Sunday, June 18, 2017

Jihād Becomes Fardh ‘Ayn In 3 Cases

Ibn Qudhāmah said:

"And jihād becomes an individual obligation in three situations:

The First: When the two groups meet and both sides face one another. It is forbidden for those present to flee and that situation is an individual obligation to him, due to Allāh's statement, "O you who believe, when you meet (an enemy) force, take a firm stand against them and remember Allāh much…" until His statement, "… and be patient, surely Allāh is with those who are patient." [8:45-46] And His statement, "O you who believe, when you meet those who disbelieve in battle, never turn your backs to them. and whoever turns his back to them on such a day – unless it be a stratagem of war, or to retreat to a troop (of his own) – he indeed has drawn upon himself wrath from Allāh." [8:15-16]

The Second: If the disbelievers enter a country then it is an individual obligation upon its people to fight them and repel them.

The Third: If the leader (Imām) calls upon a people, it is upon them to go out with him, due to Allāh's statement, "O you who believe, what is the matter with you that when you are asked to march forth in the path of Allāh (i.e. jihād) you cling heavily to the earth?" [9:38] as well as the verse which follows it. And the Prophet (saw) said, "If you are called out, then go out." [Agreed upon]"

[Al-Mughnī Wa Al-Sharh al-Kabīr, 10/365]

 

Note: As an extension to the second case, it remains as such until that land is returned to the domination of Islāmic Law, irrespective of how many years have passed since we lost that specific land. And it is precisely this which lead many leading scholars to state that jihād remains fardh 'ayn until as far west as Spain and until far east as the borders of China and the borders of Russia are returned to Islāmic Law.

 


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