it to be authentic and adh-Dhahabi agreed with him and it is as they both said, for it has other paths and supporting proofs which I pointed to in Saheeh Sunan Abi Daawood, no. 444).

An encouragement to hasten in opening the fast has also been reported in many hadiths, like, "The people will continue to be fine as long as they hasten the opening of the fast." So both hadiths must be implemented in a manner where one doesn't negate the other, and that is done by starting iftaar with a few small bites of food by which one's hunger is calmed down, and then he gets up to pray and then, if he wants, he can come back to the food until he fulfils his need therefrom.

Some of this has been demonstrated in the practical Sunnah, for Anas said, "The Messenger of Allah ﷺ used to break his fast before praying with some fresh dates, but if there were no fresh dates, he had a few dry dates, and if there were no dry dates, he took some mouthfuls of water." (Reported by Abu Daawood and at-Tirmidhi and he said it was hasan, and it is in Saheeh Abi Daawood, no. 2040, and the one before it is agreed upon and it has been checked in Al-Irwaa, 899)."

Ad-Da'eefah, 2/92-93.


Filed under: Fasting Tagged: Al-Albaanee, Al-Albaani, Al-Albaany, albaani albaany albani albany albaanee
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Sunday, June 25, 2017

The valid intention of fasting

 

Question
 
In Ramadan, we performed the Taraaweeh prayer and bought our Sahoor (pre-dawn meal) and prepared it. Nevertheless, we slept and did not wake before dawn. Is that a valid intention, or is our fasting invalid?
 
Answer
 
All perfect praise be to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds. I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allah, and that Muhammad, sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam, is His Slave and Messenger.
 
Buying Sahoor and preparing it imply the intention of fasting the next day. Consequently, your fasting is valid, and the fact that you slept and did not eat Sahoor does not invalidate it.
Ibn Taymiyyah, may Allah have mercy upon him, said, "The intention of fasting in Ramadan, according to the consensus of scholars, does not require one to say, 'I am fasting tomorrow'; rather, it is enough to have the intention in his heart. The intention follows knowledge. When one knows what he wants to do, he must intend it. Consequently, when the Muslim knows that Ramadan will be from the next day and he is among those required to fast, he naturally intends fasting. Likewise, when he knows that 'Eed will be the next day, he (by default) will intend - that night - not to fast."
 
Allah Knows best.
 
 
Fatwa answered by: The Fatwa Center at Islamweb

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Saturday, June 24, 2017

Making Up Previous Ramadaan Fasts Missed with a Valid Excuse

Al-Albaani: Another Ramadaan has come round and you haven't made up for the [Ramadaan] fasts you missed from the previous year?

There is no harm in that, [but] you should begin making them up at the first opportunity that arises, even if many Ramadaans have passed you by.

Questioner: Yes.

Al-Albaani: There is no harm in that but it is better for a person to be quick to make up missed fasting days, whether a man or a woman, due to the Most High's Statement, "And hasten to forgiveness from your Lord and a garden [i.e., Paradise] as wide as the heavens and the earth." [Aali-Imraan 3:133]

But if he isn't quick, then, firstly, that doesn't take that obligation away from him, so he must [still] make them up, and [secondly], he doesn't have to do anything more than simply making them up.

Al-Hudaa wan-Noor: 81.


Filed under: Fasting Tagged: Al-Albaanee, Al-Albaani, Al-Albaany, albaani albaany albani albany albaanee
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Friday, June 23, 2017

On Fasting While Travelling

The Imaam said, "And the scholars have differed about fasting while on a journey in Ramadaan, there being a number of opinions, and there is no doubt that not fasting during a journey is allowed, and doing that is the preferred option in our opinion if the person not keeping it doesn't find it difficult to make it up [later], otherwise [i.e., if he does find it difficult to make up later] we prefer that he fasts, and Allaah knows best. And whoever wants to delve further into this topic should refer to Nailul-Awtaar or other books of the people of knowledge."

Ad-Da'eefah, vol. 2, pp. 336-337.

Commenting on al-Mundhiri's statement on whether or not to fast when on a journey, the Imaam said, "And he, may Allaah have mercy on him, spoke the truth [when he said], 'And the better of the two options is the one that is easier.' People's strength and circumstances differ, let each one do what is easier for him, and that is why it has been authentically reported that the Prophet ﷺ, when asked about fasting on a journey, said, 'Fast if you want, or break it if you want.' (Reported by Muslim 3/145). And from another authentic path [of narration] with the wording, 'Whichever is easier for you, do it,' and it has been checked in As-Saheehah, 2884."

At-Ta'leeq alat-Targheeb wat-Tarheeb, 1/456.


Filed under: Fasting Tagged: Al-Albaanee, Al-Albaani, Al-Albaany, albaani albaany albani albany albaanee
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Thursday, June 22, 2017

On the Hadith, “Fast and You Will be Healthy.”

Questioner: Is the hadith, 'Fast and you will be healthy,' authentic? If it isn't how so?

Al-Albaani: This hadith differs totally from the one we mentioned before it, that last hadith about which we said that its chain of narration was weak and [along with that] the text itself was untrue [as well].

This hadith [however] is weak in terms of its chain of narration but correct in its meaning, 'Fast and you will be healthy,' as a hadith reported from the Prophet ﷺ according to the scholars of hadith its chain of narration is not authentic, but the state of affairs shows, and, before that, general hadith like his saying ﷺ, 'It is enough for the Son of Adam to eat a few small bites that strengthens his spine. If he must have more, then let him fill a third with food, a third with drink and leave a third for his breathing,' … so hadiths like this confirm, and as occurs in another hadith which has no basis whatsoever but which does contain fine wisdom, 'Prevention is the best cure, and the stomach is the home of disease,' for this reason, this hadith, 'Fast and you will be healthy,'—its attribution to the Prophet ﷺ is not correct but, due to what we mentioned, its meaning is.

And what I mean when I say, 'Its attribution to the Prophet ﷺ is incorrect,' is that it is not allowed for a Muslim to say, 'Allaah's Messenger ﷺ said, 'Fast and you will be healthy,'' as you may have heard on some radio stations, this is not allowed. Why? Because the Prophet ﷺ said, 'Whoever attributes to me something that I have not said, let him take his place in Hell.'

So it is not allowed for a Muslim to say a sentence, even if in and of itself it is a piece of wisdom and is acceptable in the view of other general, legislated proofs, [yet] it is [still] not allowed for a Muslim to say, 'Allaah's Messenger ﷺ said,' unless it has, according to the scholars of hadith, been confirmed through the ways which establish the hadiths of the Prophet ﷺ.

Al-Hudaa wan-Noor, no. 692.


Filed under: Fasting Tagged: Al-Albaanee, Al-Albaani, Al-Albaany, albaani albaany albani albany albaanee
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Wednesday, June 21, 2017

A Man who Never Used to Pay Zakaat but who Then Repents and Wants to Pay It

 

Questioner: A man who was disobeying Allaah, very rich, then some years later he repents to Allaah, does he have to pay the zakaah of the previous years?

Al-Albaani: He must.
Al-Hudaa wan-Noor, 23.

Questioner: Okay, regarding zakaah, maybe the answer will become clear with this question, a man never gave zakaah for many years, then he repented and turned back to Allaah and wanted to give zakaah, so naturally, it is waajib for him to give the zakaah [for those years]?

Al-Albaani: He must.

Questioner: But he had agricultural land, and he doesn't know how much it yielded, he's forgotten, so how much zakaah is he to give?

Al-Albaani: According to the best estimate [he can make], as is the case with all matters that are unclear like this, he makes the best estimate he can, he calculates an amount, he strives, ya'ni, [to come to the best estimate he can], there is no specific amount that has been set.
Al-Hudaa wan-Noor, no. 31.

Questioner: A man stayed seven years, his wife has a lot of valuable gold, this ornamental gold, he doesn't know what the ruling is, for seven years he didn't pay the zakaah?

Al-Albaani: He pays the zakaah for those seven years even if [in the process] he were to lose all his house.
Al-Hudaa wan-Noor, no. 41.


Filed under: Fasting Tagged: Al-Albaanee, Al-Albaani, Al-Albaany, albaani albaany albani albany albaanee
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Tuesday, June 20, 2017

Virtues of reading the Quran

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To reflect upon the verses of Allah is a form of worship; it is something that will draw one close to Allah, Most High. This reflection is not a reckless and wandering one, rather, it includes a study of the classical Tafseer (exegesis) of the verses being pondered over. Allah, Most High, Says in the Quran (what means): "Then do they not reflect upon the Quran? If it had been from [any] other than Allah, they would have found within it much contradiction." [Quran: 4:82]

The Book of Allah is unlike any other; it is the timeless Speech of Allah, and not a created thing. It is the study guide for life, death, and what follows. Therefore, it deserves a far more careful study than anyone else's speech. It necessitates that its reader return to the early narrations of those who witnessed its revelation and heard its explanation by the one deputed by Allah to rehearse and explain His Words to humanity, Muhammad, sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam, (may Allah exalt his mention). For if one would try to ponder over the meanings of the verses without having done this study, then surely the filth of the time that he lives in and his ignorance of the correct application and understanding that the early Muslims had would cause him to understand some things not intended by Allah, Most High, and therefore he would go astray, thinking to be worshipping Allah. So, let every sincere Muslim who hopes to earn Allah's Love by reciting and reflecting over Allah's Book hold tight to the meanings explained by the Prophet sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam, and those taught by the Companions and their immediate followers, and the early scholars of Islam.

Dear Muslim brother and sister! Know that reciting and pondering over the Book of Allah and devoting regular time to its study and implementation has tremendous benefits in this life and the next. Let us now look at just a few of them to attach ourselves more firmly to the majestic Words of Allah. Each benefit stands as enough of an encouragement to shun any laziness we have and dedicate ourselves wholly to the Quran.

Reading and Reflecting Over the Quran Fulfils an Islamic Duty

The Prophet, sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam, summarised this religion with his statement: "The religion (of Islam) is naseehah (offering sincere advice)!" Tameem bin Aws, may Allah be pleased with him, said: "We asked, 'To whom?'" He, sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam, replied: "To Allah, His Book, His Messenger, the leaders of the people, and to their subjects." [Muslim] The sincerity that is due to the Book of Allah includes its regular recitation, learning the rules of Tajweed (the recitation of the Quran, according to specified rules) and reciting it beautifully, learning about its Tafseer and the reasons for its revelation, affirming that it is the truth, the perfect Speech of Allah and not part of the creation, honouring it and defending it, abiding by the orders and prohibitions found in it, and teaching it and calling to it.

The Quran will be a Proof for or against Us on the Day of Judgement

This is due to the statement of the Messenger, sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam: "And the Quran is a proof for you or against you." [Muslim] So, one of two things will occur with this proof, the Book of Allah. It will either be in one's favour, a proof for us on the Day when we will desperately need every single good deed, or it will be something standing against us. The very Speech of our Creator as a proof against us! Who could be saved from the terrors of that Day if Allah's own Speech is against Him?

Think carefully, dear Muslim brothers and sisters, about your position with the Quran. Are you neglecting it, contradicting it, and being heedless of its orders and prohibitions? Are you thinking deeply over it? Will it be on your side on the Day of Judgement?

The Quran will Intercede for Us on the Day of Judgement

Abu Umaamah, may Allah be pleased with him, related that the Prophet, sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam, said: "Read the Quran, for indeed it will come on the Day of Standing (Judgement) as an intercessor for its companions." [Muslim]

The Quran Raises One's Status in this Life

In Saheeh Muslim, which is one of the two most authentic books of prophetic narrations, we find a wonderful story about how a man from the people of Paradise, 'Umar bin Al-Khattaab, may Allah be pleased with him, understood this principle. The story is that once, some men came to question him during his reign as caliph regarding the leadership of Makkah. The men asked: "Who do you use to govern Makkah?" He, may Allah be pleased with him, said: "Ibn Abzaa." They asked: "And who is Ibn Abzaa?" 'Umar, may Allah be pleased with him, replied: "A freed slave from those we freed." They remarked: "You left a freed slave in command of the People of the Valley (the noble tribes of the Quraysh)?" He, may Allah be pleased with him, replied: "Indeed he is a reciter of the Book of Allah and is knowledgeable about the obligations of the Muslims. Haven't you heard the statement of your Messenger, sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam: "Verily Allah raises some people by this Book and lowers others by it""?

The People of the Quran are from Best of People

'Uthmaan, may Allah be pleased with him, said that the Prophet, sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam, said: "The best of you are those who learn the Quran and teach it to others." [Al-Bukhari]

There are Ten Rewards for Every Letter Recited from the Quran

As a Hadeeth (prophetic statement) in At-Tirmithi proves: "Whoever reads a letter from the Book of Allah, he will have a reward, and this reward will be multiplied by ten. I am not saying that 'Alif, Laam, Meem' (a combination of letters frequently mentioned in the Holy Quran) is a letter, rather I am saying that 'Alif' is a letter, 'Laam' is a letter and 'Meem' is a letter." [At-Tirmithi] So increase your recitation of the Quran to gain these merits, as well as the following ones.

The Reciters of the Quran Will Be in the Company of the Noble and Obedient Angels

'Aa'ishah, may Allah be pleased with her, related that the Prophet, sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam, said: "Indeed the one who recites the Quran beautifully, smoothly, and precisely, will be in the company of the noble and obedient angels. As for the one who recites with difficulty, stammering or stumbling through its verses, then he will have twice that reward." [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]

So dear brother or sister Muslim, do not let the Shaytaan (Satan) give you false excuses, such as 'I am not an Arab.' or 'It is not in my language.' This Hadeeth is a firm proof against these whisperings.

Dedicate yourself to the Book of Allah, whether you are an Arab or not! The excuses have been eliminated and the pathway has been cleared for you to embrace the Book of Allah without holding back or offering excuses! Surely you will not hesitate to seek a teacher or a study circle for the Quran once you hear the last and perhaps greatest benefits of reading and contemplating over the Quran.

One's Position and Rank in Paradise is Determined by the Amount of Quran He Memorised in this Life

'Abdullaah bin 'Amr bin Al-'Aas, may Allah be pleased with him, heard the Prophet, sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam, saying: "It will be said to the companion of the Quran: 'Read and elevate (through the levels of Paradise) and beautify your voice as you did when you were in the worldly life! For verily, your position in Paradise will be at the last verse you recite!'" [Abu Daawood and At-Tirmithi]

The Quran Leads to Paradise

The Quran states (what means): "Indeed the Quran guides to that which is most suitable and gives good tidings to the believers who do righteous deeds that they will have a great reward." [Quran: 17:9]

The Prophet, sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam, said: "The Quran is an intercessor - something given permission to intercede, and it is rightfully believed in. Whoever puts it in front of him, it will lead him to Paradise; whoever puts it behind him, it will steer him to the Hellfire." [At-Tabaraani]

Know, dear brothers and sisters, that these nine benefits from the numerous benefits available can only be attained by a sincere commitment to the Book of Allah, and not simply by an empty claim of love for it. Rather, the heart must be sincerely attached to the Book of Allah and the limbs and tongue will follow suit in this attachment. One must know that we only mentioned a few of the numerous benefits of reading and reflecting over the Quran. There are many other benefits that await your reading of the Quran and books of Hadeeth, such as the chapter of the Quran that will plead on your behalf in the grave, and that it is a physical healing, a source of rest and relaxation for your heart, among many other things.


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Monday, June 19, 2017

Miswaak: The natural toothbrush

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 The Miswaak was known before Islam, but Islam added a religious perspective to its usage.

The Prophetic guidance:

The Prophet Muhammad, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, recommended Muslims to clean their teeth using a Miswaak every day; especially upon waking up, when performing ablution, before prayer, when reciting the Quran, before sleeping, when entering the house, and when the mouth has a foul odor.

There are many Prophetic narrations that talk about Miswaak. Following are some of them:

'Aa'ishah, may Allah be pleased with her, related that the Prophet, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, said: "Ten things are part of one's natural disposition: Trimming the moustache, growing a beard, (using) the Miswaak, sniffing water, cutting the nails, washing hands, plucking armpits, shaving pubic hair, and conserving water." [Muslim]

Furthermore, he, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, highlighted its importance, saying: "If it were not that it would create hardship for my people, I would have ordered them to use the Miswaak with every ablution and with every prayer." [Al-Bukhari]

Medical discoveries:

The Miswaak is a natural tool for brushing the teeth. It is taken from the roots and branches of particular desert trees. It differs from one region to another, but in Arabia and Asia it is taken from the Arak tree. This is the most famous variety, and is the kind that was used by the Prophet, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam.

Its scientific name is Salvadora Persica. It is a tree that grows in hot equatorial countries, especially in desert valleys. It is widespread in the South of Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Sudan, Egypt, and elsewhere. 

 

Salvador Persica is an upright evergreen small tree or shrub, seldom more than one foot in diameter, reaching a maximum height of three meters. The leaves are small, oval, thick and succulent with a strong smell of cress or mustard.
The Miswaak is also obtained from other trees. In Africa, for example, it is cut from Lime and Orange trees, and in America some are cut from the Senna tree.

As the Arak tree is so well-known, and as it was the kind that the Prophet, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, used, it has been scientifically studied. The following summarize the various discoveries regarding Miswaak.

Health effects of Miswaak:

Physically, the Miswaak is a natural toothbrush. It is composed of a compact group of minute natural fibers that perform exactly the same function as a normal toothbrush except that it is made of natural rather than plastic fibers. For this reason it may be more gentle on the gums.

Miswaak's natural toothpaste is made up of many substances that are important for cleaning teeth. Many researchers have studied the Miswaak in depth, and have proven that Miswaak contains over ten different natural chemical compounds considered essential for good oral and dental hygiene.

They are: fluoride, silica, tannic acid, resins, alkaloids (salvadorine), volatile oils (sinigrin), sulfur vitamin C, sodium bicarbonate, chlorides, calcium, benzylisothiocyanate (BIT), and others including salicylic acids, sterols, trimethylamine, saponins, flavenoids.

Some of these components are stain removers and teeth whiteners, some protect teeth against caries, some are bactericidal and antiseptic, some help in healing and to repair tissues, some promote remineralization (building) of tooth enamel, and some give the pleasant taste and smell. 
    
Cytotoxicity:

Results of cytotoxictests showed no cytotoxic (cell damaging) effects from using freshly cut Miswaak. However, the same plant used 24 hours after cutting did contain harmful components. Based on these findings, researchers recommend cutting the used portion of the Miswaak after it has been used for a day and preparing a fresh part.

Scientific comparison between Miswaak and toothbrushes:

A clinical trial study on Ethiopian schoolchildren, comparing Miswaak with the conventional toothbrush, found Miswaak to be as effective as the toothbrush in removing oral deposits. The study also found instruction and supervision to be important since the children in the sample were not familiar with techniques for using Miswaak.

How to use Miswaak:

The method of preparing a Miswaak for use is to cut a branch or root of the Arak tree into pieces between 10 cm and 20cm in length, and between 4mm and 14mm in diameter. Occasionally some are thicker than this.

Fresh Miswaak is brown in color, with a hot, pleasant taste. People usually strip off some of the Miswaak's thin bark from one end, then chew that end a little to separate the fibers so that they become like the fibers of a normal toothbrush. They then use it to brush their teeth.

Length and diameter:

A length of 15cm is recommended, which is convenient to grip, and easy to manipulate in a confined space. The diameter is normally less than 1 centimeter, which provides a supple stick firm enough to transmit the pressure of the cleansing action to the teeth without breaking.

Freshness: Miswaak should be freshly cut so that it is supple, easily chewed, and still rich in active constituents. The root should be whitish-brown in color; a dark brown color indicates that the Miswaak is no longer fresh.

If a stick is dry, the end for chewing should initially be soaked in fresh water for 24 hours. It should be noted that soaking for unduly long periods causes loss of active constituents and diminishes the therapeutic properties, although the mechanical effects on the teeth can still occur.

The end: Before Miswaak is used, the end should be washed with water. It is then chewed repeatedly until the fibers stand out like the bristles of a toothbrush. These fibers should be trimmed every 24 hours.
  
Brushing technique:

The techniques employed for removing plaque mechanically are similar to that for the toothbrush and the chewing stick; i.e., vertical and horizontal brushing. The cleaning movement should always be directed away from the gingival margin of the teeth (away from the gums) on both the buccal (outer cheek) and lingual (inner cheek) surfaces.

Care should be taken to avoid damaging the soft tissues of the mouth. Satisfactory cleaning can be achieved if this procedure is followed for five minutes.

There are two basic holds: Pen-grip (three-finger) or palm-grip (five finger-grip). In each case the aim is to ensure firm but controlled movement of the brush end of the Miswaak within the oral cavity, so that every area of the mouth is reached with relative ease and convenience.

When to use Miswaak:

In general, the Miswaak should be used a minimum of five times a day (i.e. before each prayer). However it is recommended to use it all the time, whenever possible. 

Common mistakes in Miswaak use:

1. The end is either too thin or too thick.
2. Keeping it in the mouth while doing other things.
3. Not cutting the end every day.
4. Forgetting that teeth have five faces (inner, outer, two sides, and biting/chewing face), and only using Miswaak to clean the outer faces.


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